Fish for a small aquarium. Aquarium fish
Fish for a small aquarium is selected depending on the displacement of its future home. It is possible to settle a flock of fish or just one. Future pets are chosen in size and color, from which the eyes just run up. There are expensive exotic specimens, and the usual, extremely unpretentious guppies. The choice in the market is huge.
Aquarium - size matters
Small consider an aquarium with a capacity of up to 50 liters. The smaller the displacement of the product, the more difficult it is to maintain optimal conditions for keeping the fish in it.
Fish for a small aquarium of tropical origin needs warm water - +25 ... + 28aboutC. Maintaining such a high temperature in a very small (less than 5 liters) aquarium is problematic. Providing and maintaining an appropriate ecosystem for the normal life of a pet is impossible without special equipment. In a miniature aquarium, it just does not fit.
Unfavorable conditions will lead to the death of fish, and tropical inhabitants of warm seas are very expensive. The price for one copy may exceed $ 100.Even unpretentious and inexpensive specimens need conditions close to their natural habitat.
Keeping fish is not easy at all. After buying a small aquarium, it's time to think about who to put there. Considered a lot of factors before choosing and launching pets in a new home. What to consider when checking in:
- sociability of the species - some can live alone, others necessarily need a pack;
- water hardness, salinity and its temperature can not be the same for different breeds;
- the fish for a small aquarium should not be aggressive;
- it is useful to settle fish-attendants (for example, catfish antsitrusov), they will help keep the habitat clean;
- the surface area of the water - the larger it is, the greater the number of fish you can settle (more intensive oxygen exchange);
- Be sure to take into account the compatibility of fish.
If you do not adhere to these rules, predatory individuals very quickly cleaned up their territory. Thorns and barbs are happy to hunt for their smaller neighbors. And species such as the scalar and gur, get along well together and do not accept another company.You can buy a flock of small fish of the same species or only one, such as the cockerel fish, goldfish.
But different breeds of fish will be more interesting. Recommended combinations:
- catfish antsitrusy - 3, swordtails - 5, neon - 10, placium - 5;
- danios - 5, catfish speckled - 2, guppies - 10, swordtails - 3;
- angelfish - 2, barbs - 4, catfish antsitrusy - 3.
You can pick up other options, but be sure to take into account all the nuances of keeping fish.
When filling capacity you need to correctly calculate the number of fish. On one individual 6 cm in size it is necessary from 3 to 5 liters of water. Overpopulation causes discomfort of the inhabitants of the aquarium. This is a very conditional calculation. In case of any declared volume of the product, it is necessary to give 12-15% for accessories, gravel, plants.
Considered and factors such as habitat:
- bottom fish;
- those that prefer to swim at an average level;
- those that float on the surface.
With proper filling of the vital volume, the container will not seem empty, and the inhabitants will not interfere with each other to live and multiply.
It is not recommended to keep the fish in a completely empty aquarium, especially round.Even a very hardy goldfish will experience constant fear in him due to the effect of the lens. A bit of vegetation, gravel on the bottom (sand will pollute the water), compact maintenance tools will not spoil the overall look of the aquarium.
Petus are perhaps the most popular aquarium fish. Names can immediately tell how the fish looks and its behavior. For example, cockerels are very bright colors and the same snooty fighters like their feathered namesakes.They are recommended to settle in such a ratio: one male and three or four females. If you run two or more families, then between them there must be a partition, otherwise fights between males cannot be avoided. Injured fish may die.
You can contain one individual. The rooster’s ability to breathe atmospheric air allows it to be kept in a small space. But the volume of the aquarium less than 5 liters is unacceptable, it can be qualified as cruel treatment of a living creature. To keep your pet in good shape, you can put a mirror in the aquarium. The presence of a "rival" will be an invigorating factor for the cock and will relieve you of loneliness.
The cockerel fish gets along well with neighbors such as barbs and danios. But they usually prefer to keep just a couple of males - a male and a female.
On the color of these fish can talk endlessly. The variety is very large, the color combinations are original and amaze the imagination (see the photo in the article). Males are especially beautiful due to the presence of a luxurious fin. Females are not so elegant, but the color is not inferior to male individuals.
Unpretentious, elegant fish feel great in the warm +25 ...+28aboutC, clean and soft water. Aeration is required. The food is picky, they eat frozen, dry and live food. Measures in the consumption of food do not know and are subject to obesity, resulting in infertility. It is recommended to feed no more than twice a day.
Guppies are the types of fish with which they usually begin their acquaintance with the fascinating underwater world and its inhabitants. The simplicity of the content and variety of colors allows them for many years to be at the peak of popularity. Fashion for them never passes.
Practically everything is eaten, there are no particular requirements to the temperature of water and aeration, but a caring owner will take care of their pets and provide them with at least minimal comfort.
Viviparous females can easily make happy with numerous offspring.Outwardly, they are not as attractive as the males. Male animals have a luxurious tail and a body with a bright color.
Domestic fishes catfish calm, peaceful creatures. Slowly and with dignity swim in search of food, not in a hurry. Do not pose any threat to other residents of the aquarium. Carry out a peculiar role of cleaning-up sweepers - they eat up waste of life on the ground and clean the glass.
They are of different types, sizes and colors. Unpretentious in content, are mostly nocturnal, although they can be active in the daytime. It is preferable to buy a flock of fish (up to 5 individuals).
They can do without aeration, temperature conditions within +24 ... + 26aboutC. One individual must account for at least 5 liters of water.
Barbus - aquarium fish (the names reflect either anatomical features - the length of the whiskers, colors, or halo habitat), which belong to the carp family. About 15 species differ in color and size.
Too active barbs can bring to stress less mobile types. In addition, the males are not opposed to fight or bite something from a gaping neighbor. The best options for sharing will be: fighting, labo, clowns, sword-bearers, petsilii, gur.You can fill the aquarium only barbs of several kinds.
Fish require careful maintenance. With their content it is necessary to provide the following:
- water temperature +21 ... + 23aboutFROM;
- creation using a pump flow;
- the presence of dense vegetation;
- regular purification of water using special filters;
- water change - at least once a week.
The species has an excellent appetite, so the fish are prone to obesity. All edible food that goes into the aquarium is consumed - dry and live food, plant food.
Fish for a small aquarium is in the assortment of any specialty store. Buyers primarily pay attention to size and color. In order not to be disappointed in the choice, you should clarify with the seller a few questions:
- can a fish live alone;
- what is her lifestyle (active at night will not give pleasure to the owner to watch them);
- what features of the content is in the selected form;
- how to feed a pet;
- What is the size of the aquarium and what accessories will need to be purchased.
You should not get too small aquarium.Whatever fish would be undemanding to the conditions of detention, but they will not be able to live in a glass. A well-equipped aquarium with properly selected inhabitants will be a real decoration of the room and an excellent sedative.