Spurge room: description and care
Room Spurge - description and care
The family of Molochai has about 2 thousand species. Many of them are successfully grown at home. The word "spurge" is a collective name. All plants of this type are durable and unpretentious.However, you need to know that any of them when breaking or cutting a stem produces a poisonous, milk-like juice, which, if it comes into contact with mucous membranes and skin, can cause a serious chemical burn. For this reason, room spurge requires care and caution when caring for it. At home, most often grow up several representatives of the flora, namely:
Natural habitat and optimal location
This plant is most often found in the tropical belt, in swamps and in deserts. Some species grow even in the tundra. Euphorbia room light-requiring. Most of the species feels great in places where direct sunlight is good.However, species with bright and variegated foliage are afraid of bright sunlight, as it can damage their shoots. Tree type euphorbia with a vertical stem requires overhead lighting.
Houseplant spurge requires good aeration and drainage. To ensure their landing, the substrate is mixed with fine gravel in a ratio of 3: 1. Euphorbia room tree grows better if you add pebbles to the pot.
It is best to feed your pet from April to September. Fertilization significantly improves the appearance of the plant. For these purposes, use any feed for cacti. Fertilizer should be applied once a month.
When you care should be remembered that the representative of the flora is poisonous and at the same time grown as a houseplant. Spurge in the winter time should be placed away from heaters and ensure that it has sufficient humidity to prevent the soil from drying out in the pot.In spring, the plant can be put on the balcony or in the courtyard, in the open air. He will benefit from warm rain, but one should not allow the plant to stay for long periods in a wet environment - this can lead to rotting of the roots. Sudden temperature changes should also be avoided.Room spurge needs to be replanted at least once a year. The most suitable time for this is the spring period.
Pruning and breeding
Some representatives of the spherical flora can grow up to 15 cm, and tree-like reach a height of 3 m. The growth of milkweed can be adjusted by trimming the stems. However, it should be understood that the lateral shoots begin to appear in vertical specimens after cutting. New branches, as a rule, are very strong. It is possible to propagate this plant using cuttings or processes. To do this, cut off the top of a strong escape at the narrow point of the stem. Then you need to wait until the released juice dries up and a protective layer is formed, and then plant the cuttings in the mixture of peat and sand. To stop the milky juice, the cut is washed with warm water and sprinkled with ground black pepper.