Constitutional legal norms
Constitutional legal norms and institutionsconstitute the structure of the leading branch of Russian law. Like other disciplines, the industry under consideration is a set of provisions - rules of conduct that are generally binding for citizens. In necessary cases, constitutional legal norms are enforced using different forms of state coercion.
All the provisions constituting the structure,characterized by internal integrity, a number of common features. Constitutional legal norms are closely interrelated and differ from those that form other legal branches. All the signs of the normative acts of the region in question are determined by the peculiarities of those social relations to which they are directed.
It should be noted that constitutional-legalnorms are applied when regulating a certain part of social relations. However, this does not mean that this area of legal management is insignificant.
Constitutional legal norms arerules sanctioned by the state. Being a significant means of social orientation of citizens, these provisions are fixed in the relevant acts. These acts are adopted by competent state bodies, have a bilateral character (they establish both the rights and obligations of the parties). All types of constitutional and legal norms provide for the existence of a certain implementation mechanism, the components of which are ideological, material, legal and socio-psychological factors. The provisions in question are, among other things, guaranteed, purposeful, endowed with a situational nature.
Among the features that distinguish constitutionallegal norms from other, it is necessary, first of all, to name their special value and weight in the whole structure of the national law of the country. This sign indicates the ability of the provisions in question to regulate the relations that are formed in the process of realizing democracy. Thus, priority is given to constitutional norms, as well as their unconditional impact on the components that make up other legal branches.
These provisions structure the entire industry, defining its functional characteristics, as well as the directions of development and improvement.
To the most important features of constitutional normsit is necessary to attribute the highest legal force, the greatest stability (in comparison with the provisions of other industries), a high level of state protection, a constituent character, direct action.
The provisions in question are inherent in the politicalcharacter. This is due to the fact that the main subject of the field of law in question is state political relations that arise and are realized in the field of the functioning of power. However, these norms should not be characterized as exclusively political.
Among all the provisions considered, the essentialthe volume is occupied by atypical acts. These provisions do not determine the direct responsibilities and rights of the subjects. Untypical norms are a kind of binding component between the norms of other branches of law. It is through these provisions and the integrity of the entire legal structure is ensured. These acts include normative prescriptions that consolidate general principles in constitutional law: guaranteeing and constitutive norms, norms-definitions, legal constructions, presumptions.
The nature of the relationship, regulatedconsidered provisions, is their structure (composition). At the same time, the internal form of building and organizing constitutional prescriptions is specific, in which, as a rule, only the rule of conduct is contained.