Follicular ovarian cyst. Symptoms, treatment

A cyst (from a Greek bubble) is a hollow, benign lesion filled with fluid. The following cysts can form in the ovary: endometrioid, dermoid, corpus luteum cyst and follicular cyst. In addition, they are divided into congenital and acquired. In this organ, cysts may consist of several chambers filled with serous fluid. Their size is usually no more than 7-8 cm. The wall of the cyst has a small thickness. Her cells synthesize a fluid that fills the cavity. As you fill the cyst increases in size.
follicular cyst

Follicular cyst: causes

The main reasons are fairly strong hormonal failure and metabolic disorders. They can be provoked by situations such as medical abortion, various pelvic diseases (salpingitis, oophoritis), the use of improperly supported contraceptives, infectious and sexually transmitted diseases, treatment of infertility.

Follicular cyst: pathogenesis

All formations of this type are obtained either due to blockage of the excretory ducts of the glands, or when the fluid independently forms a cavity. Most often, follicular cyst is formed during the ovulation period.

follicular cyst symptoms

Follicular cyst: symptoms

The presence of follicular cyst is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • pain that appears in the groin area with increased physical activity or making quick, sharp movements during sex;
  • heaviness and tearing in the lower abdomen;
  • violation of the menstrual cycle;
  • the presence of discharge in the middle of the cycle.

Symptoms for complications

With a complicated cyst or its rupture, the following symptoms appear:

  • nausea and vomiting;
  • strong pain;
  • lowering blood pressure;
  • increase in heart rate;
  • weakness of the body;
  • pallor of the skin due to anemia (due to possible bleeding).

Follicular cyst: diagnosis

follicular cyst

There are several types of definitions of neoplasms. The very first is a manual examination of the woman when visiting a gynecologist. In this case, the doctor may feel the formation of the side or on the front surface of the uterus.When probing it is not painful and mobile, has a smooth, smooth surface.

Ultrasound

The next stage of diagnosis is an ultrasound examination of the small pelvis. It shows a single-chamber or multi-chamber neoplasm with a uniform content, the size of which is 2-8 cm, and the wall has a thickness of no more than 2 mm.

Doplerometry

In this study, find areas with reduced blood flow, which are located on the periphery.

Follicular cyst: treatment

Typically, cysts of this type dissolve on their own within 2-3 cycles. A woman is usually monitored. In some cases, anti-inflammatory therapy, oral contraceptives, vitamins and physiotherapy are prescribed. If the cyst reaches a huge size or its complicated form takes place, surgical removal is performed. In some situations (cyst rupture), emergency operations are performed.

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