M. Yu. Lermontov, "Mtsyri": analysis of the work
The article will talk about the analysis of "Mtsyri". This is a work that is being studied at school. It is very useful for children, as it allows you to look at many things from the other side. In the article we will analyze the history and try to draw conclusions.
History of creation
Before talking about the analysis of "Mtsyri", let's talk about the history of creation. The idea of the author appeared in 1831. Then the 17-year-old Lermontov thought a lot about the fate of his friend's monk, who was languishing in a monastery. Also, the young creator was influenced by the impressions that he received after visiting the Caucasus and having become acquainted with his folklore. By the way, for the first time there he was still in early childhood with his grandmother. Traveling along the roads of the Caucasus, Lermontov met an old man.
He lived in a monastery and told his story. The monk told how he was captured in his childhood, and he had to live in a monastery. He attempted to flee more than once since he was a highlander and wanted to return to his interesting life.However, these attempts ended in failure, and he returned to the walls of the monastery. Finally, he became very sick and aged, but he was already painfully attached to one monk. Thus, he decided to lead a more relaxed lifestyle and get used to his fate. Lermontov heard this story and decided to remember it, only to modify it a little.
Note that the date of the poem is 1839. It means that this year the author completed his work. A year later it was printed. By the way, the draft version was called “Bury”, which means “monk” in Georgian. But "mtsyri" means "novice." We also note that the analysis of the work “Mtsyri”, which will be presented below, conveys not only the surface outline of history, but also its deep meaning. The subject of such a struggle of man with circumstances is a favorite with Lermontov. He greatly appreciated this work and read it aloud more than once.
Creative method and genre
Note that the genre of the poem was a favorite for Lermontov. In all, he wrote about thirty poems, of which he published only three. These works of the author were complex in nature, often represented the ideals of heroes and lyrical worldview.Thus, Lermontov painted a psychological portrait of the person not only remotely and from the outside, but in the thick of all the events. By the way, let's not forget that in the 1930s, the main object of the image was a person who is confronted with the world, and the emerging romantic conflicts. Considering all the characteristics of the poem described by us, it can be noted that there are lyrical notes in it too.
Analysis of Lermontov's poem “Mtsyri” shows the present contradiction between the harsh reality and ideals. For this, the author uses symbolic images and confession narrative.
Consider the image of the mtsyri. He has a solid character and romantic features. Through confession, we can understand his inner world and psychology. Note that the epigraph is the key to understanding this work. Lermontov quoted a phrase from a biblical legend, in which his son violated his father’s ban not to eat until the evening.
Analysis of the poem “Mtsyri” by Lermontov shows that there is a lot of common sense and figurativeness here. Definitions and interpretations are very diverse, but they are all rational.In addition, each of them expresses a certain part of the Lermontov plan.
We consider the story of a man who perishes from the thirst for life in an otherwise monastery. By the way, in this work Lermontov expressed his attitude towards the war in the Caucasus and the fate of many young people. Thus, we understand that the poem is not just figurative - it directly concerns the contemporaries of the author. At the same time, he very harmoniously combines the image of the Motherland and Freedom into a single whole. The main character for the sake of his native land is ready to give up all the blessings. The desire to leave the walls of the monastery and escape to freedom condemns the martyr to loneliness. He has to make difficult choices, and he cannot reconcile in himself two beginnings. All themes that were touched upon in the work characterize M. Lermontov himself in one way or another.
Analysis of the poem “Mtsyri” shows that it is full of rebellious pathos. In all speeches and monologues one can hear the voice of a person who feels his own fortitude and confidence. According to some critics, mtsyri is an ideal for M. Lermontov himself.
However, in the modern world, the philosophical meaning of the poem, and not rebellious pathos, manifests itself much brighter. Monastic society is far from the highlander, it is alien to him.That is why he wants to return to his cultural environment, which is close to him, but breaking the bonds with the monks is not so easy. A piece of art consists of the struggle of man for his will. The hero is ready for anything in the struggle for freedom, his ideals and loyalty, even if defeat is coming.
The nature of the conflict
Analysis of the work “Mtsyri” by Lermontov focuses exclusively on the romantic aspect. The conflict of the protagonist and the monks is not just a story, it is a deep internal problem. That is why the author often uses images of wind, earth, birds, animals. In addition, there are even invisible forces that express the very fate. Contemporaries of the author noted that his hero is gripped by some unthinkable force, passion, forcing him to act against the order accepted in society.
This is a very close and characteristic motif in M. Lermontov's creative work, which consists in the struggle between the inner world and the cruel reality. We observe how the mountaineer dreams of freedom, of flight, what plans he has for the future. But the tragedy of the main character lies in the fact that he is torn between the strength of the spirit and the weakness of the body.
Plot and composition
And what else can be said about the analysis of “Mtsyri” of Lermontov? In short, it is based on a romantic story. However, the image of the monastery does not symbolize Lermontov’s protest against the faith. However, the author believed that for real faith, walls, black clothes and scant food are not needed. It’s enough to be human and live by following your heart.
It should be noted that the poem consists of 26 chapters. In some of them, the main character acts not only as a hero, but as a storyteller.
The maximally revealed psychology of the hero in the form of confession, which allows you to feel all his senses. Before this, there is a small author's digression, which allows the reader to pay attention to the historical background of the events described. The plot begins with the scene of an escape during a thunderstorm from the monastery. Then we observe a fight with a leopard, which is the culmination. In this case, the compositional structure is closed, since the action begins and ends in the monastery. Thus, the author focused on the fate of fate.
Analysis of the poem "Mtsyri" allows you to reveal the image of a rebel hero who is not inclined to semitones and half measures. Such characters are very deep and complex, they require special psychological study.Despite this, the personality of the highlander is whole and free, he is not at the mercy of any fears or thoughts. But at the same time, for Lermontov, “Mtsyri” was rather a symbol in which he embodied his ideas about what a person should be and how it should be. We are watching a man who, at any opportunity, is ready to start a fight and defend his interests, even if in the end he will get just a sip of freedom.
The analysis of “Mtsyri” by Lermontov allows us to understand that in fact the author and the hero are very close, and the epigraph is a revelation of the author. The poem delights, as it miraculously combines the voices of the hero and the author, as well as the beautiful Caucasian nature. Poetic imagery helps the correct understanding of history, the most important of which is the thunderstorm. It expresses not just the manifestation of nature, but the real punishment of God.
Analysis of Lermontov's poem shows that the author is happy to use the means of artistic expression. His favorite technique is comparison. Thanks to him, he emphasizes the image of the mountaineer, comparing it with a reed or mountains. Also, thanks to the comparison, we can understand the dreaminess of the main character.This artistic device allows you to feel how close it is with nature and how far from the world of people.
The analysis of “Mtsyri” was conducted by us in order to understand the significance of this work. It should be said that Lermontov is the largest representative of not only Russian, but also world romanticism. Almost all of his works are determined by romantic pathos. He continued the best traditions of his previous authors. He revealed his poetic talent as much as possible in the poem “Mtsyri”. Analysis of the work allowed us to see that the author himself has the lofty ideals to which he aspires. Also note that this poem inspired many generations of creative people.
Summing up the article, I would like to say that the analysis of the poem is an interesting, fascinating process, which makes one think about the eternal values and values of the person himself, regardless of the circumstances. Not every person is capable of such strength of mind, and, probably, it is very difficult to acquire this ability, so you need to be born. However, this is still an unfair statement, because sometimes life allows a person to get rid of too much and show his will.