Specialty "Safety of technological processes and productions"
Safety of technological processes andproduction - the direction of training bachelors of technical universities in Russia and abroad. The specialty appeared not so long ago: before an engineer of this profile could become any specialist with a technical background.
When did the specialty arise?
In a separate area of student traininglabor protection and production processes developed in 1994. The order of the Ministry of Health of Social Development of Russia was amended in the Qualification Handbook. Specialists occupying the position of labor safety engineers now had to have the appropriate level of training - at least a bachelor's degree.
Initially, the specialty was very rare. Over time, it has spread to most of the technical universities in Russia and now includes a variety of narrow profile training areas.
During the introduction of the specialty there was onlytwo training profiles: "Safety of technological processes and production" and "Technospheric security." The engineers who received the education could find a job in any field that needs technospheric protection, regardless of the highly specialized direction.
Currently, specializations are combined inspecialty "Technospheric security". Each university has several areas for training engineers. Bachelor's program provides for the training of students in specialties:
- fire safety of technological processes, productions;
- environment protection;
- technospheric protection in case of emergency;
- safety of technological processes;
- safety in the technosphere.
The first 2-3 courses of the curriculum almost completely coincide, highly specialized subjects appear on the 3-4 year of training.
Characteristics of the curriculum
Profile "Safety of technological processes andproduction "is the direction of training of engineers - specialists with higher technical education.The curriculum provides for the study of necessary general technical, highly specialized, and humanitarian disciplines, which in complex should fully prepare the student for highly skilled work.
The humanitarian cycle can include history,philosophy, foreign languages, psychology and pedagogy, economics. General technical disciplines usually consist of physics, general chemistry, engineering graphics, higher mathematics, informatics and ecology. For specialists associated with safety of life, from the first year in the curriculum add the discipline of human physiology.
Approximately in the middle of the whole training course toThe study suggests profile subjects directly related to future qualifications. These include: life safety, combustion theory, fluid dynamics, technogenic risk, electronics and electrical engineering, and many other disciplines related to technical processes and the results of their impact on humans.
Scientific and practical work
Many technical universities offer studentsparticipate in scientific conferences, olympiads. On the basis of major institutes, scientific centers have been opened, which allow us to visually solve real problems under the guidance of the engineers. The scientific work of bachelor students is not mandatory, but it is welcomed and encouraged.
Practice is an indispensable stage in the teaching of any profession. Typically, the curriculum involves several types of practice:
- design and technological;
Each of the types of practicalThe basis of theoretical knowledge lasts at least 1-2 weeks, depending on the type of practice. This is a key point in the educational process. Some universities offer students much more hours of practical work on the basis of scientific centers. Most often the work is paid extra, which, undoubtedly, attracts students.
Characteristics of practical training of students
Curriculum for each of the training areascontains requirements for practical hours. Nonproduction and production practice is also conducted among students of the specialty "Safety of technological processes and production". Training and obtaining the necessary theoretical knowledge base is designed for the academic year, after which students go to practice.
Non-manufacturing practice impliespassing classes at the profile department. This is the initial stage, which usually awaits students who completed the first year. The production practice is, as a rule, 4 weeks, and passes at the enterprise.
Design-technological and pre-diplomapractice implies full familiarization with production processes in reality and transferring the theory to practical skills. The student partially fulfills his future duties as an engineer under the guidance of a supervisor.
How to proceed?
In accordance with the established procedure, it is necessary to pass the USE onmathematics, physics and the Russian language. The main subject is physics. The victories in the state olympiads give the applicants an advantage at admission. For graduates of previous years, internal introductory tests on the same subjects are provided.
After successfully passing exams and filingdocuments passed the threshold score entrants are enlisted in the ranks of students. Shortly after entering the university, it will be necessary to select a profile ("Safety of technological processes and production", "Labor protection", "Fire safety", etc.), which will be used for training. After completing the undergraduate level, universities invite talented students to take part in master's programs, which involve extensive scientific work.
"Safety of technological processes and productions" - who should work after the diploma?
An engineer who received such an education,is in demand on the labor market, besides it is not limited to the service industry alone. A specialist can get a job at any industrial enterprise, in state organizations for labor protection and in supervisory services.
On an average a year the enterprises of the city need30-40 specialists, which clearly speaks of the urgency of specialization. Every year, organizations are increasingly paying attention to industrial safety, which puts the engineers of the profile "Safety of technological processes and productions" in the ranks of the most sought after. In addition, the specialty assumes the implementation of primarily analytical work.
A number of responsibilities include an engineerprofile "Safety of technological processes and productions". The instruction regulating the work of the technospheric safety officer is developed by each enterprise separately.
The list of duties may include:
- the analysis of possible technospheric accidents and methods of their prevention;
- research of the impact of external factors and natural phenomena on technospheric objects;
- performance of research and development and processing of results;
- search for high-risk objects;
- preparation of projects and design documents for the devices being developed;
- development of rescue methods for emergency situations;
- training of workers in safety measures at work;
- advising and drafting safety instructions;
- Examination of the security of the facility, monitoring and supervision of the state of the means of protection.
"Safety of technological processes andproduction "- a specialty, which implies constant analysis and development of new methods that allow to reduce the number of undesirable incidents.Production safety is the basis for the qualitative activity of industrial enterprises, ensuring the effective work of both personnel and equipment.