City of Rostov, population: number and ethnic composition
At the moment, approximately one thousand one hundred cities are located on the territory of our country. They are scattered across the expanses of our vast country, but still more concentrated in central Russia. Sociologists attribute this to the fact that cities located in economically prosperous areas, which include the regions of the middle belt, are the most attractive for living. We decided to tell you about two cities with similar names, but with a completely different history and population. Already guessed what will be discussed? Of course, our article is devoted to Rostov and Rostov-on-Don - these two magnificent cities, which are real jewels in the placer of Russian cities.
Rostov: general characteristics
Rostov is one of the most ancient cities on the territory of our country, it has a very difficult past and no less interesting present.After all, it is not without reason that it belongs to the most beautiful and vibrant cities of average Russia.
The first records in the annals of the city date back to the ninth century, but historians believe that in fact this date is not reliable and Rostov existed long before the specified figure. After all, its first inhabitants were not Slavs at all.
At the moment, the population of Rostov is steadily growing. Every year the city is becoming more attractive and comfortable to live. According to analysts, the quality of life, which the population of Rostov has, is 15% higher than the average level in Russia.
Location and description of Rostov
Rostov is located only fifty kilometers from Yaroslavl and is located on the shores of Lake Nero. It is the largest freshwater lake in the area. Archaeologists and historians claim that it was inhabited by people six thousand years ago and the Slavs came here to fully formed settlements and settlements. In the future, the lake is often called Rostov, in honor of the city itself.
The ancient history of Rostov is reflected in a large number of historical monuments. They allowed to include the city in the list of cultural heritage of the country.The population of Rostov is very proud of the fact that their hometown is an indispensable point of the journey route along the so-called Golden Ring of Russia.
To date, there are more than one hundred and fifty monuments of federal importance in Rostov. In addition to them, the population of Rostov can tell you about another two hundred places, imbued with history and related to the cultural monuments of the city. It is worth visiting Rostov even for its extraordinary beauty, combining old mansions with modern buildings. And all the innovations do not spoil the look of the city, they successfully fit into the existing plan and complement the ancient facades of houses and churches.
Rostov the Great: a brief historical background
Data from analysts suggest that Rostov is basically a mono-national city. But few people know that this tradition did not always exist. We have already said that on the shores of the lake there lived tribes of Merya, which were very favorable to the arrival of the Eastern Slavs on their lands. And many archaeologists claim that Rostov was literally a city divided into two parts.In one settled Slavs, and the other was given to indigenous peoples. Moreover, residents of the city lived very peacefully, despite the religious differences. The Slavs who were Christians built churches in their part of Rostov and did not impose their convictions on the pagan tribes.
Over time, many other tribes began to flock to Rostov for permanent residence. The population has become even more diverse, but never in the entire history of the city there was no inter-ethnic strife. This helped to form a single component of the city - Rostovites, who know how to unite and peacefully coexist on the same territory.
Rostov is a pretty amazing picture for residents of large cities. After all, even the population growth over the past five years has not brought the city to a new level. According to sociologists, at the end of 2016, 30,943 people live in Rostov. This figure is stable, and fluctuations in numbers are mainly caused by an increase in the birth rate and a decrease in the death rate in the city.
In addition, the average life expectancy in Rostov is 75 years, which is much higher than the average national figure.This fact is associated with a good environmental situation and the lack of large industrial enterprises in the city.
Population density and ethnic composition
At the moment, the inhabitants of Rostov are represented mainly by Russians. They constitute more than 95% of the city’s population. The remaining 5% were distributed almost evenly among nations that came here from other regions of Russia. They do not constitute a static value, therefore they are rarely taken into account in official data.
The population density is 1970 people per square kilometer, which is a very high average for the country among cities with a population of less than one hundred thousand people.
"Southern Capital of Russia": general description
In the south of our country, Rostov-on-Don is one of the largest and most beautiful cities. Now it is considered to be a million-plus city. And he has been keeping an official history since the middle of the eighteenth century, and throughout his entire existence he has repeatedly appeared in a heroic light.
Now the city is the cultural, historical and administrative center of the southern region. To come to Rostov-on-Don and remain indifferent to it is simply impossible.The city conquers literally at first sight. Moreover, every year it becomes more beautiful and comfortable. Six years ago, Rostov was put in fifth place in the ranking of cities with a high quality urban environment. The population of this wonderful metropolis is proud not only of the heroic past of its city, but also of its present, filled with brilliant prospects.
For example, next year this city will become the venue for the World Cup. And this means that in the near future, Rostov-on-Don will become even more beautiful and will receive a powerful impetus to further development.
Location of the city
Rostov-on-Don and Moscow are separated by more than one thousand kilometers, a handsome city sprawls on the banks of the Don River, in the utmost proximity to the Sea of Azov. Residents of the city in the summer season at the weekend easily overcome forty kilometers of the way separating the city from the sea coast.
The history of the city
On the territory of modern Rostov, archaeologists have found remnants of settlements of ancient people, dating back to three thousand years BC. But the official history of the settlement dates back to the time of Peter I.The Russian autocrat during the seventeenth-century Azov campaigns appreciated the strategic importance of these territories. He wished to build a fortress here to protect the Russian lands from the raids of the Turks and Tatars, but for certain foreign policy reasons he could not do this.
Therefore, the Rostovites consider December 1749 the date of the city’s founding. At this time, the Empress Elizabeth issued a decree on the creation of Temernitskaya customs, by the will of fate lined up on the site of today's metropolis.
G. Rostov-on-Don: population
As we have already clarified, for many years it belongs to million-plus cities. If to be more substantive, then we can say that already in the eighties of the last century, Rostov-on-Don crossed the line of one million inhabitants and officially entered the ranks of special megacities.
At the moment, the population of Rostov-on-Don is 1 125 103 people. An impressive figure, is not it? The city takes the tenth place in the country according to the indicator, yielding to recognized leaders in Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as several other cities. Sociologists believe that if population growth does not stop, then after fifteen years Rostov will be in the top five cities in this list. In Europe, this Russian city occupies the thirtieth place in terms of the number of inhabitants.
It should be clarified that the figure characterizing the population of Rostov-on-Don, is more than 20% of all residents of the region. It can be said that every fifth person in the region lives in this metropolis. Many analysts attribute this to an abundance of jobs, because quite often people move here from villages and nearby small towns in search of a better life. Be that as it may, the city fully justifies its title of the “southern capital of Russia”.
Population density of Rostov-on-Don
Naturally, every large metropolis has a fairly high density of its inhabitants. This fully reflects Rostov. The population of the city has a density of 3 198 people per square kilometer. These figures exceed the average figures for Russia.
Ethnic composition of city residents
In recent years, official statistics do not reflect the real ethnic composition of the population. In analyst reports, it looks like this:
- 93% of inhabitants are Russians;
- three and a half percent of the population consider themselves to be Armenians;
- Ukrainians in the city about 1.5%;
- Azerbaijanis in Rostov no more than 0.6%;
- Tatars make up approximately 0.5% of the city’s population.
In addition to the nations already listed, Jews, Koreans, Belorussians and Georgians live in the metropolis. All these data are provided by official statistics, but in reality Rostov is not so simple.
The population of the city is a more colorful "carpet" of nations and nationalities. In the last census, many of its residents were able to indicate such a nationality as "Cossack". According to the residents of Rostov-on-Don, these people in the city more than twenty percent. According to alternative data, the ethnic composition can be represented as the following data:
- Russians - 90.1%;
- Armenians - 3.4%;
- Ukrainians - 1.5%;
- Azerbaijanis - 0.6%;
- Tatars - 0.5%;
- Georgians - 0.4%;
- Belarusians and Koreans by 0.3%;
- Jews and Lezgins at 0.2%;
- 0.1% of the total population are Kyrgyz, Uzbeks, Chechens, Ossetians, Ingushs, Greeks, Roma, and Tajiks;
- 1.7% of city residents attributed themselves to other nationalities.
Most of the population of Rostov-on-Don are women.
As we have seen, Rostov and Rostov-on-Don are completely different cities, radically different from each other. One of them can be attributed to the provincial pearls in the "Golden Ring of Russia", and the other is a real focal point of life and is formed under the influence of a multinational culture. But keep in mind that each of these cities is worth visiting.After all, they have an ancient history and incredible beauty that attracts Russians to them.