Dysmenorrhea - what is it? Causes and treatment of dysmenorrhea
Most representatives of the fair sex sooner or later have to deal with various diseases of the sexual sphere. So, it can be amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, uterine fibroids, hormonal abnormalities, causing pathological processes, and so on. Those women who do not know about one of these ailments throughout their lives are lucky. This article will discuss what kind of treatment involves dysmenorrhea (what it is, it will also be discussed). You will learn about the causes of pathology and its symptoms.
Dysmenorrhea: what is it?
Specialists often equate this pathology with a pronounced premenstrual syndrome. However, such a physiological process is recognized as an independent disease. If you are diagnosed with "dysmenorrhea", what it is, the specialist will tell. Those women who have never encountered such a pathology should learn that dysmenorrhea is called menstruation disorder.
Dysmenorrhea - what is it? And is the disease dangerous? As a rule, yes. However, it is worth considering each case individually. If the pathology of one woman can face serious consequences, then other representatives of the fair sex do not cause any problems other than physical discomfort.
Dysmenorrhea is a very insidious disease. She may not give any symptoms throughout the entire menstrual cycle, but with the onset of menstrual pathology simply knocks a woman out of a rut. Most of the fair sex, suffering from this pathology, become disabled during the exacerbation of the disease. Women are forced to miss work and school for several days. Pathology does not allow to live normally and even sleep.
It is worth noting that women during menopause and menopause do not suffer from this disease. The disease affects only those representatives of the fair sex who are in reproductive age. Also, the disease is bypassed by girls who already have menarche, but still lack ovulation.
How does the disease manifest?
Dysmenorrhea symptoms have the following:
- pain in the abdomen a few hours before and during menstruation;
- nausea or vomiting, not bringing relief;
- upset stool (most often a dilution of feces or diarrhea);
- headaches and nervous tension;
- decreased performance due to weakness;
- increase in body temperature to 38 degrees.
It is worth noting that every woman can manifest ailment differently. So, some women complain of unbearable cramping pain, while others say that they are tormented by vomiting and fever.
Dysmenorrhea: causes of the disease
Depending on what type of pathology the woman had to face, the causes of the disease can be identified different. For a start it is worth saying that dysmenorrhea has two forms. It is in connection with them that the causes of the disease are divided into natural and pathological.
Primary form: causes
Young women who have not given birth have a form of a disease called primary dysmenorrhea. In this case, the disease is susceptible to representatives of the weaker sex, in whom hormonal adjustment has begun, and the menstrual cycle has recently been established.
Primary dysmenorrhea in this case has hormonal causes.Due to improper hormone production, estrogen prevails over progesterone. The uterus in this case has an elastic structure. Overflowing with blood during menstruation, the reproductive organ begins to shrink strongly. All this causes severe cramping in the lower abdomen, indigestion and general deterioration of health.
Also, the cause of this type of pathology can be an abnormal thyroid gland. In this case, hormone production is also impaired. Most often increases the release of prostaglandins. They affect the genital organ, increasing its contractile activity during menstruation.
Secondary form: causes
Women who give birth or women who are more than 30 years old have a pathology called secondary dysmenorrhea. However, medicine has known cases when the disease was detected in young girls.
The cause of the disease in this case are acquired during the life of the disease. These include endometriosis, adenomyosis, endometritis, inflammation and sexually transmitted diseases.
If the secondary form is accompanied by endometriosis, the cause of the disease is improper production of estrogen.At the same time, the endometrium grows in the peritoneum, and its normal functioning begins. In this case, the release of blood into the abdominal space causes unbearable pain, fever and deterioration of health.
In inflammatory or infectious diseases, dysmenorrhea is physiological. In this case, the body begins to release a protective fluid, which quickly leads to the formation of adhesions.
Depending on what form of the disease is detected in a woman, the methods of adjustment may be different. It is worth noting that treatment can be conservative, popular, surgical or manual. Consider how patients with dysmenorrhea receive treatment. Drugs are also worth mentioning.
Primary form: correction
Since most women with a similar pathology are in reproductive age, but do not yet plan to give birth to children, doctors recommend the use of hormonal drugs that suppress ovulation. Such remedies restore the cycle and reduce the volume of menstrual blood.By hormonal drugs of this action include the following: "Janine", "Novinet", "Logest", "Diane-35" and others.
Pathology can be treated by suppressing large estrogen production. To do this, prescribed drugs that need to be taken from the middle of the cycle. These include the following remedies: Duphaston, Utrozhestan, Progesterone, and other medicines.
Also, primary dysmenorrhea treatment may suggest symptomatic. In this case, women are prescribed remedies for suppressing pain. The drugs are prescribed the following: "No-Shpa", "Papaverin", "Drotaverin", "Spazmalgon" and others.
Almost all women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea are given sedatives. Such drugs include "Valeriana", "Motherwort", "Novopassit" and other drugs.
In addition to medication, treatment requires bed rest. The patient is recommended to rest more and have a full sleep. Also, doctors prescribe compresses in the form of attachment of warm objects on the lower abdomen. When the temperature rises, you should take Paracetamol tablets or Ibuprofen medicine.If there is vomiting or diarrhea, then a certain diet is prescribed.
Secondary form: correction
In this case, the treatment of pathology has almost the same scheme as in the primary form of the disease. However, some more drugs are added, without which the correction will simply be ineffective.
If dysmenorrhea is accompanied by endometriosis, the treatment requires a serious hormonal correction. In this case, drugs such as Zoladex and others are used. Also, treatment can be carried out by surgery. Laparoscopy is most commonly used.
In the case where the pathology is caused by the inflammatory process, means are used to eliminate it. Thus, Vilprofen tablets, Doxycycline medication, Terzhinan candles and others are often prescribed.
In addition to all of these, the doctor recommends the use of tools that reduce the likelihood of adhesions. These include the drug "Longidase" (or "Lidaza"). Physicians also prescribe physiotherapy, which is aimed at eliminating the resulting films between the pelvic organs.
Consequences of the disease
So, you now know what dysmenorrhea is in women. The consequences of pathology can be completely unexpected. If the primary form most often passes without a trace, then secondary dysmenorrhea can be very dangerous. In the absence of timely treatment aimed at eliminating the causes of pathology, a woman may be infertile in the future. In the presence of endometriosis begins the defeat of new organs. If the pathology is caused by inflammation or infection, an adhesion process is formed that can lead to ectopic pregnancy. This complication can be life-threatening for a woman.
To avoid the occurrence of consequences, it is necessary to promptly correct the disease. Never self-medicate. Refer to experienced doctors who, after diagnosis, prescribe the appropriate drugs.
If you have a suspicion of the presence of this pathology, then you should consult a doctor. Diagnosis of the disease is very simple. Based on your complaints, the gynecologist will prescribe some tests and find out if you have a primary or secondary form of dysmenorrhea.