Will Russians give money for doctors and teachers?

The Higher School of Economics has offered the government of the Russian Federation to issue target bonds for the population, the proceeds of which will be used to finance education and medicine.
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The HSE proposals are contained in a response to the report "The main directions of the budget, tax and customs tariff policy for 2019-2021," prepared by the Ministry of Finance. According to scientists, such a measure would allow to bring to the federal budget about 0.5% of GDP. The authors of the document refer to the results of their opinion polls, according to which almost all groups of Russians showed readiness to buy a new financial instrument and thus give money for the development of socially important areas of the economy, RBC reports.
"If in 2011 an additional 2% of their income under such conditions, only every tenth citizen agreed to pay, then in the spring of 2018 - every second (51%). A source in the form of a special national loan for this purpose could bring up to 0.5% of GDP "- say scientists.
The report also notes that an increase in net borrowing by 0.5% of GDP is already envisaged due to the creation of a new budget development fund, which will be used to finance the construction of infrastructure in the next six years, but it is “not aimed specifically at attracting public funds” , reminds HSE. Therefore, in response, it was proposed to increase the domestic public debt not only to finance the construction of infrastructure, but also to invest in education and health care.
“According to HSE estimates, at least 880 billion rubles of additional budgetary funds will be required to achieve the goals of developing education for the next six years, of which 375 billion rubles will be needed to increase the global competitiveness of the higher education system,” the document says.
In addition, HSE experts propose to soften the budget rule - the mechanism for the purchase of currency by the Ministry of Finance for oil revenues more than $ 40 per barrel. Review authors propose to set the cut-off price at $ 45. This will allow raising additional funds to the budget, the report says.
In the Ministry of Finance, the offer of the Higher School of Economics concerning the issue of OFZs was skeptical. The ministry noted that according to the budget code it is possible to issue bonds only in two cases - financing the budget deficit and paying off debt obligations. “Making a“ direct link ”between borrowing and spending on certain goals is incorrect,” the press service of the Ministry of Finance emphasized.
Vladimir Klimanov, director of the Institute of Public Finance Reform of the RANEPA, believes that co-financing of medicine and education by the population actually already exists in the form of a paid education and a large sector of voluntary medical insurance. "If something needs to be streamlined here, then it is not mandatory, although such promises in the health sector sound quite often," he said.
Earlier, the current head of the Accounts Chamber, Aleksey Kudrin, who prepared the country's development strategy for President Vladimir Putin, suggested increasing spending on human capital - primarily on education and health care. In particular, Kudrin proposed to increase budget expenditures on education from 3.5% to 4.4% of GDP, on health care - from 3.1% to 4% of GDP, on infrastructure - from 2.5% to 3% of GDP.
Federal loan bonds for the public were launched in April 2017. Papers were issued for a period of 3 years, and their face value was equal to 1 thousand rubles. The volume of the first issue amounted to 15 billion rubles.
The proposal of HSE experts is assessed by the doctor of economics, professor, head of the Accounting, Analysis and Audit department of the Higher School of Economics and Management of South Ural State University Irina Prosvirina (Chelyabinsk): “I think the representative of the Ministry of Finance expressed the most balanced position on this issue. Loans for specific needs are not allowed by law, world practice also does not support such solutions. <...> In addition, any additional requisitions will be regarded by the population as an increase in cash I do not think that our government needs it now, immediately after the growth of VAT.
And another argument: the population spends an increasingly large part of their income on education and medicine. <...> I am sure that this task needs to be solved not at the expense of internal reserves from cuts in defense and police expenses, but at the expense of internal reserves in education and medicine itself. These reserves are there. "
Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of State and Municipal Administration of Kursk State University, Aleksey Belostotsky, considers the initiative reasonable, but difficult to implement in the existing situation. In his opinion, it would be more efficient to find money from big business: "The practice of borrowing money from the population is often used in different countries to solve various financial problems of the state. It happens that this approach brings its results - in this sense in modern realities HSE is not without sense. But I agree with the opinion of a number of experts that, firstly, we already have a fairly large sector of paid medical and educational services and, secondly, the burden on the population is now sufficient very high. <...>
I believe that in order to solve such large-scale tasks as the fulfillment of the May decrees, which are estimated at 8 trillion rubles, it would be more expedient at present to attract funds from state-owned companies and large businesses rather than solve public problems at the expense of the population. "
Well, something like this.
The full version of the material with detailed comments of experts can be read here.
Agenda, trends, opinions, exclusive. Informally on the Telegram-channel "Davydov.Indeks".

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