The role of art in the rapprochement of peoples. As art contributes to the convergence of the people
The modern world is increasingly entering the era of globalization, gradually turning into a single information and cultural space. And the role of art in the rapprochement of peoples is becoming increasingly important. In the 21st century, it is gradually becoming one of the main engines of international integration.
Art in human life
The role of art in society is difficult to overestimate. This form of culture has long been the force that united people, rallying it around a common goal, idea or experience. Music, painting, poetry supported people, helped to find a common language in cases where other methods of communication were impossible.
Nowadays, art performs several important functions in society:
- integration (or, otherwise, unifying);
- informational (after all, not only literature, but also music, and even dance serve as a way to transfer knowledge about events and attitudes towards them by the author);
- and upbringing - it is enough to recall children's fairy tales, unobtrusively instilling in children ideas of morality.
Literature, music, cinema, painting, sculpture, dance, "crafts" - all of these types of art bear the imprint of the soul of the people who created it. So, the matryoshka or Khokhloma painting is known all over the world as a symbol of Russia, and the sounds of bagpipes immediately make you think of Scotland.
The value of art in society
Such an important role of art in bringing people of different countries closer to each other can be explained by the fact that it is a unique system of symbols transmitting information. Without it, it would be impossible to transfer knowledge about such an aspect of human life as feelings, experiences, impulses of the soul. The historical chronicle is able to describe in detail the events of an important event for society. But they cannot convey the mood, the general emotional mood of the people.
You can tell a lot to children who are not yet familiar with history about the patriotism of the Soviet people during the years of the Great Patriotic War.However, the dates, statistics and reports from the fronts will remain for the child an empty sound, perceived only by the mind, but not the soul, until he hears Alexandrov's “Holy War” and sees the graffiti of the Brest Fortress spotted with graffiti: “We die, but do not give up! ".
Art in the modern world
The role of art in the rapprochement of nations is constantly increasing due to the increasing amount of information that falls on a person during the day. A scientific text makes sense only if it was received entirely and without distortion. Art is not required. A piece of a song or several episodes from the film often have the effect of the same force as the whole work.
Art, in its essence, is symbolic, which means it is understandable on an intuitive level. Each genre and direction has its own artistic and expressive means, which allow the best way to convey to the viewer or listener what the author tried to say. This “language of art” is perceived unconsciously and acts directly on a person’s feelings. Thus, the poem evokes an emotional response, regardless of whether the reader is iambic or chorea.
International Cultural Integration
A vivid example of how art contributes to the rapprochement of the people can serve:
- books and films translated into dozens of languages;
- foreign tours of famous music groups;
- famous paintings that appeal to human values and are known to almost everyone, regardless of nationality;
- songs and instrumental compositions, gaining popularity not only in his native country, but also abroad;
- and much more.
It is particularly noteworthy that many examples of art not only find a response in the hearts of people of different cultures, but also become the impetus for a deeper study of a foreign language, traditions and religion.
For example, acquaintance with the Japanese language, which is increasingly gaining popularity among Russian youth, often begins with cartoons in the anime genre.
The role of music in national integration
Musical art has long been famous for its ability to unite people. And both representatives of the same culture, and people of completely different nationalities.
A poem, however ingenious, is unlikely to be appreciated by a person who does not know the language.A picture filled with deep meaning and symbolism can leave a person of a different nationality indifferent - it has long been proven that different nations put different meanings into the same signs and “cultural codes”.
But musical art has no such restrictions: unlike all other genres, it appeals to those deep feelings that are the same for all people. Music directly affects emotions, causes people of completely different nationalities to have similar thoughts and feelings.
An excellent illustration of the unifying power of music can be the famous “Marseillaise”, which has long been a song of revolutionaries. Moreover, it was performed by both the French - residents of the country where this melody was born - and freedom fighters in Italy, Spain, Tsarist Russia and other countries. For all who heard her, she was a symbol of revolution; and for many, a call for resistance.
Art: a prop in need
The integrative role of art in society becomes especially noticeable in difficult, crisis periods of history. The famous “Katyusha” by Mikhail Isakovsky did not long remain the property of exclusively Russian people: residents of all countries, where the Red Army was part of as a liberator, instantly picked up a simple chant.Now Katyusha is performed in French, Italian, Chinese, German and dozens of other languages.
Yes, and for people of one nation, art often becomes a rallying force for people. Suffice it to recall Shostakovich's Leningrad Symphony, instantly recognized by Shishkin’s “Bears in the Forest” by most Russians or the series “17 Moments of Spring”, quotes from which have long become popular expressions.
World-class cultural events
Particularly vividly, the role of art in bringing nations closer is demonstrated by international cultural events:
- world exhibitions;
- international film festivals (for example, Cannes, Berlin and others);
- art summits;
- museums known to the entire planet: the Louvre, the Hermitage, the Prado;
- music competitions (for example, Eurovision), etc.
The role of art in the world is not only not decreasing, but is constantly growing. Moreover, familiarity with the culture of other countries during international events takes place not only through works of art, but also through communication with native speakers of another language. For example, at the World’s Fair in Montreal, there were salons in 68 countries, and the number of guests exceeded 55 million people.Many of them, preparing for the trip, learned the language, were interested in the customs and laws of Canada.
Cultural events can be easily attributed to international sporting events: football matches, Olympiads. So, very few people, except historians and ardent fans of the sport, will be able to recall the winners of the Olympics-80 in Moscow. But the song “Good-bye, Moscow” and the famous “Olympic bear” are known even to people born in the 21st century - let alone those for whom the Moscow Olympiad has become one of the most vivid memories of youth!
The role of media in cultural integration
The development of art is not too dependent on the media; However, the speed of its spread is constantly growing as mankind invents new ways of communication. In primitive tribes, music and ritual dances served as a means of uniting people of one kind. In the Middle Ages, the legend or epic, created in one country, after some time became known to neighbors. No wonder most European nations have fairy tales with the same plot, and sometimes with similar names.
In the age of the Internet and television, art spreads throughout the world almost without delay.The song, once performed in Spain, will be “flooded” with one of the video resources by the very next day and will become known worldwide. Books are distributed not only in print, but also in electronic form, and often the author’s popularity “abroad” turns out to be higher than among readers of his native country.