Horsetail marsh: description, properties
Horsetail marsh got its name because of the resemblance to And the translation of the word into modern Russian sounds like “hair”, “bristle”, “tail”, “horse”.
Horsetail marsh has a branched rhizome with nodules, which accumulate nutrients. Stems can be from 15 to 50 centimeters in height. They are straight, green, single or branched. A few branches are usually directed upwards. Education dispute falls in June-July.
The plant belongs to the horsetail family. This also includes horsetails of the swamp, field, forest, wintering. All these perennials have common characteristics. For example, they have branched creeping rhizome. Plant stems are composed of knots and hollow internodes.
The leaves of the horsetail are modified; they form a ring at the base, which is located on the stem node.
Despite the large number of common features, plant species differ from each other. For example, marsh horsetail: how to distinguish from the field?
The difference will consist primarily in the fact that plants grow in different natural communities. Horsetail marsh grows along the banks of reservoirs, in wet meadows, in wetlands. Horsetail prefers fields with crops of cultivated plants, dry meadows.
Different places of growth of these types of horsetail affect the chemical composition of plants.
Regions of distribution
Horsetail marsh - unpretentious plant, so its range is quite wide. The main condition to the places of its growthshould be sufficient moisture. Marshes, meadows, swamp forests, coastal shrubs are places where marsh horsetail is settled.
The plant is known in many areas and regions of Western, Central and Eastern Siberia. In Russia, horsetail is rarely found only in the most northern and southern desert regions.
Outside Russia, the plant is common in northern Kazakhstan, Europe, in the north of Asia Minor, in the forest zone of North America, on the west coast of Alaska.
Properties of the plant, its use
Horsetail marsh, descriptionwhich is given in the article has certain useful properties.First of all, preparations from plants haveanti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antimicrobial, diuretic, firming, wound healing, astringent. Therefore, marsh horsetail is widely used in folk and traditional medicine.
Horsetail is also used in cooking, but for this purpose it should be harvested only in early spring. Young shoots of plants are used for filling in pies, added to casseroles, eaten boiled or raw.
Nodules formed on rhizomes are also edible. They are baked or boiled.
Recipes using horsetail are ancient. Many of them are forgotten or used with a certain restraint. This is due to the fact that today the composition of the plant is well studied, and it is classified as poisonous.
Collecting a plant, its preparation
Horsetail marsh photowhich for informational purposes are presented in the article, is harvested from June to August. But in many respects the timing will depend on the region of growth of the species.
Green stalks are suitable for picking. Drying is carried out in a well-ventilated area. Plants laid out in a thin layer. This reduces the drying time, which positively affects the safety of nutrients.
Plants laid out in a thick layer or in a poorly ventilated room quickly turn black and lose their healing properties. Also, raw materials can not be laid out in the sun.
Best for drying fit loft, shed or other shady well-ventilated room. In the form ready for use, the plant has the appearance of hard, branchy, light green stems with a faint odor and an acidic taste.
Horsetail marsh healing propertieswith proper storage does not lose within four years.
Preparations from marsh horsetail
From the raw materials prepared after collecting the marsh horsetail, prepare a variety of drugs. The most common are infusions and decoctions.
To prepare the infusion, take four teaspoons of crushed stems of the plant, pour them with two cups of boiling water and allow to infuse.
The resulting infusion is drunk for two days. To achieve the best effect in the treatment of a disease, the liquid should be drunk in small sips.
To get a decoction, you will need one tablespoon of chopped herbs and a glass of water. After mixing the parts, they are boiled for thirty minutes. It is also taken as an infusion.
Before using preparations containing marsh horsetail, you should consult with experts, as there are contraindications for the use of these medicines.
Use in the household
Horsetail marsh, like other species of this plant, in economic activities must be used with caution and be aware of the high toxicity of the substances included in its composition.
Hay, containing a large amount of horsetail, can cause a disease in animals, called the "rod". In a sick animal, the hind limbs are paralyzed. Horses are most affected.
In cattle, general lethargy, indigestion, sudden weight loss are noted, and death is not excluded.
To reduce or eliminate the risk of animal diseases, it is necessary to choose more carefully the places for haymaking. If horsetail branches are found in the harvested feed, they should be removed as far as possible.