How to call the command line? Run command line
The following article will highlight three main ways to invoke the command line in any version of the Windows operating system. Recommendations will be made on the practical use of a particular method.
In what cases may be needed?
When personal computers were running the MS-DOS operating system, the question of how to invoke the command prompt was not an urgent question. At that time, the user worked with the PC using a specific set of commands, each of which was responsible for a strictly defined action. For example, the “format a:” command allowed you to completely format a 3.5-inch diskette. Such an organization of management has one major drawback: to perform operations, it is necessary to remember and know a lot of commands. To solve this problem, Microsoft, in its later operating systems, has visualized the interface.As a result, it became enough to hover the pointer over the desired object and perform certain actions. But not all operations are performed in this way. For example, the “PING” command allows you to test the state of a local computer network, check its operability, and this can be done only through the command line. Also, using this component of the OS, you can format any drive. Yes, and the functioning of various DOS-applications in another way impossible to organize in the latest versions of Windows operating systems.
There are the following options for invoking the command line:
Using the start menu.
Using a special set of keys.
With the use of "Explorer".
It is in this sequence that the ways of solving this problem will be further considered and the one that is best applied in practice will be chosen.
The easiest command line launch is based on the use of the Start button. But not all operating systems from Microsoft have such an interface element. For example, Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 can not boast of its presence. As a result, this method is no longer applicable for them.
The algorithm for solving this problem in this case is:
Push the start button. This can be done using the left key of the manipulator, and using the corresponding button on the keyboard (it shows the OS logo).
In the list that opens, select the item "All Programs". This operation can also be performed using the keyboard (use the arrow keys with the arrows and press at the end of the Enter) or using the paddle (we move the pointer and press its left button).
In a similar way, select the item "Service".
In the next step, select "Command Line".
We use the keyboard
More complicated than using the Start menu is a method that is based on the use of a keyboard. In this case, you must remember one key combination. But, on the other hand, this method is the most universal and works on all versions of the operating system, including 8 and 8.1. And the order of its implementation is:
Switch the input language to English.
In the next step, we hold down the Win key (with the Microsoft operating system logo) and, without releasing it, click on the English letter R. The Run window will open.
We translate the cursor into the input field of this window using the manipulator.
We type the command “CMD” and press Enter.
After that, the corresponding window will open and you can enter command line commands into it.
This is the most difficult way to start. Perform the following steps:
We start in any convenient way "Explorer". This can be done using the Win and English E keyboard shortcuts or by pressing the manipulator pointer on its icon from the desktop.
In the window that opens, in the right column, go to the disk with the operating system (usually, this is “C:”).
Next, go to the folder "Windows", and in it we find the directory "System32".
At the final stage in the open directory you need to find a file called “CMD.EXE” and start it by double-clicking the left button of the manipulator.
In the future, an already familiar window will open in which you can enter command line commands. Alternatively, you can use the address bar of the explorer and type in the previously listed path. But this is not very convenient, because you need to constantly remember an impressive set of characters.
Now let's say a few words about how to find out the complete internal list of commands.The command line allows you to solve this problem easily and simply. To do this, simply enter the word "help" and press the Enter key. A complete list of internal commands will appear in response. That is, those that are built into the shell of the MS-DOS operating system emulation. There are also external commands. These are not only command line programs, but alsoany other Windows application. In this case, go to the directory where the program is installed, using the command “CD directory name”. For example, we need to run the program soffice.exe, located in the Program files directory on drive D. In this case, the sequence of commands is:
C: \ D: / * go to partition D of the hard disk * /.
D: \ CD Program Files / * go to the Program Files directory * /.
D: \ Program Files \ soffice.exe / * launch the soffice.exe application * /.
At the end of each line, do not forget to press Enter - confirmation of actions performed. On the right, flash dashes are limited comments that explain what is being done.
Which option is better?
Within this material, three main ways of how to invoke the command line in Windows operating systems are described. From the standpoint of simplicity and universality in practice, it is best to use the second one, which is based on a special combination of keys and the use of the “Run” window. This method works in all versions of the OS.Yes, and in its implementation it is necessary to make the minimum number of manipulations. Its only drawback is to remember the special key combination Win + R. But it is not so difficult. In addition, the Win button is used in many other combinations, for example, if you press the English E along with it, the "Explorer" will start. Thus, this method is recommended for use in practice. Good luck!