British longhair cats. Breed description and photo
Recently British longhair cats are becoming more and more popular. Body structure and temperament are similar to shorthair breeds, they stand out today as a completely independent species.
The appearance of these animals is not much different from the short-haired British, except that a longer hair. The breed standard relies on a number of characteristic features. The muscular torso of these cats is of medium size and well developed chest. The big head is located on a powerful and short neck. Wide forehead, very full cheeks, ears spread wide and have small curves at the ends. A feature of the long-haired British is that the color of large and round eyes corresponds to the coat color. The tail is rather thick, straight, with a rounded tip and necessarily fluffy.
Long wool is the main feature of this breed.It is more tender, soft and not as elastic as that of short-haired relatives, has a rather thick undercoat and does not fit the body. In addition, practically does not fade, does not roll, which greatly facilitates the care.
The work on the breed with the name of British long-haired cats began after the First World War, when English breeders crossed the British Shorthair and Persian with the aim of improving the appearance. As a result of the work done, weighted skeleton, asymmetry in the structure of the skull and some snub-nosedness appeared. The long-hair gene inherited is passed down from generation to generation.
British professional breeders continue to purposefully work on improving the breed, getting rid of some signs of Persians. Further selection should correct all the flaws. Today the British longhair cat is officially recognized. Photos of some of its representatives with a variety of colors are presented in this article. They participate in various exhibitions, including the right to receive the title of Best.But it’s too early to talk about any special achievements. It will take many more years of breeding work.
Types of color
A variety of colors are found in this breed of cats. Most often they have a solid color, in the absence of any stains or marks. But there are many variations (tabby, tortoise, bicolor, etc.).
Cats with tortoiseshell are evenly covered with spots - red and black or blue with cream. Smoky color includes light gray to black. In this case, the darkest part of the body is the head, as well as the legs and back. Wool on the ends has a contrasting color with respect to the base, it is much darker. Therefore, the undercoat usually looks snow white.
Very interesting color tabby. It can be marble, striped, tekirovanny or spotty - with any of them the British longhair cat breed looks unusually beautiful. Photos of these beauties of classic marble color should be considered carefully to highlight some of the features. These include a clear outline of the letter M on the forehead, lines running along the back from the back of the head, rings on the chest, neck, and a spotted belly.
Color bicolor is the addition of white color to the main, while it should not be more than half. It is mainly present on the chest and abdomen.
Breed highland fold
These are the British longhair lop-eared cats, gaining recently the increasing popularity among fans of cats. They are amazingly beautiful creatures, unusual ears which give the face a rather cute look. All breed standards comply with the requirements for short-haired lop-eared cats.
They are distinguished by their longer hair with a rather thick undercoat. Particularly prominent on the body is a lush collar, framing the neck, fur pants on the hind limbs and a very bushy tail. Even on the paws, interdigital space is adorned with small tufts of wool.
Due to the powerful backbone and developed muscles, the weight of these animals can reach 7–8 kg. The breed standard allows several color options. In order to avoid problems with the skeleton, the mating is carried out only with straight-fold breed cats with straight ears. Therefore, in the litter can be a variety of kittens - long-haired and short-haired, with straight ears or lop-eared.It is possible to judge what form of ears will be final only two weeks after the birth of babies.
British cats character
Although it is believed that the length of the coat does not affect the character, nevertheless, many owners say that the British long-haired cats have a softer and affectionate disposition compared to their short-haired tribesmen. These are very calm, balanced animals, they are friendly to children, as well as to other pets. But they can try to show dominance. They do not require special attention, but they will never give up the game. The first 2-3 years, the representatives of this breed love to frolic, play and run, but the older they get, the more they prefer peace and solitude.
Hereditary factors greatly influence the character. In order to get a healthy, harmoniously developed and as close as possible to the standard animal, it is best to contact the nearest nursery of British long-haired cats.
Like all babies, kittens can not sit long in place, they are very mobile, constantly spinning around.But as a rule, this happens only in the presence of one of the family members. Alone, they usually spend time in their sleep. The nature of these animals is quite calm and unobtrusive.
Kittens from the British longhair cat breed can not but cause feelings of emotion. In their fluffy fur coat with a lush collar around the neck and beautiful pants, they look like a small, lively cloud. It is a great pleasure to stroke their soft-touch soft wool.
It is important from the first days of the kitten's stay in the house to be engaged in his education, instilling norms of behavior. Otherwise, it will be quite difficult to wean an adult cat from bad habits.
Despite the fact that the British have long thick hair, caring for her is not at all burdensome. The special structure of the wool and its tight fit do not contribute to rolling and the formation of tangles. The need for combing occurs only during the period of molting. In no case should you use for this purpose podderki, which, in addition to dead hair, also pull out live. For the guidance of beauty there is a huge number of all kinds of modern combs and trimmers.
Combing is carried out 1-2 times a week from the head to the tip of the tail.This procedure does not take much time, and cats only get pleasure from it.
British longhair cats, like any other, very clean animals. Therefore, they often lick during the molting period, which leads to the ingress of large amounts of wool into the stomach. This can lead to various negative consequences. To dissolve clumps of wool and bring them out of the body, cats are given a special pasta-delicacy or vitamins.
Wash or not wash
Cats are not afraid of water at all, love to play with a trickle flowing from a tap. But it is recommended to wash them only in extreme cases when too much pollution appears or the molting proceeds too intensively. In this case, you should use specialized shampoos designed for cats.
There is a certain diet for the breed British long-haired cat. Photos of these beauties with their silky thick hair are just gorgeous, and an important role in this is played by feeding the animal.
Such foods as boiled chicken, fresh beef, quail eggs should form the basis of the food.Babies need to include dairy products in the menu. When feeding cats with homemade food, vitamins and minerals are always added to the feed.
You should know that you can not give cats of this breed pork, tubular and fish bones. Fatty and smoked food can lead to metabolic disorders. There are a number of special ready-made feeds, which include all the useful ingredients that the British longhair needs.
The description of the breed of these charming animals does not characterize them as ordinary pets, but as real family members who, with their temperament and docile nature, can add to the cohabitation a lot of positive emotions.