Spathiphyllum - female happiness. Growing, caring for a plant
Spathiphyllum (female happiness) belongs to the Aroid family. His closest relatives are Anthurium and Alokaziya. Glossy leaves of this flower arise directly from the soil. They can be oval or pointed, but in any case will serve as a wonderful decoration of the home interior. So what is this flower spathiphyllum? How to care for this plant? This and many other things will be discussed in this article.
The inflorescence of Spathiphyllum is an ear, which is located on a long stem and has a veil at its base. Flowering begins, as a rule, in spring and lasts for several weeks.Spathiphyllum (female happiness) can bloom again, and such a flowering can occur at any time of the year. Over time, the white spathiphyllum flower acquires a greenish or yellowish tinge.Under natural conditions, this flower can be found in tropical latitudes. Its habitat is the forests of Central and South America. But he got accustomed and feels great on our windowsills.
What's in your name
It is not a secret for anyone that the second name of the spathiphyllum is “female happiness”. And it appeared for a reason. Earlier, it was noticed that a wonderful spathiphyllum only blossoms among those who love and are loved. There is also an opinion that this plant brings happiness to unmarried girls. And already those who have found their happiness, gives understanding and harmony in family relationships. There is an opinion that only a woman who is happy in marriage should bring this flower to the house. Although there is an opposite opinion. Allegedly, giving spathiphyllum, and you give your happiness.
Types of spathiphyllum
Spathiphyllum has several species. The most common is the Spathiphyllum of Wallis.He is quite unpretentious and shade-tolerant. Colombia is considered its birthplace. It has a short rhizome, and the rosette is represented by oblong leaves of lanceolate form. But his relative from Brazil - Spathiphyllum heliconifolia has leaves of elliptical shape and wavy along the edges.Spathiphyllum cannolistus, which grows in Thailand and Venezuela, has leaves that are similar in shape to the egg.And besides beauty, it also has a pronounced aroma. And another view from the rainforests of America is the adorable spathiphyllum.Its distinguishing feature is the inflorescence-like bedspread. Thanks to this flower has received another name - flagolite.
The first days after purchase
So, you decided to get a spathiphyllum. How to care for a plant so that it will delight you for a long time with its growth and flowering? Having brought a spathiphyllum to the house, pick up for him to start a place where the direct rays of the sun will not fall. After all, they can cause burns on the tender leaves of the plant. To provide such protection on the windowsill, you can place a thick curtain between the pot and glass. Something like a screen. It must protect the leaves from burns and at the same time provide enough light for plant development. Already on the second day, begin regular spraying, and watering - even from the first. Drying the soil is not permissible. If the plant is in a plastic pot, wait two or three weeks and then transplant the spathiphyllum.
Spathiphyllum at home. Care
In order for the plant to delight you with its beauty and regular flowering, you should properly care for it. One of the most important moments in the care of this flower is the mode of watering. In summer and spring, spathiphyllum should be watered abundantly. Blooming spathiphyllum requires a large amount of moisture. But the "swamp in the pot" will not do him any good either. You should make sure that the land between watering sessions has time to dry out. In winter and autumn, watering is reduced. In the frosty time, abundant watering in combination with a cold sill will certainly lead to root problems. Pay attention to the light. The best option is considered diffused light. And although the spathiphyllum loves bright light very much, the sun's rays are capable of causing great harm to the leaves. The plant is able to withstand the ambient temperature, lowered to thirteen degrees Celsius. But the optimal values of the thermometer for him are sixteen or seventeen degrees above zero. If watering is really abundant, then the upper point of the thermometer can reach twenty-seven degrees of heat without damage to the plant. An important role is played by humidity. She must be tall.It is recommended to install a plant pot on a special tray with water. Water, evaporating, will maintain the level of moisture as needed by the plant.
Fertilizer and dressing
Like any other plant, spathiphyllum needs nutrients. Every spring should be applied to the soil mineral fertilizers. The solution is made at the rate of one and a half grams of top dressing per liter of water. A young plant should be fed every two weeks, and when the growth process stops, once a month is enough. Do not forget also about organic fertilizers. It is possible to feed spathiphyllum in winter, but less often and in much smaller doses.
Spathiphyllum transplantation is performed annually. It is best to carry out such manipulations in the spring. The root system of the plant, growing, fills the space of the pot without a trace, and the flower feels cramped. But, on the other hand, too large a pot prevents the flowering of the spathiphyllum.Replanting the plant, you do not need to shake the earthy lump from the root system. Spathiphyllum is planted in a specially prepared mixture. It consists of equal parts of peat, humus and leaf earth, as well as sand in the volume of half of the part. It is good to add charcoal, crushed brick or tree bark.Only all of these additives in the amount should not exceed ten percent of the total number of planting mixture. When the plant does not grow, that is, it is considered an adult, then it is transplanted every three years, or even five. But to replace the top layer of soil is still better annually.
Spreading plant spathiphyllum you can only by splitting the bush. The most convenient to do it in the process of transplantation. You need to divide the flower very carefully. If in the process you damage its parts, they will not take root. Absolutely all dry or wilted leaves should be removed from each separated part. If, as a result of division, there are no roots in the plot, then the plant should be placed in a container with water. Roots must be formed within three weeks.Planted Spathiphyllum in the ground can be when the roots formed will have a length of at least two centimeters. Each root must have at least three leaves. Planted plant in a pot that does not exceed fifteen centimeters in diameter.
Difficulty in leaving
In the process of growing spathiphyllum, you may encounter some difficulties. Here are the most frequent ones.
Spathiphyllum turns yellow. The cause of yellow leaves and shoots is most often a moisture deficiency. Get into the habit of bathing spathiphyllum every seven days. Water for swimming should be about twenty degrees of heat. In addition to filling with moisture, this bathing perfectly prevents the appearance of pests. If yellowness captures only the tips of the leaves, then it rather indicates that the water used for irrigation is too hard. And if brown spots appeared on the leaves, then you overfed the plant, and it is time to plant it on a diet.
Spathiphyllum suffers - leaves dry. This attack is a result of insufficient humidity in the room.
And it overtakes not only the spathiphyllum, but also other plants. Of course, to fight this is not easy, but possible. It is required to increase the level of this very humidity. Place pallets with water and spray leaves regularly.
What is spathiphyllum silent about? The tips of the foliage turn black. There are several options for the causes of this disease.Check the watering plants. Black tips can cause both insufficient and excessive soil moisture. If everything is adjusted with irrigation, then perhaps this indicates a lack of phosphorus or nitrogen.
Diseases of plants and how to deal with them
One of the most dangerous pests for spathiphyllum is the spider mite. He entangles the leaves, using his web, and they gradually begin to dry. If you find such a pest, you should immediately wash the leaves with a solution of soap. But before that, carefully remove the entire web. Insecticides are also used. After treatment, the flower is bathed in warm water.
Another common pest is aphid. It is usually located on the bottom surface of the sheet. Because of it, the spathiphyllum leaves dry out and curl. To overcome aphid, the plant should be treated with nicotine sulfate. During processing, the soil in the pot should be covered with foil. Unfortunately, aphid requires several treatments.
Also Spathiphyllum (female happiness) can suffer from the scythos or mealybug. Remove the shield using soap and tobacco solution. But to fight with a worm can help infusion of citrus peels, as well as insecticides. If suddenly the treatment with insecticides did not bring the proper result, it is necessary to increase their concentration and repeat the treatment.
If you have read this article to the end, then you must have realized that it is not at all difficult to grow a spathiphyllum (female happiness) on your windowsill.And if you deliberately get down to business, you will get a lot of pleasure from both the process and its results. All that is required to achieve the best result is to observe the irrigation regime, as well as to maintain a sufficient level of humidity in the surrounding air and not to forget to bring in nutrients. The beautiful dense bush covered with white flowers will become the real decoration of your dwelling.