The verb make / made is the most important!
One of the most complex, rich, interesting verbs of the English language is the verb make / made. It is also one of the most widely spoken in English. Its basic meaning is “to do,” but it is also part of so many phrasal verbs with different meanings.
The verb make / made is obviously an irregular verb. Irregular verbs are often the most commonly used, and therefore it is very important to remember them. The 3 forms of the verb make are easy to remember, as its Simple Past and Perfect Perfect coincide. That is, it remains to learn only two forms. Unfortunately, this is one of those irregular verbs that are not like the others. They do not follow a specific pattern, such as take-took-taken, shake-shook-shaken.
In this case, the verb: make-made-made.
We use this verb to talk about things that we produce or create. For example, we make coffee or a table.
Make can be a verb-performative, that is, it performs an action.
If the verb make / made is used with adjectives, then it takes the same meaning “to do”, but with an active shade: “This coffee makes me happy”,that is, "makes me happy."
It is the same with the nouns, meaning the type of work: "He made me the captain of the team", that is, "appointed".
In addition to the general meaning of “do,” the verb make / made also in certain contexts can mean:
1. To make.
I make tables out of wood. - I make wood tables.
A lot of goods are made for the society. - A lot of products are made for society.
3. To make.
Do not trust him. - Do not make a mistake and do not trust him.
4. To force.
Try it and make me do it! - Try, make me!
Make is a transitive verb, therefore, it has both active and passive voice.
Verb coercion verb make
The design of this type means that someone is forced to do something without the special desire of the latter.
The main thing is to remember that in the active voice, make in this value does not require to.
Don't make me do this! - Don't make me do it!
In the passive voice, the to part appears as a marker of that it is a passive.
I was made to do it. - They made me do it.
Make and Do
These two verbs with a similar meaning are easily confused. The difference between them is sometimes too thin. The verb make / made rather means “perform an action,” while do-did-done means “commit an action.” However, the boundary between these two concepts is so blurred that it is easier to just memorize basic stable expressions with each of these verbs by heart than to try to understand the essence of their differences.
The basic set expressions with do:
- Do a favor - to provide or make a service.
- Do me a favor and please get out. “Do me a favor and disappear out of sight.”
- Do one's face / hair / teeth - clean, make more beautiful.
- He looks better, he did his teeth. - He began to look better - new teeth inserted.
- Do one's duty - to fulfill duty.
- My motherland. - I have to fulfill my duty and protect the Motherland.
- Do the dishes - wash the dishes. Make the plates - that is, wash them.
- Do the room - remove (make) a room - make it (beautiful).
- Do the laundry - wash.
- Do the honors - to honor (in Russian they sometimes say - “to do honor”).
- Do your job / housework - do is used when it comes to work of any kind.
There are many other expressions, they are better just to remember.
Basic set expressions with make:
- Make a mistake - make a mistake. Do not leave the room, do not make a mistake.
- Make a bed - remove the bed (not to be confused with do the room - remove the room).
- Make a joke - joke - "make a joke". This is my feeble attempt to make a joke. - This is my weak attempt to joke (make a joke).
- Make an attempt - to try (to make an attempt). I made a joke. - I tried to joke (I made an attempt to make a joke).
- Make a confession / decision / compliment - make a confession, make (make) a decision, make a compliment.
As you can see from the examples, make something can often be translated by a single verb - it is an act of some kind.
Phrasal verb make
Phrasal verbs are an interesting feature of the English language. The phrasal verb make / made is very rich in meaning. Although he has not so many combinations with prepositions and adverbs, as it could be, the number of these meanings makes this phrasal verb very difficult to memorize, but also interesting to learn. The same combination can have about ten shades of meanings in different situations. Like, for example, make out is either "kissing for a long time," or "trying to see something," or "putting someone out by someone." There are a lot of similar examples. In other words, make + something is a contextual phrasal verb.
Make after -rush in pursuit (after) for someone (make a pursuit).
I made after him - he stole my bag. - I set off after him in pursuit - he stole my bag.
Make away / make away with -
1) to get rid of someone - to make so that someone was not: finish off; 2) run away, slip away; 3) steal.
Synonyms can be rlagol kill andexpressionget rid of.If saymake away with oneself / one’s life, thenwill be committed suicide.
He knows too much. - There is no other way - we will have to remove it: he knows too much.
I am not happy with myself. - I am thinking over the idea of suicide.I made away with all the money. - I merged with all the money.
Make for -1) quickly go somewhere; 2) rush to someone; promote anything.
The moment she made him (it made it a run for it). - At that moment, when she saw him, she immediately rushed to the exit (she ran).
I made for him - he was my enemy. - I pounced on him, it was my enemy.
Make into -redo into something, transform.
Yer witch made me into a fox. “The witch turned me into a fox.”
Make of -evaluate - to make an assessment of something.
I have no idea. - I have no idea how to evaluate such a comment.
Make off -escape, hide - make legs.
Once I will bank a bank and make it off with that money. - One day I will rob a bank and run away (at sunset) with this money.
Make out -1) write a check; 2) argue, prove; 3) understand, distinguish; 4) cuddle, kiss; 5) imply.
Who do I make this check out to? - In whose name write a check?
I could only make out shapes. - I could only see the outlines.
He made me out to be a murderer. - He set me up as a killer.
She makes out that I beat her. - She claims that I beat her.
When is this report made? - When should he make this report?
Make over -redo (re-do), transfer (money), transfer your property to someone.
They made the money over to me. - They transferred me the money.I have to make a whole makeover! - I have to absolutely redo everything!
Make up for -to compensate, to smooth down - to do something for something.
Please tell me how I can do what I have done? - I beg you, tell me how to make amends for what I did?
This is a little something to make up for your time. - This is a small symbolic gift for your time spent.
- Make up to -suck up to someone.
I’ll make it all up to you. - I'll refund everything to you.
Without the verb make-made-made in English speech can not do. Like English itself, make is elegant, strict and laconic: it alone expresses hundreds of meanings, and its rather limited number of combinations with prepositions and adverbs contains an unlimited choice of meanings. Make and 3 forms of the verb are exactly worth learning.