Catholic cross and Orthodox: what are the differences?
Among many areas of Christianity, mostly only Catholics and Orthodox worship icons and crosses. Crosses decorated churches, houses, and they are worn around the neck. But how does a Catholic cross differ from an Orthodox?
Forms of crosses
Today, shops in churches and shops offer a huge selection of religious attributes. However, very often even sellers cannot distinguish a Catholic cross from an Orthodox one. Actually, it is very simple. In the Catholic tradition, the four-pointed cross. In Orthodox traditions there are different - six-pointed, eight-pointed, four-pointed.
Four-pointed catholic cross
The most common form in the West. This type of cross appeared in the third century. It was first found in the Roman catacombs. Unlike the Orthodox tradition, Catholics pay less attention to what is depicted on the cross, and how. However, all Christians use the simplest four-pointed form as equilateral.
Crosses in Orthodoxy
1. Eight-pointed.He most closely matches the very cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. The Catholic cross is used by all the churches of Catholics, while the Orthodox eight-pointed one was widely spread in Russia and Serbia. The top plate is made with the application of characters on it. This is usually the phrase "Jesus of Nazareth, King of Judea." The prop for the feet of Christ is the symbol of the “righteous measure”, which weighs the virtues and sins of men. Usually this crossbar is slightly inclined to the left side - in memory of the repentant robber. Like a simple four-pointed Catholic cross, the Orthodox eight-pointed since ancient times is considered the most powerful defense against demons, invisible and visible evil, and all kinds of evil.
2. Six-pointed. This form has become widespread in the days of ancient Russia. It also shows a tilted crossbar. As in the eight-pointed, the lower end is a symbol of unrepentant sin, and the upper symbolizes repentance and deliverance.
Crucifix and his strength
Naturally, the church does not consider that the intersection of the two crossbars is sacred. The power of the cross is that which is depicted on it. You can even use a catholic cross drawn on paper, a photo,any other image - miracle and symbolism will be proportional to the belief of the person himself in this symbol. Until the ninth century, for example, Jesus was portrayed exclusively alive and triumphant. Only in the tenth century did the images of the already-dead Savior begin to appear. That is why the Catholic cross symbolizes and still Easter joy. Jesus Christ does not die, he prepares for the resurrection, stretches his arms, his palms are open. He voluntarily gives his love to people for whom he suffered. The Catholic cross, however, is simpler than the Orthodox, which has another one, smaller, above the main horizontal crossbar. It symbolizes a specific act of Jesus, an indication of his deed or words. You can also find a variety of Greek words and abbreviations on the halo of Christ. There may also be words on other rungs. For example, a symbol such as a Catholic cross, it is definitely Latin letters and phrases.