On the topic of monarchists in the USSR (2)
Leonid and Olga Tikhomirov. "Portrait of Soloukhin, VA", 1967-70. Right: golden royal pyatirublevik. This coin with the profile of Tsar Nicholas II, framed in a ring, Solouhin from the mid-60s began to wear on your finger
Another type of monarchists operating in the USSR (which was already discussed in the community) was monarchists disguised. And, perhaps, it was the most numerous and most dangerous part of the Soviet (or rather, of course, anti-Soviet) monarchists, which was dangerous for the existing system. A typical representative of this category was the writer Vladimir Soloukhin (1924-1997). My attention, then a schoolboy, he first attracted when in the collection of his works, I read an article (still 1964) "Let's look for a word." In it, he put forward the scandalous idea of restoring the "sir" and "madam" in everyday life. His argument was interesting. He wrote: “The word“ comrade ”, serving remarkably in most cases of our life, sometimes cannot fulfill the function of direct conversion. In addition, sometimes I can doubt whether I’m a comrade (from a party, from a communist point of view) person to whom I appeal.The old woman, a kind of God dandelion, probably a passionate devotee. Well, what is she comrade? ".
That is, we note, he absolutely motivated the “communist point of view” with an absolutely reactionary proposal. And so he had everything at that time ... But let's talk about his monarchism.
He himself told the corresponding glorious episode of his biography as follows (it was about the same years when he offered to “search for the word”): “In one, I don’t know if it’s a beautiful day I started wearing a golden ring on my ring finger of my left hand. He was all gold, because I made him a jeweler from a five-ruble royal coin, setting it in a gold bezel. Such a coin used to be so simply called “gold” ... I wore this ring for two years as if nothing had happened, a rustle gradually began. In the Writers' Union, in the Central House of Writers, in different margins about "Solouhin Nicholas II on the finger is" Leonid Leonov, hearing about the ring, supposedly he said: "I do not approve, but delighted!" ".
V. Soloukhin in the 60s with a "royal" ring on his finger
His ring was embodied in painting
Apparently, Mr. Soloukhin sensitively caught the winds that sank in those years: that "people need to be softer nowadays, and look at questions more widely". And he led, calling things with their names, frank monarchist propaganda.The most piquant moment was that at that time the party membership card of the Communist Party was in the pocket of the newly-minted "servant to the king, father of soldiers". But not all Soloukhin's behavior was admired. Poet Stepan Shchipachev wrote a poem "Ring". Here it is:
(The case is undoubtedly the only and inexplicable)
This, believe not believe
but the fact is not to think of this:
there is a ring on the finger not with a stone -
with the face of Nicholas II,
Perhaps bravado is it?
I do not know, honestly speaking.
The coin is set in the ring:
On gold is the king's stupidity.
Putting the fingers wide open
heavy male hands,
the owner wouldn't mind
I want to ask him
seriously (do not sharpen lyasy):
Surely you are in the soul of Russia
Where is the king and the hunters?
Where it comes from
It is known you love the old days,
keep saying this without getting tired.
I, too, to her heart flax,
admiring the beauty of Suzdal.
Only Russia is not a haircut under the bracket.
Without her words
loved Lazo, Mayakovsky.
Kalinin, Dzerzhinsky, Sverdlov.
And my road is not with Rasputin,
and the one that came up with satellites.
Yuri Gagarin and Stepan Shchipachev. 1961
"Sir" is, of course, a small hairpin about the previous restoration "inventions" of Mr. Soloukhin. The logical continuation of which was the ring on the finger with the profile of the king.
Already in the post-Soviet period, Mr. Soloukhin commented on Shchipachev's verses with a sneer: "Oh, Step, Step! You lived in the world for more than seventy years, but you did not understand anything." But, of course, Soloukhin himself was not so "naive" ...
And on January 16, 1968, the behavior of "Communist (ha, ha!) Comrade Soloukhin" became the subject of litigation at the reporting and electoral meeting of the writing organization. From the transcript:
"V. A. SUTYRIN: <...> Or - a case of a completely different kind. History is unprecedented and unprecedented in the party environment. One of the members of our party organization stubbornly wears a ring on his hand with the image of the last king from the house of Romanov, made During the last six weeks, the party committee tried to invite this member of the party to understand the reasons for such an absurd, downright unique behavior for a communist,in order to impress on him the simplest thought of the complete biological incompatibility of the party ticket and the ring with the image of the king, murdered by the cursed Bolsheviks. Nevertheless, both times Comrade. Soloukhin (and you, of course, guessed who he was talking about) declined to meet with us under circumstances that make his motives completely disrespectful. "
In response, Soloukhin read out his letter, which he wrote in the summer, having learned about the poem Shchipachyov:
“Dear comrades! Living in the summer months in the village and receiving Moscow mail late, I could not attend the last party meeting of writers. However, it dawned on me that at this meeting the poet Stepan Shchipachev read a poem dedicated to a man wearing a ring with the image of Nicholas II. Since I am sure that hardly anyone wears a similar ring, besides me, I consider it necessary to explain its origin and the meaning of its wearing by me. My grandmother Vasilisa gave her daughter, and my future mother a gold coin worth 5 rubles in 1900 so that my mother in turn would give it to one of her sons or daughters of her choice. Stepanida Ivanovna from ten children chose me.She handed me a coin with a mandate that I always carry it with me when I went into the army in August 1942. Of course, it is ridiculous for a twentieth-century man to utter these words, but the coin acquired in our family the character of a peculiar talisman. Since then, torment began for me. First, I was afraid of losing a coin, for it is thin, slippery, small. Carry in a wallet? But I have lost three to four wallet in my life. Carry in your pocket? Even worse. Sew on clothes? But the costumes wear out and have to be thrown away from time to time. Secondly, it was necessary to remember, changing the day suit to the evening one, so as not to forget to shift the coin. While traveling abroad, I noticed that there very often gold coins are set in rings. This gave me an idea that seemed happy. One Moscow jeweler for fifteen rubles inserted a coin into the ring. Some of my torments ended - now I was not afraid to lose my mother's mascot, but others began to suffer. Everyone comes up and asks: why am I wearing a ring? And is there any other meaning in it, isn’t it politics here? I want to say that there is no political motive in wearing my ring.I want to say that grandmother Vasilisa and my mother Stepanida Ivanovna, passing this coin to each other, least of all thought that it is depicted. For them, it was a measure of heavy peasant labor, a concentration of it. In a five-gram coin that turned out to be in a peasant hut, tons of sweat are compressed ... My mother died in May of this year. She can't free me from the word. I can't throw the ring. This is the only thing left of my mother. ”
Later, Soloukhin himself explained: "That was my official version of wearing a ring, which I then firmly supported wherever I had to give explanations." What were the real reasons? "This is not the place to talk about the motives, or rather, about the depth of the motives ... Perhaps this, to be understood, would require confession on dozens and hundreds of pages." That is, the touching story about Stepanida's testament to the mother and "tons of peasant sweat", allegedly enclosed in a gold coin with the profile of a king, was an ordinary linden. Nevertheless, the assembly, having devoured the writer, obediently swallowed everything.
"I smoothly and quickly presented my version of the mother gold coin, and the reaction of the audience began.Marietta S. Shahinyan, sitting in the front row and holding a hearing aid in her hand, shouted:
- And I believe him, and I believe him! ".
From the transcript:
"A. A. SURKOV: Everything that you wrote - I read. And from what I read, you look like a smart and rather thin person. Didn't your explanation seem to be some concentration of naivety?
V. A. Soloukhin: I could not think of anything else — I said how it really was. Maybe it is stupid and naive.
POSITION: How do you combine a talisman and a party ticket?
V. A. Soloukhin: Previously, party members were not supposed to wear wedding rings, now party members wear wedding rings and sell them in the wedding palace. "
Writer Arkady Vasilyev told Soloukhin after the meeting, as he said: “Wear it if you want. But you wear two profiles at the same time: on the finger is Nicholas II profile, and on the party card ... So choose one of them, please ... . "
Reasonable, isn't it? And quite liberally: if you want to be a monarchist and decorate yourself with the gold profiles of the king - decorate, but only - outside the communist party. But the fact of the matter is that Mr. Soloukhin wanted to combine both pleasures. Total? Yes, there was no result.Soloukhin: "The solemn removal of the ring on the podium still did not take place." That is, Vladimir Alekseevich came down from the tribune of the party meeting, still as victoriously shining with a gold ring with the face of the emperor, as he ascended on it.
INSTEAD OF AMBASSADING
In the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Vladimir Alekseevich Soloukhin consisted until 1990. In the USSR, his books were published in a total circulation of several million copies. In 1990, Soloukhin left the CPSU and became famous for the brochure “Reading Lenin”, in which he acted as an anti-Communist and an opponent of Lenin.
March 24, 1996 the rescript "Her Imperial Majesty the Grand Duchess Empress Maria Vladimirovna" Soloukhin Vladimir Alekseevich granted hereditary nobility. The document says: “they considered it to be a blessing in rewarding merit in favor of the Fatherland”.
During the talent of V. A. Soloukhin, the title of hereditary nobleman. Rewarding produces "Grand Duchess Empress Maria Vladimirovna"
One of the books of V. A. Soloukhin, the "exposing" V. I. Lenin
The plaque on the house where he lived V. A.