Anthurium ("male happiness"): care and reproduction at home
Residents of tropical regions of Colombia are confident that red anthurium brings happiness and prosperity to their homes. There is even a custom to decorate the house of the newlyweds with anthurium flowers, they do not wither for a very long time and during the whole honeymoon delight the young couple. Anthurium is also called "male happiness", it is customary to give men, as it personifies courage, power and passion for a woman. People call this beauty differently: “flamingo flower”, “bloody tongue”, or “pig tail”.In order for the flower to please its exotic look, you need to know in which place of the house to “settle” the anthurium, how to care for it and how to propagate the plant. According to the old belief, if "male happiness" is in the house, then its owners will be lucky in everything. If you decide to get such a miracle of nature, then in this article you will find everything about how to handle it.
Anthurium (flower): description
Now there are about 28 species of this beautiful plant. In addition, breeders bred more than 75 hybrids. Anthurium (flower)It is very beautiful, it pleases the eyes both its flowering and the leaves. They are painted in a dark green color, heart-shaped or arrow-shaped, up to 40 cm long.
Flowers amaze with their exotic beauty and variety of colors. The flower looks like a spike of yellow, pink or white color, surrounded by a beautiful shiny coverlet, which can have a color from dark red to white, sometimes there are elegant specks on it. The shape of the veil is like a human heart.
Whole eight months anthurium bloomingcontinuouslypleases its owner with the beauty of the buds, although some of them only bloom for about 40 days. If you follow all the rules of care for the exotic handsome, the plant can grow up to 0.8 m in height and up to 0.5 m in diameter.
Anthurium at homeperfectly grows and multiplies, if skillfully approached this matter. To make the flower feel comfortable, pick up a wide enough for it, but not a deep pot.It is necessary for the branched root system to develop normally. Too large flowerpot is not recommended, as it can be the cause of the lack of inflorescences.
Anthurium does not tolerate an excess of moisture, excessive moisture leads to rotting and death of the whole flower. To avoid this, it is necessary to lay a layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot, then fill up part of the earth mixture, carefully place the plant or seeds and sprinkle with the remaining earth. The mixture is recommended to prepare from turf land, pieces of moss and rotted foliage.
How to care for anthurium
Anthurium is considered one of the most beautiful flowers. How to carefor this beauty, now we will consider in detail. The first thing I want to say is that “male happiness” in our latitudes can only be grown in indoor conditions. Before turning to the rules and characteristics of care, it is worth noting that this flower cannot be called simple and unpretentious. It is very capricious, it requires a lot of attention to itself, but in return it gives beautiful inflorescences and, according to legends and beliefs, happiness and well-being at home.
Particular attention in the care of anthurium should be paid to watering and moisturizing.The plant loves the “shower” from the spray gun, but it must be remembered that the excess moisture for it is lethal. Therefore, it is necessary to spray very carefully, so that water droplets fall only on the leaves. If flowers fall under such a rain, they can become stained and fall off. It is recommended to install a humidifier in the rooms where “male happiness” lives, especially when the heating season begins.
Now let's talk about watering. Too often it is forbidden to conduct it. In summer, it is recommended to water 1 time in 4 days, and in winter - 1 time in 7 days. It is also not necessary to fill in too, as the roots are very sensitive to water and can immediately begin to rot. About this danger the plant will immediately signal blackening of the leaves. In this case, an urgent need to stop watering and dry the ground in the pot. Thus the flower can be saved.
Continuing the theme of water, we note the fact that anthurium is a flower,who does not like hard water. Especially bad, he will react if you decide to pour it with water, just recruited from the tap. The result of such an oversight will be the absence of flowering and drying of the leaves.Before irrigation, water must be defended.
When caring for "male happiness" you need to remember about feeding. If on time and correctly, according to the instructions, fertilize anthurium, it will grow strong and beautiful. This should be done on a monthly basis, starting in March and ending in November.
Reproduction of anthurium at home
Anthurium ("male happiness")It is best to multiply the method of dividing the bush into several parts. You can still grow a plant from seed, but this method is more difficult, and, naturally, you will have to wait longer for beautiful inflorescences.
The division of the bush will not only allow to reproduce anthurium, thanks to this procedure, the plant will preserve youth longer. It is recommended to do this every year, dividing the bush into 2-3 parts.
Where to "settle" anthurium
Some lovers of flowers, having learned that anthurium ("male happiness")originally from South America, where the sun is hot and sometimes merciless, they put a pot with this handsome southern man in a place that is completely open to the sun. This is a big mistake, since anthurium does not tolerate direct sunlight and any other bright lighting. If the summer does not hide the flower in time in the shade, then its leaves will get sunburn.
With the onset of winter, "male happiness" is recommended to be placed in a well-lit place.Thus, the plant will be able to stock up on the forces for future flowering. If during the cold season anthurium will feel a lack of sunlight, it may well turn yellow.
The humidity in the room should be high, while the air temperature should be relatively low (+18 ... + 20 degrees, not higher).
Like all living things on earth, Anthurium ("male happiness")can get sick and die if you do not notice the danger in time and do not take measures to save the plant. The most common flower diseases are anthracnose and septoria. You can recognize them by the yellow-brown spots on the leaves. Having found a problem, you must immediately remove the affected leaves, then the whole plant is treated several times with a special mixture recommended by specialists.
Useful properties of the flower
An interesting fact is that anthurium ("male happiness")gives people not only their beauty, this plant also brings considerable benefits to human health and to clean the environment:
- Anthurium reduces the total microbial content in the room air by 70%, cleans the atmosphere from formaldehyde by 7.3%, as well as from ammonia and toluene.
- In folk medicine, the roots of some types of anthurium are used to prepare a medicine for headaches.
- Volatile plant secretions inhibit the development of streptococcus, staphylococcus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
- From Anthurium (A. Acutangulum) you can make tea that helps with whooping cough.
Red Anthurium: a beautiful legend
In talking about a beautiful plant called “male happiness”, it is impossible not to mention the beautiful ancient legend of how red anthurium appeared in nature.The roots of the legend go to the distant past, to the birthplace of the flower - South America. Between the locals there is a belief that the anthurium is an enchanted girl. Once upon a time, a cruel leader of an Indian tribe decided to marry the most beautiful girl in the village. His chosen one loved the other, so she chose to commit suicide in order not to live with the unloved. The girl in the wedding dress before the very ceremony of marriage rushed into the flames of the fire. The gods saved the desperate bride and turned her into a flower of red color, the same as the ceremonial dress of the unfortunate. Now her soul lives forever in a beautiful flower called Anthurium.