Frequent urination in a child without pain: causes and treatment. The rate of urination in children. Excretory system
Frequent visits to the toilet of the child may be due to a large amount of fluid consumed. It is not necessary for parents to panic ahead of time, but it is not necessary to let the problem take its course. If, in the opinion of the mother, without pain is not a consequence of watermelon eaten, then it is advisable to visit a doctor in order to understand the reason. And there may be a lot of them, let's talk about this later.
The rate of urination in children
In order to panic and rush to the doctor for help, if the child began to visit the toilet often, it is necessary to know the urination rates at different ages:
- In the first week after birth, the newborn urinates 5-6 times a day.
- Up to six months urination up to 15-20 times a day.
- From the age of 6 months to a year, the number drops to 13-15.
- From one to three years, the baby can sit on the pot up to 10 times.
- 3-6 years - 5-6 times a day.
- Children age 6-9 years urinate 5-6 times.
- After 9 years of urination up to 5 times a day.
As the child gets older, the frequency of toilet visits decreases. This can be explained by the fact that the baby's excretory system is formed gradually. Practically only by adolescence does the final development of all organ systems end.
Kidney function in the body
The kidneys are the main organ of the excretory system. They are responsible for many important functions:
- Maintaining the balance of biological fluids.
- Removal of toxic substances.
- Blood pressure stabilization.
The child is actively growing, experiencing stress, and natural changes occur in the structure of the kidneys, which affects their work. It can be expressed in an increase in the frequency of urination.
According to medical data, about 20% of children suffer from frequent urination, while not experiencing any discomfort.
Natural causes of frequent urination
Pollakiuria or frequent urination may occur under the influence of some natural factors, then it is called physiological.It is necessary to eliminate these factors and everything comes back to normal. Frequent urination in a child without pain can provoke:
- A large amount of fluid you drink. This can be observed in the summer, when it is hot outside, and the baby often asks to drink. But if the child is thirsty all the time, then this is a reason to consult a doctor.
- Diuretic drugs provoke an increase in urine output. If therapy is carried out with the use of such drugs, then after recovery, everything is normalized.
- If there is frequent urination in a child without pain, the reason may be in the use of products that have a diuretic effect. These include: watermelon, currants, lingonberries, herbal tea from chamomile or rosehip.
- Eating salty and spicy foods leads to a strong thirst, which means that going to the toilet will become more frequent.
- With a strong overcooling of the body, a reflex spasm of the kidney vessels occurs, which provokes the urge to go to the toilet. It is necessary to warm the baby and everything passes.
- Increased activity leads to the release of adrenaline into the blood, it raises blood pressure, the heart begins to beat faster.Metabolic processes are accelerated, the kidneys filter a larger volume of blood, and therefore urination becomes more frequent.
- Stressful situations at home, in kindergarten or school provoke frequent urination in a child without pain. Parents should try to eliminate this negative factor, if it is not possible on their own, then they will have to seek help from a psychologist.
With the elimination of all provocative factors, the number of visits to the toilet returns to normal. Parents should be alerted if frequent urination in a child 5 years or older is accompanied by other symptoms: pain in the lower abdomen, discoloration and smell of urine. In this case, a visit to the doctor should not be postponed.
Urination without pain - pathological causes
There are some pathologies that are also accompanied by frequent urination in a child without pain. These include:
- Reduced bladder. This may be a congenital abnormality or triggered by a growing tumor.
- Violation of the development of the nerve centers responsible for the regulation of the bladder.
- Brain injury or tumor development, which leads to a violation of the innervation of the internal organs. There may be frequent urination in small portions, the development of enuresis.
- Diabetes mellitus provokes a strong thirst, a large amount of fluid you drink leads to frequent visits to the toilet.
- Neuropsychic pathologies: neurosis, dystonia, neurasthenia. These diseases are usually accompanied by other symptoms: headache, nervousness, sleep disturbances, emotional lability.
Important. If parents notice suspicious changes in their state of health, then this is a significant reason to visit a doctor sooner in order to identify the cause, diagnose it and prescribe the necessary therapy.
Symptoms of diseases of the urinary system
If you find that your child often visits the toilet, it is important to talk to him. Ask what he feels when urinating, whether there is pain in the lower abdomen. Parents should pay attention to the color and smell of urine, as frequent urination can be triggered by the penetration of pathological microflora. If an inflammatory process develops, the following signs will be present:
- Burning and pain during urination, the child simply cannot help but notice. If the baby is small, then crying while sitting on the pot should alert the mother.
- Increased body temperature.
- Urine becomes turbid, there are flakes, an unpleasant smell.
Need to know. It is easy to recognize cystitis, pyelonephritis in a baby at an early stage, if a small amount of urine is released during laughter or sneezing, then bacteria are rampant in the body.
Pathology of the excretory system should be treated urgently. Otherwise, serious complications are possible.
Frequent urination in an infant
Given that the baby is breastfed, in many respects the work of his body depends on the mother, on what her diet is, whether she takes medications.
If there is frequent urination in a baby without visible painful conditions, then it can be assumed that the mother has a pathology of the kidneys or urinary tract. You need to visit the doctor of a nursing mother, and then examine the child.
Diagnosis of kidney pathologies
Frequent visits to the toilet can signal the development of serious renal pathologies or diseases of other internal organs. A visit to a urologist is a must. After talking with the child, if he is able to speak and is able to say something about his feelings, the doctor prescribes laboratory tests of blood and urine for his parents.A preliminary diagnosis can already be made on the basis of:
- The high content of proteins, uric acid, leukocytes in the urine. This may indicate the development of the inflammatory process.
- If a reduced hemoglobin content is detected in the blood, then we can speak of a general deterioration in the health of the child.
Differential diagnosis of the bladder and kidneys is important, for this purpose they carry out:
- Computed tomography.
It should be borne in mind that newborns and babies are not prescribed CT and MRI, since the child is unable to maintain a fixed position for a long time, if only in emergency cases.
After clarifying the diagnosis, treatment is prescribed.
Treatment of frequent urination in children without pain
If frequent urination is a consequence of the development of pathology of the kidneys or urinary tract, the therapy requires serious. The treatment is carried out in the hospital, with cystitis in an uncomplicated form, you can try to cope at home, but only after a visit to the doctor and prescription drugs.
In the hospital walls there is an opportunity to constantly monitor the condition of the child.In therapy, the following areas are used:
- Drug treatment.
- Physiotherapy procedures.
- The use of folk remedies.
The treatment regimen is prescribed only after a full examination and an accurate diagnosis.
Depending on the diagnosis, the treatment regimen may vary. Only a doctor should select drugs, self-medication, especially a child, is unacceptable. To get rid of the same pathology, there are many means, and the treating physician should prescribe them and prescribe the treatment regimen:
- When an inflammatory process is detected, uroseptic agents and antibiotics are prescribed.
- Treatment of frequent urination due to diabetes mellitus is carried out by hormone replacement therapy.
- If there are neuropsychic abnormalities, then you can not do without taking sedatives, nootropics.
- When neoplasms shows surgical treatment.
When prescribing drugs, it is important to observe the dosage and treatment regimen, then the treatment will pass without the development of side effects.
Physiotherapy in the treatment of pathologies of the urinary system
If the child has frequent urination, what to do, ask moms. Visit the doctor and follow all his recommendations, take medications and go to physiotherapy. They will be a good help in treatment. If there is an inflammatory process, then effective are:
- Amplipulse therapy.
- Laser therapy.
- Heat exposure.
Parents should understand that a child’s full recovery can be achieved if one passes through a full course of prescribed procedures and drinks.
A good addition to the main treatment will be traditional medicine. The use of medicinal decoctions and infusions will help to quickly get rid of the pathology of the kidneys and urinary tract. The effectiveness of the following recipes proved:
- 20 grams of mint pour 1.5 liters of boiling water and boil for 10 minutes. Take 150 ml three times a day.
- Take a decoction of corn stigmas.
- Well acts decoction of wild rose berries. You can insist in a thermos and give the child to drink throughout the day.
- Tea from birch buds. On a glass of boiling water a tea-bed of the kidneys. Infuse 2 hours and take 50 ml 3 times a day.
Herbal treatment should begin only after consulting a doctor. It must be borne in mind that not all plants can be used in the treatment of children.
Given the size of the kidneys in children and the incompletely formed development of all organ systems, it is impossible to fully insure against the pathologies of the urinary system, but if preventive measures are observed, the probability of their development can be reduced:
- Visit your doctor regularly, even if you think your baby is completely healthy.
- To dress the child according to the weather, not to allow hypothermia and overheating.
- Do not allow to sit on cold ground steps.
- Monitor the emptying of the bladder, how often this baby does. If there are some suspicions, then you should immediately visit the doctor.
- Do not give up breastfeeding. It protects the baby from many infections.
You should not look for the cause of deviations yourself. The correct diagnosis can only make a specialist. Self-treatment of a child is fraught with serious complications in his health.