Treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve in adults and children
The facial nerve, also called the cranial brain, is located in the middle of the pons and the pons. It passes through the mimic muscles, which regulates its work. The facial nerve is inextricably linked with another, intermediate. The latter is responsible for the work of the lacrimal gland and stapedius muscle, and also controls some parts of the face and the sensitivity of the tongue to taste recognition.
The structure and role of the facial nerve
Formed by cell processes, it performs a motor function. Together with the intermediate nerve, the area of its action becomes quite extensive. Both are connected with the third - the pre-door-cochlea. The trio formed by its processes acquires an internal auditory canal, bypassing the opening of its pyramid.
The facial nerve also enters the parotid gland. Another branching reaches the temporal bone area. There is a large stony nerve connected to the tympanic plexus by a fast-moving nerve, as well as to the vagus nerve and the tympanic string.The main task of the facial nerve is the constant regulation of the motor functions of the muscles. Its fibrous structure creates several nuclei. They represent a clot, or cell group. Each nucleus is occupied by the regulation of the work of a certain facial muscle - eyelid, forehead, eyebrows, lips, and other things.
Paralysis of the facial nerve
In case of purulent damage to the middle ear or caries, such a complication often occurs as facial paralysis. Treatment of this disease should begin as soon as possible, since ignoring the problem leads to irreparable consequences. The very same disease manifests itself, above all, by the asymmetry of the face, under which characteristic signs can be observed. These include: lack of muscle activity or sudden movement of muscles when they are irritated.
Facial nerve palsy is a disease that causes the following complications:
- Asymmetry of the mouth.
- Paralysis of the muscles, which complicates the process of nutrition.
- Biting the mucosa in the problem area.
- Arbitrary flow of saliva or the discharge of liquid food through the affected corner of the mouth.
- Difficulties in communicating due to slurred speech.
- The inability to perform certain actions, such as whistling or blowing out candles.
Paralysis of the facial nerve of the central type
This pathology arises as a result of malfunctioning of the cerebral cortex. Also, the cause may be disturbances in the cortico-nuclear pathways. Due to the fact that they lead exactly to the facial nerve system, paralysis of the central type is a disorder that manifests itself directly opposite the affected area. That is, you can often observe failures in the muscles of the lower facial area.
Features of the structure of the nerve suggest its inextricable connection with the extrapyramidal system. For this reason, the facial muscles with central paralysis are able to make involuntary contractions, which frightens the patient and others.
Symptoms indicative of the problem
The disease indicators are peculiar bells that signal the presence of a problem. For example, a twisted or constantly twitching face is not easy to miss. This sign is the brightest. It is necessary to begin treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve without delay. Symptoms of this disease are visible to the naked eye.They indicate that the brain no longer controls the work of the nerve. Key indicators for alarming:
- Weakness or complete absence of movements of the facial muscles of one half of the face.
- Lack of tension in the muscles, which can cause a noticeable dropping of one of the corners of the mouth.
- Difficulty in taking liquid food.
- All symptoms may be joined by dryness of the eyeball or, conversely, tearing. There may be increased sensitivity, as well as the deterioration of the functions of the language to recognize tastes.
Diagnosis and treatment of facial neuritis
Observation, interviewing and diagnosis often do not cause difficulties for doctors because of the pronounced severity of symptoms. An MRI or CT scan may be prescribed for this disease, as it may be of a secondary nature. So that the treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve was short-lived, as well as to eliminate possible negative consequences, the therapy is started immediately. The acute period of the disease is accompanied by the following medications:
- Hormonal drugs to relieve inflammation.
- Diuretics to eliminate edema.
- Vasodilators to improve blood flow.
- Antispasmodics in the presence of pain. If the disease is of a secondary nature, then the treatment of neuritis of the facial nerve is to combat the underlying disease that causes it.
Children's neuritis of the face
A similar disease can be met in very young children. Their parents are watching how on the face one half seemed to freeze. Neuritis of the facial nerve in children may result from birth trauma. Unfortunately, this happens often. During childbirth, the face of the baby is tightly pressed against my mother's pelvic bones, which causes these manifestations. Under the supervision of experienced doctors it is quickly and painlessly eliminated.
Children's neuritis is treated with the help of complex therapy.