What is pentane? Isomers and Pentane Production
Chemistry is one of the most difficult subjects in school. This is explained by the fact that in everyday life people do not use chemical terminology and do not know how this or that substance is produced. It should be noted that chemistry is the most attractive science. If you know what will happen after mixing different substances, you can get unusual and original products. In the classroom chemistry students learn the chemical elements, the structure of substances, the number of atoms and so on. Consider what the word "pentane" means.
Hydrocarbon pentane. Isomers
Pentanes are included in the class of alkanes. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. They contain simple bonds and form a homologous series. This series starts with methane (CH4), followed by ethane (C2H5), propane (C3H8), butane (C4H10), pentane (C5H12) and so on. Their formulas contain a certain amount of carbon and hydrogen atoms.
Pentane (from the word "five") has five carbon atoms (C) and twelve hydrogen atoms (H).Alkanes with more than three carbon atoms have isomers. At a temperature of zero degrees, pentane is a liquid. With a change in temperature, its state may also change.
Consider how many substances of the same composition, but of different structure can have pentane. Isomers can be written in the form of three formulas. These are n-pentane, neopentane and isopentane. The formula for n-pentane is written as СН3 (СН2) 3СН3, neopentane - (СН3) 4С, isopentane - (СН3) 2СНСН2 СН3. From these formulas it is clear that all these isomers consist of five carbon atoms (C) and twelve hydrogen atoms (H). The structural isomer of pentane isopentane has a narcotic effect.
Pentanes are derived from petroleum, natural gas, and shale tar. From hydrocarbons derived from CO and H2,pentane can also be obtained.
Isomers have another name, for example, isopentane, 2-methylbutane. Neopentane is called 2,2-dimethylpropane. We learned what alkanes are, what is their structure and structure. We have considered pentane. Isomers and their formula does not represent anything difficult. The main thing is to start to comprehend chemistry and its secrets.