The structure of activity in psychology. Three main types
In everyday life, a person shows a certain activity, being a creator and creator, regardless of the type of his occupation. Without manifestation of activity, one cannot enrich one's own spiritual life. Activity in psychology helps to reveal the social category of cognition and the laws of the environment. As a person, a person must be aware of the motives for stimulating activity and setting goals. Throughout his life, he is confronted with three coexisting and genetically changing activities. This is work, play and teaching. Let's look at them in more detail.
This is one of the main elements that includes the structure of activity. First of all, work is aimed at creating a product that carries value for society. It allows a person to create material and spiritual values. Usually, labor activity involves the creation of a product that is useful for society and that will be able to satisfy both the material and spiritual needs of humanity.It also reveals the essential forces of man, since he is involved in the process of production relations. Such a manifestation of labor forms its own attitude to activities, to motives, to the disclosure of abilities in the working process, etc. As the psychology of activity teaches, labor motives depend on the tasks, realizing which, a person satisfies his or her own needs. And the implementation of labor activity is subject to an unlimited number of factors that affect the emergence of the desire to work qualitatively.
The structure of the game does not imply the creation of significant products for society, but concentrates on the formation of a person’s personality as a subject of activity. The game process is necessarily analyzed in order to study and reveal its essence. The development of children's games has caused the progress of human society as a whole. Scientific analysis has shown that thanks to the game, the child not only receives a reflection of the adult world, but also learns the world around. When children grow up, games become more difficult and more constructive. In them, the child begins to create something: baking cakes, building a house, etc.That is, he interprets the interaction of objects and their purpose. The role-playing collective games are even more complicated. But thanks to them, the child has significantly increased social circle.
The structure of the exercise is to prepare a person for labor activities. At this stage, mental and physical abilities, as well as material and cultural values, are finally formed. In the process of learning, mastering the skills, knowledge and skills necessary for the chosen work activity and, ultimately, for upbringing takes place. Teaching is a very important component, which includes the structure of activity, since it forms the personality of the child, his character, abilities, will, etc. The most important stage in the life of each person is entering school, changing attitudes on peers and life. Students have responsibilities that must be performed on time. In the future, the doctrine prepares for professional activities to meet various needs.