Ирга: grades for Moscow suburbs. Irga on the garden plot
How often does the Irga meet at dachas ... Sorts for the suburbs are suitable for almost everyone, the benefit of the berry is not choosy. This bush of the Rosaceae family is known by different names, but the essence of this does not change. He is equally loved by children and birds. Over time, the overgrown bush starts to take up a lot of space, which is not too good for a small site. But this defect is compensated by a huge harvest of tasty blue berries. But it is worthwhile to take in the hands of scissors, and the tree obediently turns into a beautifully shaped ball or cube; so you can make a charming fence that will delight you with a harvest. So, the topic of our conversation is the irga and its varieties. Let's get started!
Advantages and disadvantages
This should be understood, if you decide, you needWhether on your site of an irga. Varieties for the Moscow region - all as one - very tenacious and prolific. They will not wither in the hottest summer and will not freeze to a severe winter, and from spring until autumn they will carefully occupy your site with young growth. Therefore, you need to remember that you need to monitor your garden. And watering and top dressing play not the first role, most importantly - to restrain the growth of irgi, to form its crown and to form a docked in a row bushes. But with the shoots will be more difficult, it will still get out, no matter how much you destroy it.
However, many gardeners still want them to grow an irga. Varieties for the Moscow region are surprisingly durable and hardy plants, which, no matter what, will yield.
Spring in the garden
About two weeks after the appearance of the greenleaflets produces tender-silvery flowers of the irga. Varieties for the suburbs are famous for early harvests, and fragrant flowers feed many insects. The variety of species considered by us does not differ, usually it is either a round-leaved or a horny irga, although there are many more. And everyone is more or less productive, and also differs in shape and size. However, if you re-plant a plot with fruit bushes and trees, then for sure you will be interested to learn about these varieties a little more.
Since we are limited to the scope of the article, we noteOnly the best varieties of Irgi for the Moscow region. The first one wants to consider the Canadian variety, which has high decorative properties. The bush has a natural rounded shape with drooping branches. The plant is especially beautiful in the flowering period. By the way, Irgu can be grown as a bush or as a tree, it all depends on your skills. In the first case, it turns into a luxurious shrub up to 6 meters high. Keep in mind that the erga in the garden area should be available for harvesting, so it makes sense to form a shrub lower. Thin drooping shoots are beautiful at the time of flowering: they are literally strewn with white flowers. And then they become completely blue with berries.
We continue to consider what kind of an Irga is. Types and care are not too different, but there are certain features characteristic of each variety. This variety without trimming grows to three meters. It grows practically on all territory of Russia, perfectly fructifies and in Moscow suburbs. The leaves are oval, dentate. It is characterized by good yield, as well as remarkable stability. It is even especially difficult to withdraw from the site.
It is a multi-barrel shrub, its height is up to 4meters. The leaves are round, in autumn they are painted yellow. The flowers are white, with a faint scent. The fruits are purple, very sweet and fairly large. Can give up to 10 kg of berries per season, which can be attributed to good results. The tree itself is unpretentious, resistant to various diseases. Very similar to her other species, under the name of Irga blood-red. It is a shrub up to 3 meters high. His leaves and flowers are oblong, the berries are sweet, dark, very pleasant to the taste.
Large-fruited varietal plants
The work of breeders does not stand still, and todayat exhibitions such kinds and kinds of irgi, as Alytaglou are shown. Its peculiarity is the fruit of white color. Another good variety for the suburbs is large-fruited Forestburg and very fragrant Pembina. Other types of irgi are also exhibited at the exhibitions, which are distinguished by record-breaking large berries: Munlake, Nelson, Slate, Regan and others. We will not elaborate on the specifics of caring for them, since the opportunity to purchase these plants is still very small. Usually in shops old, kind, checked grades are on sale.
Care of the bush
Have you decided to put an Irgu on your dacha site? What a good grade to choose, you can ask in the next issue of "Summerman". Most often there will be presented only the above listed varieties. By the way, they can be borrowed for free from neighbors, because the Irga grows very much. This is a very unpretentious plant that will tolerate even the harshest frosts.
However, it also has its own requirements for the conditionscontent. Irga will survive in any conditions, but it shows the maximum yield on fertile, loamy soil. The plant loves well-lit places, but it will grow even in complete shade. Quietly refers to drought. An excellent design idea can be the planting of Irgi along fences. This will give him special decorative, especially if you beautifully cut bushes.
Planting of a bush
Plant Irg can be both in spring and in autumn. In this case, choose seedlings that have reached the age of 1-2 years, because the fruit from the younger will have to wait long enough. The well for one plant should be at least 80 cm in diameter. After planting, do not forget to water abundantly the seedling. It remains to blush the ground around - and you can leave the plant alone. It takes root almost immediately, it is for this quality that many gardeners are fond of the igra. Care and breeding are intuitively simple. The only thing that will be required for a good harvest is regular watering.
To make the plant look good and notblocked too much useful area of a site, but thus it was convenient to you to collect a berry, it is necessary to make regularly a pruning. First of all, you need to make the bush as strong as possible. He will need care in the form of cutting old trunks, removing long and weak branches, as well as cutting damaged shoots. To emphasize the decorative effect of planting, it is possible to form an Irgu as a multi-stem bush. For this you need to leave only strong shoots, and weak ones to cut. This will require compliance with a number of rules. In the first three years of plant life, leave all strong shoots, then annually monitor their numbers, leaving a new one at the site of the remote one. A fully formed bush consists of 10-15 branches of different ages. After that, care will consist of an autumn examination, removal of broken branches and excess shoots. If you see that the growth and fruiting of the bush worsens, then once in 4 years you can make a rejuvenating procedure, that is, cut off the entire 2-4-year-old shoot.
If you have enough time, you cantry to grow the Irg from the seeds. To do this, you need to collect ripe berries, choose seeds from them and wash them from the pulp. Immediately after washing (preferably in September), seeds should be sown in the soil. They will shoot for the next year or in a year.
However, it is much easier to usevegetative methods. Most often propagate the plant root shoots. What is needed for this? Dig out the shoots and select seedlings 10-15 cm long, with well-developed roots. An excellent result is shown by those whose thickness of shoots is from 0.5 cm and more. Plant them vertically. For such seedlings you need constant care in the form of abundant watering. Young bushes of Irgi can be propagated by division, but for old plantings this method does not fit. You can also use the cuttings. To do this, cut the annual growth of 12-15 cm. After cutting, the material should be planted in a greenhouse. If the air is sufficiently moist, soon the roots will appear, and in a month it will be possible to plant young seedlings. However, no more than 20% of the total number of cuttings will give roots.
For the harvest to please you every year, you needfeed your plant. For this you can use organic fertilizer (manure) in the fall and mineral fertilizers in the spring. Like all fruit trees, the igra is very responsive to fertilizing, as when growing a large number of berries a large amount of nutrients is expended. If the soil is very poor, then the bush will discard some of the fruits, and those that remain will be shallow, and there will be less useful micronutrients in them.
Pests and diseases
Irga rarely suffers from diseases, most often onlyslightly affected by leaf-eating insects, which do not cause special harm. Birds cause much more damage to the harvest - they are very fond of eating berries. However, usually a bush of irgi gives so much fruit, that will suffice both to you, and feathered friends. If the bush is small, you can tighten it with a grid to make it difficult for birds to get to the berries.
If you notice stains on the leaves of the irgi, similar toon rust, then this is a clear sign of a fungal disease. With monilieniasis, the fruit is brown rot, and the harvest will be ruined. Nectric necrosis of the cortex leads to shrinkage of shoots and branches, which can contribute to the death of the entire bush. In addition, it is not uncommon to defeat irgi with a gray tinder, which causes a white, fibrous, putrid plaque on the trunks of the old irgi. To protect your garden, it is necessary to make timely treatment with insecticides and antifungal agents. One procedure in the early spring will help to avoid all these problems, which means that you will safely enjoy delicious and healthy berries.