Damascus and bulat knives
Manufacturing techniques resistant to wear knives existed thousands of years ago. It would seem that at the modern technological stage, the old methods of production of blades can be forgotten and go to more advanced manufacturing recipes. However, the latest equipment with all the desire will not allow to improve the quality of the knife, if you do not use the secrets of metal casting and subsequent blacksmithing. And after all, it is precisely these that distinguish Damascus and damask knives, let out, albeit in a manual, artisanal way, but with the preservation of traditional technological solutions. Moreover, it is the author's manufacture of a knife that is considered the most attractive both in terms of cutting abilities and aesthetically.
Features of damask and damask knives
Blades from Damascus and Damascus are not for nothing that they occupy the first places in the lists of the most effective in circulation. This is facilitated by the unique cutting ability of these metals and, most importantly, the preservation of the original sharpening for a long time. In addition, bulat knives have a high hardness and rigidity, which makes them tolerant of external influences and contributes to a more effective performance of the direct cutting function. Such qualities are especially noticeable in the case of hunting models. Depending on the alloy used, the resistance of the products to rusting processes is also noted. First of all, this applies to models made with stainless steel. Thus, in extreme conditions, the knife blade will be the optimal solution. However, at home its performance properties will find application.
What is the difference Damascus knife from damask?
Damascus knives and damask blades are often confused. They really have a lot in common and the most important thing is the unifying property is the presence of a unique pattern on the surface. In terms of performance, damask knives and damascus also have many common features, but there is also a difference in them.
So, the uniqueness of Damascus blades is due to a combination of seemingly contradictory qualities - it is plasticity and high strength. At the same time, damask steel is characterized by the same strength, but supplemented by rigidity and hardness. In practice, it is not easy to feel the difference in the indicated properties - usually it is understood by experienced hunters, fishermen and tourists. However, in domestic use, the cutting abilities and durability of such knives come to the surface, for which, however, they are valued.
In Russia, the production of damask knives is mainly engaged in private family businesses. Masters follow proven manufacturing recipes and bring in their own flavor, which allows you to get not just a quality, but also a beautiful damask knife. Manufacturers have a wide geography, as they are located in different parts of the country. For example, one of the famous ones is the Zlatoust workshop of Baranov. The main blacksmith of the enterprise, Sergey Baranov, produces inexpensive, but at the same time high-quality models of knives, necessarily made from our own steel. No less known among lovers of Bulat and Damascus is the Arkhangelsk workshop. The family enterprise specializes in the manufacture of blades, engraving and other metal processing operations. Such specialization allows to obtain high quality products and, again, at affordable prices.
When familiarizing with the offers of the market in this segment, one can come across such a name as the damask “pampukh” knife, in the description of which unique techniques of reflux and sharpening are noted. This is the production of master Igor Pampuhi, known among experts in the field of weapons. In this case, the blacksmith is engaged not only in forging, but also performs skillful handles for blades with the author's design.
The technique of making blades from damask and bulat is different for each master, but there are common features. The most popular technology is the welding of several plates from different types of metal, from which a single piece is formed - "VUZ". As a rule, knives from the manufacturer of damask steel pass several stages of roasting and forging - just in the number of these procedures and is the secret of the masters. From the prepared piece of metal, separate cuts are formed, with which further forging and turning is carried out, bringing the primary blade to the optimum state.
One of the most popular types of damask knives, which is widespread among tourists, fishermen and hunters. By the way, sometimes similar models are used even in military operations. Among the features possessed by hunting damask knives, we can note the high wear resistance and impeccable sharpening. It is to such series that high demands are placed on anti-corrosion protection. In addition, the hunting knife is supplied with the strong and convenient handle. Rare and hard woods and genuine leather are used in its creation.
If you order an author's knife of this category, it is better to determine in advance its main purpose, which will focus on the manufacturer. For example, a hunting knife from damask steel can be cutting or skinning. There are no significant differences in performance between them, but the blade lines as well as the handle parameters can be adjusted for greater convenience during the cutting process.
Models of blades made of bulat, designed to solve culinary problems, are less common. The fact is that simple operations for cutting vegetables, fruits or bakery products with such a knife can only be performed by a professional who takes into account the peculiarities of handling this tool. But, again, when cutting carcasses with bones, a knife from damask or bulat will cope better than conventional kitchen counterparts and even axes. Therefore one copy for such cases all the same will be superfluous to have in any kitchen.
In the manufacture of folding models, the emphasis is on ease of transport and transport. The characteristics of the blade in this design are fully consistent with the performance qualities that are endowed with standard knives. Damask folding knife has a general design that allows you to hide the blade in the niche of the handle. Unfortunately, such models have one serious drawback - they lose to ordinary damask knives in reliability. This is due to the fact that the overall design is complicated because of the folding mechanism, and, as you know, the simpler the device, the more reliable the product itself.
Reviews of damask and damask knives
Basically, knives from bulat are evaluated according to the following criteria: wear resistance, cut quality, assembly reliability and external beauty. Actually, for all four characteristics, the correctly executed product of censures will not cause. But there are also specific shortcomings for damask and Damascus. In particular, the hardness and rigidity with which bulat knives are endowed often causes problems in sharpening them. The testimonies indicate that to perform such operations it is necessary to turn to the help of specialists, since it is impossible to fulfill this task at home. Another thing is that blunting such blades is not easy. According to many users, even cutting bones and wood only slightly affects the quality of sharpening. Another point that can upset the user who bought the knife is a tendency to corrode. Therefore, you should initially make sure that the model is able to contact the water and alkalis without harm.
The cost of damask knife affects many aspects. First of all, it is necessary to consider the characteristics of the blade itself. If the option with small sizes and without engraving is used, then its price will be 4-5 thousand rubles. The optimal versions assume the presence of an average-sized blade with a full list of the classic operational properties of damask steel, which is equipped with a simple but reliable handle without frills. This, for example, is a standard damask knife "pampukha", which can be purchased already for 7-8 thousand rubles.
The most expensive models fall into the hunting and gift categories. In the first case, the cost increases by increasing the technical properties of the metal at the manufacturing stage. In addition, hunting models are larger than ordinary knives. The price of such a product usually exceeds 10 thousand rubles. In the case of gift copies, the price maximum is not limited at all, since the design may suggest the presence of elements from expensive woods, precious stones and complex engraving. Such exclusive products can be valued tens of thousands of rubles.
Quite a rare phenomenon, when the technology of ancient crafts are used today in almost the original form. Modern blacksmiths draw their knowledge not from the instructions and methodologies of the metallurgical industry, but from the advice of experienced masters. This allows them to produce bulat knives of unsurpassed quality, which is an order of magnitude higher than most factory models. This can explain the popularity of private workshops, which in their work do not focus on mass production on machines, but on maximizing the secrets of forging and casting in their works. Of course, some advancements in the industry are technologically observed - more efficient and efficient furnaces, horns and associated forging equipment are used. But the spirit of making unique bulat and damask blades remains the same. It is characterized by
Tor handwriting and respect for every nuance of the production process.