The name of months in the Ukrainian language from January to December
Ukrainian language has a lot of similarities with the Russian, and often without even knowing it, you can guess the meaning of to hear suggestions. But the names of the months in Ukrainian impose a Russian-speaking person on a stupor. They are fundamentally different from the usual names, such as January, February, March, etc. What are the similarities and differences and how they are caused - we will tell about it in more detail in our article.
Similarities and differences: whether there is a system?
The names of the months in Ukrainian and Russian sound quite differently. The only thing they have in common is their number in a year. And in Russian and Ukrainian calendar of 12 months. The number of days in each of them also coincides. In principle, the similarities end and the differences begin.
The Russian language uses the names of the months, borrowed from the group of Latin languages. Each of them received its name in honor of one of the gods or prominent figures of the Roman Empire. So January is named in honor of Janus - the ancient Roman two-faced deity.He was the god of entrances and doors, personified the beginning and the end. March got its name in honor of Mars - the god of war, and July - a tribute to the month of birth of Gaius Julius Caesar.
The origin of the Russian names from the Latin language explains their similarity with the English, French and other languages of this group. What is wrong with the names of the months in the Ukrainian language and why we cannot intuitively understand their meaning?
The origin of Ukrainian names
The secret of the difference is simple: the origin of the Ukrainian names of the months originates in Slavic history and has exactly the Old Slavonic roots. You can find similarities in the Ukrainian, Slovak, Polish and Croatian languages, which only confirms their relationship.
Every month the Slavs were called not in honor of God or a politician, but according to the most significant events of this particular season. That is why the name of each of them in the Ukrainian language is meaningful, and it will be easy to understand and remember the Ukrainian calendar if you learn to recognize this very meaning.
Winter months: from frost to cold
The first month of winter, known to us as December, in the Ukrainian language is called “breast” (read as “breast”).It is explained simply. At the first frosts, which occur in December, the earth, sodden after the fall, freezes into clods and irregularities, such as piles. From here and the name - roads in December turned into continuous heaps before establishment of a resistant frosty weather.
January in Ukrainian is called “Sichen” (“Sicen”). This time of year in the Slavic times required preparation for spring sowing, and such preparation consisted in cutting down, cutting through forests for the liberation of the territory for sowing. Also, such a name is explained by the first strong, "secant" frosts that happened in January.
The final month of the winter is February - in the Ukrainian language “lyutus” (“fierce”). Everything is simple here: during the cold period, stocks have come to an end, the frost is increasing, spring is coming. This month has always been truly evil, fierce for people. With the development of civilization, he ceased to be so formidable, but in memory of the old times the name lives in the Ukrainian language.
Spring is coming, everything is green and blooming!
March in Ukrainian sounds like "birch" ("berezen", with emphasis on the first syllable) and it is reasonable to assume that this is due to a beautiful tree - birch.It is in March that the movement of sap in the birches begins and its active collection, therefore, the first month of spring received such a name.
April is “queen” (“quit”). In Ukrainian, “kvіti” are flowers, and the verb “kvіtnuti” means “to bloom.” In April, nature comes to life, the first plants start to wake up and spring flowers bloom. Hence the origin of the name.
The last spring month is called “traven” (“traven”). It is in May that nature is the most juicy, blooming, playing with all shades of green. Green grass gave the name to this spring month.
Summer months: a tribute to nature
The first summer month June in Ukrainian is called “wormwood” (“cherven” with emphasis on the first syllable). The origin of this name is explained by the fact that it is at this time of the year that the larvae of the worms appear, which were used to produce red paint.
In Ukrainian, “Chervoniy” means “red”, therefore the appearance of the name “Cherven” (June in Ukrainian) is also associated with the ripening of red berries and fruits during this period.
The second month of summer, July, is called “Lipin” (“Lipin”), and it is very easy to remember.At this time, linden blossoms, and a beautiful fragrant lime blossom and gave the name to this summer month in the Ukrainian language.
August has always been a time of active field work, and its name in Ukrainian can fully reflect this. The last month of summer is called “serpen” (“serpen”) from the word “sickle”, with which the harvest was carried out during harvesting.
Autumn: beauty and extinction
The autumn months of September, October and November are also easy to remember, tracing the connection between their names and the natural phenomena characteristic of this time of year.
The name of the first month of autumn - “spring” (“veresen”) sounds most unusual for a Russian-speaking person. A simple and understandable explanation of it is this: heather is in bloom at this time, so this name stuck. There is also another version of the origin: from the word "verse", meaning threshing. In any case, the word is unusual for perception and requires some time to memorize.
But October is easy to remember in Ukrainian, it is called “Zhovten” (“Zhovten”). It is absolutely logical to assume that the name comes from the yellow color of the surrounding nature, which is striking in its beauty and colors in October.
November is also perfectly understandable and remembered in Ukrainian; it is called “leaf fall” (“fly-fall”, with an emphasis on the last syllable). Here the origin of the word is also due to natural phenomena and the flying of foliage from trees and bushes before winter.
The names of the months in the Ukrainian language can be difficult to read and memorize from the first time, because these words seem completely meaningless to the Russian person. But having learned a little more about their origin, the Slavic history and the importance that our ancestors gave to the names of the months, one can easily understand the calendar not only in Ukrainian, but also in Belarusian and Polish.