Mandarins: the benefits and harm, properties
Mandarin - an evergreen shrub tree from the genus of citrus. not able to live in the wild. The Japanese, recognizing more in the XII century, than useful tangerines, cultivated them. China is considered the birthplace of tangerine wood. From there it gradually settled in the lands of Egypt, the Mediterranean, India, Korea, China, Brazil and the Caucasus.
Origins of the name
Two versions are associated with the origin of the name of the plant. In ancient times, only Japanese grandees ate them — tangerines. Hence the name of these citrus. Europeans, bathing in abundance, the use of mandarins opened only in the XVIII century. Bright orange fruits with a delicate pleasant aroma, becoming a symbol of wealth, personified wealth and luxury of people enjoying their taste.
According to another, less publicized version, the echoes of Spanish roots are laid in the name of the fruit. The translation of the word "Mandarin" sounds like "easy to clean." And indeed it is. In traditional varieties, the skin can be easily separated from the pulp.But in hybrids, on the contrary, the flesh is covered with durable, difficult to remove the peel.
The chemical composition of the fruit
The unique chemical composition possess tangerines. Their benefits and harms are due to the vitamin-mineral complex and biologically active components that saturate the flesh and rind of bright fruits. Mandarins are a unique combination of proteins and sugars, fats and carbohydrates, dietary fiber and organic acids, water and ash.
They concentrated the B vitamins, ascorbic, nicotinic and folic acid, tocopherol. They are enriched with choline, iron, beta-cryptoxanthin, rubidium, molybdenum, cobalt and boron. Mandarins are a concentration of magnesium, silicon, calcium and potassium. Their fruits are a storehouse of pectins, mineral salts, glycosides, beta-sitosterol, phytoncids, flavonoids and hesperidin.
The peel includes an essential oil saturated with alpha-limonene, aldehydes, citral, alcohols and anthranilic acid methyl ester, giving the citrus fruit a peculiar taste and aroma. Such a rare set of biologically active substances determines the properties of mandarin.Peel, taken from the fruit, is a great alternative to orange peels. It produces medicines, extracts, syrups and extracts.
The benefits of tangerine fruit
These citrus fruits are characterized by antiseptic and antiemetic properties. They are used as antiparasitic and hemostatic agents. They are endowed with mucaltic, immunomodulatory and regenerating effects.
The combination of vitamins belonging to group B and ascorbic acid helps to strengthen the blood vessels, prevents aging of the cells, has a sedative effect on the nerves, and has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the endocrine and cardiovascular systems.
Rubidium controls the muscles that form the nervous system and digestive organs. The element helps to protect the body, prevents outbreaks of inflammatory processes.
What is useful tangerines for men? They have a beneficial effect on potency. Substances included in their composition, suppress sexual dysfunction. Beta cryptoxanthin, which is contained in high concentrations, has a positive effect on the respiratory organs, joints and ligaments.
Fruits enriched with phenol compounds dilute sputum and increase the outflow of mucus. Cobalt provides regulation of the pancreas, strengthens the immune system and helps to avoid anemia.
Anti-cancer, antihistamine and rejuvenating effect of tangerines
Folic acid, concentrated in orange fruits, stimulates the liver, digestive system and brain, rejuvenates cells. Thanks to the fruits of these citrus fruits, nails and hair are strengthened.
Rubidium, found in fruits, has an antihistamine effect. Therefore, mandarins, if they cause in some cases allergy, it proceeds in a mild form. The strength of allergic reactions is weakened due to inhibition of histamine receptors.
Doctors claim that tangerines have antitumor effects. The beneficial properties of folic acid can significantly reduce the risk of oncology of the mammary glands and ovaries. High concentrations of beta cryptoxanthin are an obstacle to the onset of lung cancer.
Recovery of metabolic processes
Molybdenum, which is part of the mandarins, normalizes metabolic processes in the human body. This trace element promotes the absorption of iron.It acts as a barrier that prevents anemia.
Antitoxic properties have tangerines, the benefits and harms of which are established by scientists. The use of fruit pulp contributes to the removal of toxins from the body. This citrus is very effective if alcohol intoxication or sulfide poisoning occurs.
Despite the fact that bright fruits contain a decent amount of sugars, they are not excluded from the diet of those who are burdened with diabetes. Substances that saturate them, so enter into metabolic processes that the use of mandarins leads to a decrease in the concentration of sugar in the blood.
Tangerines for losing weight
People who control body weight, use tangerines, the benefits and harms of which have long been known. Citrus low-calorie, they are well absorbed. Their fruits are rich in fiber, which suppresses hunger. Fruits, normalizing the balance of substances and removing the liquid, accelerate the reduction of overweight.
There are two scenarios for weight loss using mandarins. Some people prefer fasting days, the basis of which is the fruit of mandarins. Others resort to a tangerine diet.
Tangerines, useful properties are widely used in the preventive and medical purposes.which are concentrated not only in the pulp, but also in the crusts. In tangerine peel concentrated many useful components. They are enriched with carotenoids. They have a considerable amount of antiseptic components. They are saturated with antioxidants and essential oils. Crusts suppress flatulence. They are used in the presence of dry cough and dysbiosis.
Infusions of tangerine peels useful to drink during diseases that have a cold nature. They help with various sore throats, stress and depression. Under their action, tachycardia retreats, pressure decreases, insomnia disappears.
Juice, pressed from the tangerine fruit, is an excellent preventive and drug. They drink it with bronchitis and asthma. The drink is used to increase appetite and normalize digestion. With its help improve the secretion of gastric juice and metabolic processes. It is good for dealing with colds. Tangerine juice is an excellent antidepressant. Thanks to him the mood rises.
The oil is extracted from the crusts of ripe fruit. It is saturated with volatile esters. Oil, preventing the appearance of stretch marks, strengthens the skin. It is used to raise immunity, relieve insomnia and muscle pain. With it, detoxify, stimulate appetite, calm over-excited nervous system.
About the dangers of tangerines
Since they contain a large number of bioactive substances mandarins, their benefits and harm are in the same row. Not always and not all are useful, these rich orange citrus. They are contraindicated in peptic ulcers, gastritis, nephritis and cholecystitis. With excessive use of the fruit, the functions of blood formation sometimes stop, the erythrocytes are destroyed, which is fatal.
Proven harm mandarins for any type of hepatitis and allergies provoked by citrus. Fruits easily accumulate harmful substances. Uncontrolled consumption of them causes unpredictable consequences. For example, a surplus of rubidium, which are enriched in tangerines, leads to intoxication of the body.