Grapes Augustine: photos and description of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, planting and care, reviews
Bulgarian breeders are especially appreciated all over the world. Mild winters and maritime climate make it possible to obtain high yields of this crop. Bulgarian wine-growers managed to produce a unique grape variety - Augustine, which shows excellent yields, even in cold climatic zones. In order to learn more about the benefits of a variety, it is necessary to study its characteristics. The topic of our article is a description, photo, rules of caring for Augustine!
Grapes Augustine: description, photo
The phenomenon, Pleven steady, V 25/20 - all this is the name of the variety Augustine. Table grapes were obtained by crossing Pleven and Villars Blanc. Breeders of Bulgaria were able to instill in Augustine resistance to various diseases, high yields, early ripening of berries.It is for these qualities that many gardeners around the world fell in love with. It has a wide distribution in Russia.
Grapes belongs to table varieties, early ripening. Development and fruiting occur even under adverse conditions. Fruit ripening begins in mid-August. According to the description, the grapes of Augustine bravely tolerate frosts down to -25 degrees. It has good immunity to the most common fungal diseases of this culture, such as anthracnose, oidium, mildew. Grape bushes are vigorous, which makes it possible to use them for decorating various arbors, arches, buildings. In the description of grapes varieties Augustine refers to its high yield. About sixty kilograms of berries can be harvested from one bush, and up to 130 centners from one hectare of vineyard. This grade shows high quality characteristics, reliability, unpretentiousness in leaving. It has high rates of marketability, in addition, there is a good transportability.
In grapes Augustine dark green leaves sprawling, almost round in shape, slightly dissected. Vine can have a brown or red color.A bunch of broad, canonical form. The weight of one bunch can be 500-800 grams. Ripened brush can hang on the bushes for two weeks. In appearance, the berries and clusters of Augustine are similar to the variety Pleven, one of the parental lines. Plants have flower stalks of both sexes, so you do not have to worry about pollination.
Characteristics of the fruit
As follows from the description of grapes Augustine, his berries are unusually sweet. They contain about 20% of sugars, and this figure does not change even in rainy weather. Fruits are elongated oval, amber or yellow in color. The mass of one berry is 5-7 g. You can make sure that the ripened clusters are extraordinarily beautiful, if you look at the photos used as illustrations for the article. In grapes Augustine, the pulp of the fruit is protected by a dense skin, it is resistant to cracking and, in addition, protects the crop from wasps. Most often, the variety is used as a table, but it is also used for industrial purposes. Fruiting occurs 2 years after planting. In that case, if the culture is propagated by cuttings and the proper care of the plant is carried out, fruit can be harvested for 50 years without replanting the bushes.
Advantages and disadvantages
Variety Augustine is highly valued for its reliability, it is high-yielding, unpretentious. The presentation of berries and excellent taste make it one of the most popular varieties of winegrowers. But, like all garden crops, Augustine has its pluses and minuses. In the description of the variety, most of them are listed, but to dwell on this issue will not be superfluous.
- the presence of bisexual flowers allows the grapes to self-pollinate in all weather conditions;
- consistently high yields;
- early maturation;
- the ability of ripe bunches for a long time to keep on the bush;
- high quality of the crop;
- excellent presentation;
- berries do not attract wasps;
- good transportability.
Augustine grapes, according to gardeners, has its drawbacks:
- during prolonged rains, the berries can become watery, crack and begin to rot;
- if the crop is not removed after 2 weeks, the berries begin to crumble;
- the grabber causes the berries to rot on the bush;
- the presence of large seeds in the berries;
- when transporting over long distances, berries can crumble from bunches.
The Augustine grape variety (photo, see the article) breeds quite simply. Consider some of the most popular ways of planting this crop:
- reproduction by cuttings;
- planting varietal seedlings;
Based on your own resources and capabilities, choose one or another method of landing. The dates and the time of the year directly depend on which method you choose. For example, for a green sapling, the best planting time is spring, but in general, planting of saplings can be carried out in autumn. The advantages of planting in the spring are as follows:
- In spring time there are much more warm days, this allows the planted bush to better adapt to the new place, to enter growth faster.
- Sapling for the summer season can be well established in the ground.
- There is an opinion that saplings planted in the spring time more quickly than autumn ones start to bear fruit.
It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that when planting in spring it is necessary to water more often, because at this time the land is much drier than in the fall, besides evaporation occurs more intensively. Note that in the spring it is much more difficult to purchase a seedling of the required variety, all planting material is prepared in the autumn. Therefore, it is better to plant it immediately, rather than keep it until spring.As we see, in the autumn planting also has its advantages.
The grape variety Augustine can be planted in spring and autumn. But experienced gardeners recommend choosing spring time for this procedure. Although Augustine is considered unpretentious, it is still better to choose places with a lot of sunlight for his landing. When placed in shaded places, bushes will grow poorly, and berries will not be so sweet. It is necessary to observe the following distance of bushes from each other: it must be at least one and a half meters, between rows - at least 3 meters. With such a planting plants will not interfere with each other and will be able to grow well.
Soil preparation and planting seedlings
A few weeks before the proposed planting of grapes Augustine is necessary to prepare the ground. To make planting holes for shrubs, the depth of each should be 0.8 m. Such a volume will be quite sufficient so that you can put the required amount of fertilizer into the hole. If, in the area where you live, the groundwater is located close to the soil surface, drainage must be done before planting.After the fossa has settled, you should wait two days and then begin to land. In each well fit two buckets of compost mixed with the soil. From above, this mixture is filled with a small amount of the soil layer, which will protect the grapes from burns.
When buying seedlings, you need to pay attention to a good root system: it should not be damaged. As for cutting the top of the plant, it should have a green color. Before planting, the acquired seedling must be placed in water for several days (two are enough). This is done so that it is well saturated with moisture. This will help him to easily transfer the subsequent period of adaptation. Seedlings are placed in the planting hole to the root collar. It is necessary to ensure that it is not sprinkled with earth. The roots of the plant gently straightened, well spilled water, next to put support. Carry out this procedure must be very careful not to damage the roots of the plant. After the activities carried out, the land around the sapling must be mulched.
Peculiarities of care
Experienced gardeners recommend sticking to the following care.for grapes Augustine. The soil on which the vineyard is broken must always be kept wet. Pruning shrubs need to be done once a year. In addition, each of the shoots should be shortened by 6-12 eyes. Phosphate-potassium fertilizers and compost / humus are used as top dressing. Shrubs should be sprayed before and after flowering. Before the onset of frost bushes of grapes should be covered for the winter.
The grape variety is very responsive to top dressing. It is possible to use for this purpose both mineral fertilizers, and organic. It is best to bring them into the zone of occurrence of the main roots: it is recommended to prepare the wells or trenches at a distance of 100 centimeters from the trunk and put all nutrients directly into them. Augustine is better than other varieties adapted to more humid climatic conditions. Even with a small number of sunny days, unlike other varieties, there is a qualitative ripening of the berries of this grape variety.
As soon as the Augustine vine grows and the first shoots appear, it is necessary to give it the correct shape.It should be remembered that for cutting only quality pruner is used. Otherwise, the branches of the plant can be clamped and dissected. The branches are cut between the knots. Trimming rules:
- on the grapes leave two vines so that one is shorter than the other;
- on the process that is shorter, two buds are left, on the long one - up to nine;
- the main bush can have several pieces of vines thus formed.
The formation of a bush can be started after the first year of the plant’s life or at the beginning of the second. Continue this until the bush is fully formed. We would like to draw your attention to the fact that this grape variety is intended for food and is unsuitable for the production of strong alcoholic beverages.
Grapes varieties Augustine: reviews
Gardeners who are engaged in the cultivation of this grape variety on their plots note the delicate, sweet and slightly sour taste of the berries. They say that the berries have fleshy juicy flesh and unusually beautiful amber color. These characteristics allow the use of fruits of Augustine grapes in cooking and canning.Many gardeners agree that grapes have a thick skin, but they refer more to a plus than to a minus, because it is an enhanced protection against wasps and makes the shelf life of the crop longer. It is noted that even in cool rainy summer, the yield of grapes is not reduced.