Top rock bands. Russian rock
Rock in the USSR was, one might say, belated. He came from the West in the 60s of the last century and for a long time remained a marginal phenomenon in Soviet culture. But nevertheless, being forbidden and rejected, the rock stirred the hearts of young people. He was played and listened underground, rubbing up the holes of the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. And already then, in the 60s, the first best rock bands in the domestic star sky began to appear.
How it all began
The first groups playing heavy music were created by Soviet schoolchildren and students. The guys were united on the wave of general enthusiasm, and their creative success was inspired by foreign rock bands, mostly English and American. However, many such teams played quite professionally.
But in those days it was not easy to make high-quality rock. The fact is that professional recording studios were simply inaccessible to many musicians, and the attitude of the country's leadership towards this style was sharply negative. Rock bands were disguised as the then-popular VIA (vocal-instrumental ensembles) and tried to be like other Soviet pop stars.However, the differences were still: in relation to creativity and life, in the sound of their songs. In the 60s, the first popular rock bands emerged: "Scythians", "Slavs", "Buffoons".
70s: the official arrival of rock and roll in the USSR
In the early 70s, heavy music was still illegal. However, along with the officially allowed TIAs, there were even real underground rock bands. Russian bands playing heavy music gave concerts, recordings from which were distributed among fans. In St. Petersburg, such performances were held in ordinary apartments. Several musical groups gathered together, brought their equipment and installed the sound. Invited guests gathered and the homework began ...
In the second half of the 70s, rock became officially authorized. At the recording studio “Melody”, not only records with hits of Soviet pop stars, but also albums by Elvis Presley, Tom Jones and Elton John were released. The latter, by the way, came on tour in the USSR in those years.
Among local groups, the most famous were “Leap Summer”, “Autograph”, “Resurrection”, “Time Machine” and “Aquarium”.The best rock bands of the 70s won the hearts of fans.
The beginning of the decade was marked by several significant events for the rock movement of the USSR. The Spring Rhythms-80 festival, which could rightly be called the “Soviet Woodstock”, was held. A significant event was also the “Tbilisi-80” festival, according to the results of which the best rock bands were named: “Time Machine”, “Integral”, “Autograph” and “Magnetic Band”.
Alternative musical movement to the beginning of the 80s was almost formed. Official clubs appeared in which, without fear of persecution, musicians could perform, concerts were allowed, and records were made fairly easily. But in 1984 by order of K.U. Chernenko, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the rock was again outlawed. Many popular rock bands were banned. Such a fate befell “DDT”, “Picnic”, “Aquarium”, “Kino”, “Alliance”, “Urfin Jus”, “Gulliver”, “Bravo” and some others. The concerts of these groups stopped with the help of police intervention. Zhanna Aguzarova, the lead singer of Bravo, was even under arrest for some time.Interesting was the wording proposed in the prohibitive legislation of K.W. Chernenko. He defined the activities in which the musicians were engaged as entrepreneurial. The parasites So from now on creative people were included, which are part of any banned rock band. Russian groups, who had previously played heavy music, were now forced to retrain and perform songs by Soviet composers.
But then freedom came. In 1985, a rock laboratory was opened in Moscow, which largely contributed to the legalization of heavy music. This organization, designed to control the activities of the underground rockers, did not last long, but its existence bore fruit.
And then came the "Red Wave"
In 1986, four well-known St. Petersburg collectives acquired a national record. The album was named “Red Wave” and was released in the USA. And the groups that took part in his recording were “Kino”, “Alice”, “Aquarium” and “Strange Games”.
This disc has fueled the interest of foreign audiences in Soviet music. As a result, in 1988-1989, the Kino group went on a tour of Asia and Europe.The musicians were finally able to get out of the "underground", and a new life began.
The beginning of the 90s
In the early 90s, rock stopped being banned, illegal and protesting. In fact, the new teams formed in these years became already an organic part of show business.
At the beginning of the 90s, Agatha Christie, Semantic Hallucinations, Foot Gone! And Va-Bank took the stage. They recorded their songs, relying in part on those developments that gave foreign rock bands, but to a greater extent still following their individual manners, which enabled them to create something new and unusual. There was no such music in the USSR, so the song “Haru Mamburu” became a hit of its time.
90s and early 2000s. Entering the world stage
Russian rock music in the 90s in its quality closer to foreign. The sound improved, many technical aspects were taken from the western colleagues. In addition, there were new musical styles: punk, grunge, repkor and alternative rock.
Popular became "B-2", "Pilot", "Lumen", "Cockroaches!", "Naive", "Gas Sector". Famous Russian punks, the King and the Clown group, began to tell their terrible tales.Female rock bands also appeared: Night Snipers, Chicherina, Masha and the Bears, Zemfira.
In the 2000s, in the national rock scene, along with punk and alternative, bright stars of emo-core, indie and nu-metal appeared. These are the groups Amatori, Jane Air, Slot, Psyche. “Agatha Christie”, “Otto Dix”, “U-Peter” crossed over to the “dark side” of rock, in the gothic direction.
The best rock bands of our time
New performers with an enviable constancy appear on the Russian rock scene. Grunge is played by Plastika and Dead Moroz, in the indie-rock genre Litmus, Both Both and AloeVera work, the Gray Punks, All Out of Youth, Trench and Autopsy show ". There are also groups with female vocals "Murakami" and "Louna".
Together with young bands, world-famous Russian rockers, who have already become legends, perform. Fans are listened to the plates "Bi-2" and "Spleen", "Kipelov" and "Mavrin", "Mumiy Troll" and "Kukryniksy". But the real legends, “The Time Machine”, “Picnic”, “Alisa” and many others, perform with concerts still, despite their age, possible fatigue and any other life troubles.
Remembering the legends, it is difficult to specify all the names of the rock groups that influenced the formation and development of rock culture in Russia.The stories of many of them are worth a separate attention, and their work gives the material to write not only a series of articles, but also entire books.