What if lymphocytes are elevated?
Human blood consists of many important components, each of which performs a specific function. The imbalance in its composition leads to a variety of disorders in the body. So, if the lymphocytes are raised or lowered, you can talk about the problems of the immune system. The fact is that the bone marrow is engaged in the production of white blood cells. If foreign antigens appear in the body, an immune response is formed, which means that if a blood test is performed at this point, the lymphocytes are elevated.
How much is considered excess?
Depending on age, the rate varies. For example, if the content of white blood cells exceeds forty percent, it can be said that the lymphocytes are elevated in an adult. In a child, this figure is normal. In childhood, the blood contains more white blood cells, but with age, the place of lymphocytes is occupied by neutrophils. Thus, it is necessary to analyze the composition of the blood based on the age of the patient.
Leukocytes, a subspecies of which are lymphocytes, are produced in response to lymphoproliferative, oncological, immunodeficient, autoimmune, infectious and allergic diseases. To understand the reason why lymphocytes are elevated, it is necessary to analyze the ratio of some of their types and determine the infection that caused the disease. Conditions affecting the content of white blood cells are almost always caused by pathological processes in the body, so it’s absolutely impossible not to pay attention to them. If the analysis reflects a change in the direction of a serious increase, we can talk about lymphocytosis. If there are not enough white blood cells, the person starts lymphopenia. The rate of maintenance ranges from eighteen to forty percent of the total blood composition. Depending on how strongly the indicators of the analysis deviate from the standard number, we can speak of a relative or absolute increase or decrease in lymphocytes.
What is the cause of lymphocytosis?
Most often, an unsatisfactory blood test signals infectious diseases.If the lymphocytes are elevated, it can be a sign of syphilis, whooping cough, infectious mononucleosis, various types of typhoid, brucellosis, or tuberculosis. When they decrease, there is a risk of ovarian hypofunction, adrenal pathologies, thyrotoxicosis and myxedema, as well as autoimmune pathologies, such as asthma. If the lymphocytes are elevated, the causes can also be hidden in blood disorders such as radiation sickness or anemia. Impaired metabolism, provoked by starvation, is capable of causing a problem. Self-treatment in such situations is excluded. If the lymphocytes are elevated, you should consult with your doctor, who will tell you the treatment plan.
By itself, lymphocytosis, as well as lymphopenia, proceeds without external symptoms. Its treatment involves the elimination of the cause of the disease, which led to an increase in the number of certain blood cells. In severe forms of lymphopenia, stem cells may be required. Lymphocytosis is usually somewhat easier.