Barberry ordinary - medicinal raw materials
Barberry - shrub up to three meters with brown bark. Its thin, leafy branches are directed upwards. They are seated with large, simple spines.Its leaves are rather large, narrowed at the base in a short scape. Its yellow flowers, having a peculiar sharp smell, are collected in axillary brushes. They have six petals. Barberry fruiting oblong bright red sour edible berries. All the organs of this plant contain alkaloids, the main of which, derived from the roots, is berberine. In addition, the barberry is rich in malic, citric, tartaric and other organic acids, sugar, pectin substances, ascorbic acid.
Barberry, care for which does not cause much trouble, after planting need to be mulched. Feed the soil is allowed one year after planting. In the spring, the plant prefers nitrogen fertilizers. Once in three years, complex chemicals are introduced into the earth.Watering barberry ordinary need once a week. But he needs constant weeding and loosening. Immature and weak shoots are immediately trimmed. In the spring, shrub adjustment is carried out when thin stems are removed. If the barberry is planted as a hedge, then in the second year half of its above-ground part is removed. And after pruning is carried out twice a year: at the beginning and end of summer. The barberry with small height does not need a hairstyle, therefore it is often planted for zoning a site. This shrub propagates by cuttings, seeds and division.
Reproduction by seeds and cuttings
Seeds are obtained from pressed and lightly dried fruits. They are sown in the autumn in small grooves. Seed germination on fertile and loose soil is almost one hundred percent. After the appearance of the first two leaves, the seedlings are thinned out, thirty centimeters are left between them. Over the next two years they are not transplanted. Cherenkov reproduction is performed by planting semi-woody branches. They are cut into pieces of ten centimeters. Then the cuttings are rooted in soil prepared from equal parts of sand and earth.Top landing cover glass or film to maintain humidity.
Almost all parts of this plant: the bark of its shoots, roots, leaves, flowers, fruits - are medicinal raw materials. Alcohol extract from it is excellent for sympathetic nerve endings. Roots are the raw material from which berberine is obtained, which is used as a choleretic and pressure lowering agent, which can also cause uterine contraction. Broth bark with roots watered patients with a tumor of the liver, cancer of the stomach or throat. In addition, it helps with pleurisy and tuberculosis, diseases of the oral cavity and eyes. Bisulfate obtained from leaves is an excellent means for narrowing blood vessels and speeding up blood coagulation. In addition, it is used in gynecology to stop bleeding in the postpartum period, as well as in inflammatory processes. Tincture of the fruit of barberry - an excellent antibacterial and sedative. Hindus use the barberry ordinary for scarlet fever, as well as a tonic. In Bulgaria, its fruits are used for diabetes and stomach cramps. Buryats treat flu and cold for them.