Golden rod: properties, use and contraindications
The golden rod (goldenrod) is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the Aster family. This is a European-West Asian species common in the Caucasus, in the European part of Russia, Scandinavia, Western Siberia, the Atlantic and Central Europe, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean. The plant grows in light forests, it can be found in glades, forest edges, clearings, meadows, among shrubs, in roadside plantations. Mostly grass settles on sandy permeable soils.
The healing plant is the golden rod. We will consider medicinal properties and contraindications below, and now we will tell about how this herb looks.
Perennial has a short core woody rhizome. Stems are usually unbranched, upright, leafy, often reddish, in height from 30 to 100 centimeters.
Leaves elliptical or ovoid, alternate, pointed, serrate on the edge. The lower and basal stem leaves are collected in the winged petiole, and the upper and middle leaves are sessile, narrower and smaller. Leaf blades have several pairs of lateral veins, almost equally developed.
All parts of the plant are slightly pubescent, hairs barely visible.
The flowers are yellow, collected in small baskets, which on the tops of the stems form a upright narrow paniculate or racemose inflorescence.
Fruits in the form of ribbed cylindrical seedlings three to four millimeters long, pubescent over the entire surface.
The plant blooms from May to September, and the seeds ripen in June-October.
Among folk healers and healers, the golden rod is very popular. The magical properties attributed to her are due to chemical composition. Grass comprises diterpenoids, organic acids (including Quinic), triterpenoids, saponins, phenolic and polyacetylene compounds, phenol carbonic acids and their derivatives (chlorogenic, caffeic, hydroxycinnamic) fitoekdizony, flavonoids (quercitrin, rutin, quercetin, isoquercitrin, astragalin , isorhamnetin, kaempferol, narcissin), coumarins (esculin, esculetin).
The inflorescences contain carbohydrates and polysaccharides (glucose, galactose, xylose, arabinose, rhamnose).
Fruits contain fatty oil.
Grass golden rod is used in veterinary medicine, traditional medicine and homeopathy. It is known as a good pergonus and honey plant and a pergonus, especially during light rains. It used to be used as a dyeing and tanning plant, since brown and yellow and paints were removed from flowers and grass.
The golden rod contains diterpenoids, which have anti-fatigue activity against some insects.
Pets ignore this grass and eat wild ones. Some sources report plant toxicity.
Golden rod: use in medicine
For medicinal purposes, the leafy parts of the stems with inflorescences collected during the flowering period are used. They are dried in a well-ventilated and dry room.
Some sources indicate that all parts of the plant are medicinal raw materials. The above-ground part is harvested during the period of budding, the seeds - as they mature, and the roots - in the fall.
Golden rod shows pronounced anti-inflammatory, diuretic,antimicrobial properties, due to which it is widely used in diseases of the kidneys and bladder, especially for disorders of the urinary tract, urolithiasis, hematuria, prostatic hypertrophy, albuminuria.
In the experiment, all parts of the plant are active against influenza viruses and herpes and flu.
The herb as an antiseptic and diaphoretic is included in the British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.
Goldenrod with kidney stones
Scientists who studied all parts of the plant golden rod, medicinal properties and contraindications, came to the conclusion that the decoction of grass taken in kidney disease does not have a stone-dissolving effect, but regulates acid-base balance and water-salt metabolism, increases the secretory-extretor renal function . At the same time, the urine pH rises, phosphaturia increases, but at the same time oxalaturia and uraturia decrease and are eliminated. This information confirms that the prescription of preparations of the golden rod is advisable for the prevention and treatment of oxalate and urate kidney stones.
Golden rod treatment
In folk medicine, infusions and decoctions of the above-ground part of the goldenrod are used as an astringent, diuretic, expectorant, diaphoretic, antiseptic, hemostatic, wound healing, anti-inflammatory for bladder and kidney ailments, gallstone disease, ascites, aphopicopathy, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic, anesthetic. lung, gout, arthritis, rheumatism, diarrhea, colitis, enteritis, white blood, prostatic hypertrophy, menorrhagia, acute laryngitis, eczema, sore throat.
In the Caucasus, alcohol tincture from the underground part of the plant is used as a wound healing agent.
In combination with other herbs, the golden rod is used to treat prostate adenoma, frequent wet dreams, impotence, chronic prostatitis, and locally for eczema and acute laryngitis.
Use in other countries
Inflorescences in the form of a powder in traditional medicine of Belarus and Moldova are used as a wound healing. Outwardly mixed with pork fat, cream, butter, they are used in dermatitis, skin tuberculosis, rheumatism, burns.
In Bulgarian medicine, an infusion of gold is recommended as a diuretic (for edema, gout, uric acid metabolism) and an agent that helps in inflammatory processes,sand and stones in the kidney, the presence of albumin in the urine. Dry leaf powder and fresh leaf gruel are used externally to treat boils and purulent wounds.
In Chinese folk medicine, goldenrod seeds are used to eliminate intestinal distention and blood thinning. Also, the golden rod plant is used for violations of the menstrual cycle, injuries, diarrhea, cholera, and blood in the urine in children. In Tibet, for jaundice and neurasthenia, the aerial part of the grass is used.
Goldenrod is very popular in Germany, where it is used in the treatment of urological inflammatory diseases and diseases of the veins.
Official medicine and homeopathy
Pharmaceutical firms have developed a significant number of complex preparations containing a golden rod. Among them are "Inkonturin", "Antiprostin", "Prostamed", "Fitolysin", "Prostanorm", "Saburgen", "Prostaforton", "Cefasabal", mono-drug "Tsistum Solidago".
In homeopathy with bronchial asthma, skin diseases, nephritis, diathesis, arthritis, the essence of the inflorescences of the plant is used.
Contraindications to the use of goldenrod
No matter how useful the golden rod is, there are still contraindications to its use.During pregnancy, breastfeeding and the acute form of glomerulonephritis, you should refuse to take the funds, which include this herb.
According to some information, the goldenrod is a poisonous plant, therefore, when applying it, it is necessary to strictly observe the indicated dosage and not to exceed the concentration without special need. Some experts express objections to the poisonousness of the plant, but it has been observed that it has a negative effect on animals that eat it in large quantities. So, sheep often have acute poisoning, expressed by increased excitability (paralysis is also possible, and in some cases even death).
Dry grass because of its fluffs (volatile dried part) causes sneezing in people, allergic reactions are possible. Thus, the golden rod requires careful handling, which should be remembered.