What continent crosses the equator? What do we know about him?
Equator (from the Latin. "Align") - a conditional line that intersects our planet, which divides it into two parts. The line passes through the center of the Earth, perpendicular to the axis of its rotation. The equator exists only on paper, but allows you to make accurate readings, determine the location of an object, orient to the sea.
Equatorial latitude is zero degrees. This part of the planet receives the largest "dose" of the sun's rays. Accordingly, the farther away the country is from the equator, the less sunlight it receives. Today we will look at which continents cross the equator and what interesting facts are known about it.
Interesting facts about the equator
- The sun is at its zenith (that is, it shines directly above its head) only at the equator and only twice a year. Most countries celebrate the winter and summer equinox these days. On such days, people and objects cast no shadows.
- The equator crosses fourteen states and twice the Congo River.
- It is the longest parallel of the earth - 40075 km.
- The city of Macapa (in Brazil), intersected by the equator line, is located simultaneously in the southern and northern hemispheres.
- The average temperature at the equator is about +26 degrees Celsius. During the day, the temperature can increase to +40, and at night - decrease by 10-15 degrees.
What continents crosses the equator
The equator crosses North America and Africa. It dissects the last continent practically in half. In addition, the line passes through a number of islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans.
The area of the mainland is 18.13 million km2. What countries of South America are located at the equator? It crosses the mainland in the northern part, touching the widest part of it: Colombia, Brazil and Ecuador.
The name of the last country located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, translated from the language of the Spaniards, means "equator". Here is also the most visited monument, called "The Middle of the World". It is located near Kyoto, the capital of Ecuador. The monument reaches 30 meters in height. Its tip is crowned with a huge five-ton ball.From the monument on the ground, a line has been drawn that conditionally divides the planet into two hemispheres - North and South.
Ecuador is also famous for the fact that here is the highest equatorial point - the volcano Kayambe (5790 m). This is the only place on the equator, covered with snow.
Territories located right on the line of the equator are distinguished by an abundance of wonderful plants and rare insects. The weather here is wonderful, warm, with a moderate amount of precipitation. The equator zero parallel has a tremendous impact on the movement of hurricanes - they do not exist at the equator.
Which mainland, crossing the equator, the next? Africa is the hottest continent. Its area in scale is second only to Eurasia and is 30.3 million km2. It has four types of climate, the relief is mostly flat. Some scientists believe that it was here that life originated on Earth.
Africa equator line of the Earth crosses almost in the middle. It passes through the Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, the Republic of Sao Tome, Gabon. All of these countries are located in East and Central Africa.
How is the mainland of Africa relative to the equator? Most of the continent is located to the east of the zero meridian, and a smaller one - to the west.
It is noteworthy that in most African countries located in the equator, there are no signs indicating that you are already in the other hemisphere. Although in the Republic of the Congo (the city of Makoua), a half-ruined monument informs about this - the skeleton of a globe on a pedestal. Only in Uganda is there a sign that says "Equator".
In Kenya, in which tourism is developed well, tourists are told that the equator is crossing monuments on the roads. There are several of these, but the most attractive is the orange metal ball with the words "Equator" in the city of Masena.
In Indonesia, along the entire equatorial line of the Earth, you can find sculptures in the shape of a globe with the designation of its direction.
Having discussed which continents cross the equator, we proceed to the islands. There are thirty-three of them, as mentioned above. The largest ones are as follows:
- Maldives (equator line between two atolls).
- Galapagos Islands. Here, the equator line crosses the Volcano Wolf, the last eruption of which took place in 2015.
These are big islands that inhabit millions of people. The equator also crosses a group of smaller and less known islands.