The system of pedagogical sciences: a brief classification
The system of pedagogical sciences is aan interesting and wide range of questions for study, which are being studied by both domestic and foreign researchers. Their views are different, but they can all be brought to a common denominator and talk about the most used classifications of pedagogical sciences for today.
Thus, the structure of the pedagogical sciences includeshistory and theory of pedagogy. The first discipline studies the history of development of the basic ideas of pedagogy, and also reveals the ways of development of education systems in different countries and among diverse peoples. And the theory of pedagogy consists of the following subsections: general pedagogy, didactics, theory of upbringing, the theory of organization and management of the educational process, and methods of educational work.
The modern system of pedagogical sciences includesand classification by age and subject. So, preschool, school pedagogy, pedagogy of professional education, higher school pedagogy, production, military, space, social, comparative, ethnopedagogics and gerontopedagogy are different. Here we also include family pedagogy and pedagogy of communication. And separately there is also pedudology, which deals with the issues of professional training of people who have chosen the path of the teacher for themselves.
On the value-semantic basis, the system of pedagogical sciences includes authoritarian, humanistic, legal, Orthodox, and pedagogy of cooperation.
According to the corrective-developing feature in the structurepedagogical sciences include defectology, surdopedagogy, typhlopedagogics, oligophrenopedagogy, logopedagogics, correctional, correctional labor pedagogy, conductive pedagogy, curative, preventive, rehabilitation and for people of special talent.
The listed system of pedagogical sciencesconfirms the idea that pedagogy is an independent, rather complex science that plays an important role in human life. So, the general pedagogy is engaged in studying the basic laws to which the processes of upbringing and learning are subordinated and all the other sections listed above are its constituent elements. The second place in the breadth of covered issues is the age-related branch. She studies all the moments of the upbringing of a person from birth to an adult state. And today there is even gerontopedagogika, dealing with the issues of correct aging.
A considerable part of the system of pedagogical sciencesprivate methods or methods of teaching various subjects in schools and other educational institutions. They also include issues of physical, moral, artistic, environmental and other aspects of upbringing. This is due to the fact that each subject, discipline and directions of education and upbringing has not only general, but specific requirements applied in the performance of their tasks.
And one more branch that the modern systempedagogical sciences began to allocate comparatively recently - it is comparative or comparative pedagogy. By its name it can be seen that this science studies the trends in the development of pedagogical thought in different countries in comparative, international terms. Its goal is the enrichment of science with advanced techniques and techniques applied in different parts of the globe as applied to national issues of education and upbringing.
And, finally, today it is impossible to imaginepedagogical science without the use of modern technology. The information industry is becoming more and more popular today and is actively used in the management of the processes of upbringing and education.