Foundation blocks: features of use
The foundation of any building belongs to the most important constructive elements of modern buildings. Today, for their erection, foundation blocks are widely used.These building materials allowsignificantly reduce the cost of building buildings and save a considerable amount of time. Working with blocks is somewhat reminiscent of a children's designer, when almost any structure can be made from standard elements.
Currently, all FBS (foundation blocks)can be attributed to three categories: hollow, solid with a cutout and solid. The last type of products corresponds to the name and has no voids. The internal space of these materials is filled with concrete and steel reinforcement. Solid foundation blocks are the most durable of all types. They are capable of withstanding heavy loads.
Solid blocks with a cutout have specialThe grooves, which are designed for laying a variety of communications. Such a design makes it possible to significantly reduce the time costs for connection to the water supply system, heating systems, power sources.
In hollow forms of products cavities are formed,which can be filled with a variety of materials, for example, heat insulation. These foundation blocks are much lighter than solid ones and are used to build the foundation of a structure in cases where other types of materials are difficult to use because of the large mass (in special geological conditions).
The main material for the production of foundationblocks is a heavy silicate concrete or expanded clay. During installation, they are laid on a cushion specially prepared for the arrangement of the base of the house, which consists of a cement slurry with sand.
The use of foundation blocks for construction has many advantages over conventional technology, when concrete is poured into the formwork with a pre-installed grid of reinforcement.
First, the finished object is delivered to ready-made elements for the construction of a future foundation, and there is no need to expect hardening of concrete.
Due to the wide variety of materials andstructures from which the foundation blocks are made (sizes can be different), they can be used in different climatic zones, geological conditions, as well as for the erection of any structures. In addition, the scope of the blocks is not limited only to the construction of the foundation, they can also be used for the construction of walls.
Concrete foundation blocks can havelong service life (more than 150 years), they can be used several times. They allow you to quickly build the base of the building and other building structures. Since the quality of raw materials and finished materials are checked in the factory, you can be sure that the construction will be reliable. Due to the ability of reinforced concrete products to withstand large temperature differences, they can be used in different climatic zones.
From the blocks are obtained qualitative and reliable foundations, and also build the walls of the cellars.