Boxing rules How many rounds in boxing? Boxing judge
Since ancient times, people loved the spectacular fights of fist fighters. Nowadays, fights to death have already sunk into oblivion, but in itself the martial art has transformed into a sport called boxing. This direction of competition is appreciated all over the world, and millions of people are engaged in it. In this regard, it will be appropriate to consider in the article the rules of boxing, its features and subtleties.
Amateur boxing originated in Albion. It is therefore logical that the fact that the first association of amateur boxers was formed in England looks like. It happened in 1881. Seven years later, a similar structure was formed in North America, where the first boxing rules were also indicated. The third country in which martial arts gained popularity and gained its association was France.
Today, the amateur boxing associations of each country are subject to the main structure in this sport - AIBA.
The boxing rules state that the athlete has the main task in the square of the ring, which is to hit the opponent and score points. The ideal option is considered to bring the opponent to a state where he will not be able to continue to fight further. Fighters must be in special gloves, as well as have on their hands boxing bandages.
Directly boxing match starts from hitting the gong. Opponents seek to score points, literally beating each other with fists, more precisely, the closed part of the joints of the hand. In this case, strikes are made exclusively in the permitted zones - the body above the belt, the side and frontal parts of the head. It is worth pointing out that even very clear hits on the opponent's hands do not bring any points to the attacking fighter, in fact, as the judges do not evaluate and poorly strikes. An important caveat: the computerized scoring system used in competitions will not assign a single point to a combatant until at least three judges agree with this fact. Each judge, by the way, has two buttons, one for each boxer.
If the athletes entered the exchange with blows, and none of them has the physical ability to inflict a hard, accented blow, then the judges wait for the end of this episode and assign the score to the one who showed himself better. The rules of amateur boxing stipulate that at the end of a duel a victory is awarded to a wrestler who was able to score more points. When this indicator is the same for both athletes, the judges determine the best one on the basis of more confident conduct of combat and superiority of equipment. Well, if these factors mentioned above are identical, then the judges give preference to the one who better defended themselves during the bout.
More about judging
A boxing judge is a person authorized to monitor the strict observance of the existing rules and regulations of combat and score points.
Absolutely any competition is served by a whole brigade of judges. The main responsibility rests with the Chief Judge, who not only closely monitors compliance with the existing rules, but also has the right to make a final decision on any controversial or technical issue that may arise during a tournament or a fight.
Directly behind the actions of the athletes in the ring are five side judges who determine the winner. Boxing rules allow for the presence of three side referees, but in this case the competition must be at a level not higher than the regional championship.
The timekeeper is a person who monitors the time of the fight and gives the appropriate signals of the beginning and end of the match. The informing judge is engaged in warning the spectators and athletes with all the necessary information both during the competition and during the breaks. Directly the referee in the ring closely monitors the execution of the rules by the boxers and, if necessary, gives them commands and comments, warnings. The duties of the tournament commandant include providing participants with the required technical and economic equipment.
Amateur competitions have the right to serve the judges, referees of any gender. Men and women are absolutely equal in this matter. However, those judges who control the fights of professionals are not allowed to work in the amateur ring.
Weight categories in the amateur boxing total 11 divisions.Their names are absolutely conditional, since the official sports documentation only indicates the designation in kilograms. The list in general form is as follows:
- The minimum weight (the fighter should weigh up to 48 kilograms).
- The lightest category (up to 51 kilograms).
- The lightest weight (up to 54 kilograms).
- Featherweight division (up to 57 kg).
- Lightweight (up to 60 kg).
- Lightweight category (up to 64 kg).
- The first average weight (up to 69 kg).
- The second average weight (up to 75 kg).
- Light heavyweight (up to 81 kg).
- The first heavy weight (up to 91 kg).
- Heavyweight category (more than 91 kg).
Separation by age
The rules of boxing competitions, in accordance with the changes made to them from 01/01/2017, determine the names of groups of athletes and their age:
- Boys and girls, average age - 12-13 years.
- Boys and girls, older age - 14-15 years.
- Juniors and juniors - 16-17 years.
- Juniors - 18-22 years.
- Women and men - 18-40 years.
Note that earlier, the maximum age of amateur boxers who have the right to compete in international tournaments was 34 years, and now 40 years old.
And how many rounds in boxing? It depends on the age of the fighters. Athletes 12-13 years old spend three rounds lasting under a minute and a half each, juniors - three rounds of 2 minutes, in adults - three rounds of 3 minutes.At the same time between rounds required break in one minute. This applies to experienced athletes.
Boxing rules for beginners notify that at the age of 12-13 years newcomers spend three rounds of one minute, young novices also have 3 rounds of 1 minute, and adults three rounds of two minutes.
Regardless of age, a fighter who has been boxing for less than three months is not allowed to enter any tournament.
The essence of the battle
Knockout and knockdown is what any boxer aspires to. In the course of a duel, an athlete is considered to have been knocked down if, after a strike missed from an opponent, he touches the floor with any part of his body, except for the feet. Also, a helpless hang on the ropes or behind them after a strike is considered to be a knockdown, or the athlete is on his feet, but definitely has difficulty in continuing the fight. When a boxer is knocked down, the referee counts him down to 10. If after that the fighter is not able to continue the fight, then his opponent will be credited with a knockout victory.
When a boxer is able to immediately get up after receiving a strike, then in any case the referee will count him to 8. And after the fight will continue. Gong from the knockdown of a fighter can save only in the last round of the bout. In the remaining rounds, the countdown will be performed after the gong.
In those rare cases when both fighters are simultaneously knocked down, the countdown will be kept until one of them is in this state. If both cannot recover after 10 seconds, then the victory is awarded to the one who scored the most points at the time of the stop.
Violations and liability
No matter how many rounds are in the box, the referee has the right to issue a warning to the boxer or to disqualify him. If the violation is minor, the judge may well not even stop the fight, but make a comment during the break between rounds. Three voiced remarks for a violation of the same type are automatically transformed into a warning. In turn, the three warnings - an unequivocal disqualification. During each warning, the referee must stop the bout, notify the fighter and notify the side judges. One intentional violation is enough for disqualification.
The main violations in boxing are:
- Beating below the belt, knee, foot, elbow, shoulder, forearm, open glove, edge of the palm, on the back, neck, kidneys, neck.
- The use of asphyxiating receptions, jolts, holding an opponent, ropes.
- Pushing an opponent for the ropes, throws, straps, low body slopes.
- Conducting attacks on a lying or rising opponent.
- Passive style of protection, turning away your back, talking, insulting.
- Ignoring referee commands.
- Intentional spitting kapa.
As for the possible results of the fight, the options are as follows:
- Victory on points.
- The opponent refuses to continue the fight, or his second makes it for him.
- Victory because of a clear advantage. In case of a break in points of 20 units, this option is possible. Knock-downs also play a role: it all depends on the qualifications of the athletes, but a maximum of 3, and the fighter is considered the loser.
- Stop the fight due to the inability to continue it. This is possible due to injury.
- Victory due to the disqualification of the opponent.
- Victory by knockout.
- Victory due to the absence of an opponent.
- The victory made on the basis of the decision of the Ground Jury.
- Draw. It is possible not always, but only in cases when it is stipulated by the competition regulations.
It is worth noting that before each fight the doctor is obliged to examine the boxer and make a conclusion about his suitability for the fight.In the course of the battle, three doctors are located near the gong, and each of them can stop the fight, if there are relevant medical prerequisites.