Actor Boris Babochkin: biography, personal life, filmography. Babochkin Boris Andreevich as Chapaev
Boris Babochkin is a Soviet actor who many of us remember for his role as Chapaev. But in his creative piggy bank there are many other interesting works. Let's consider together the biography of the great artist.
Babochkin Boris Andreevich was born in 1904 (January 18) in Saratov. His mother was a schoolteacher. And my father worked as a railway worker.
As a kid, he liked to listen to how his mother reads Pushkin’s poems and the works of other Russian authors. In 4 years, the first "acting" success of Bori took place. Together with his elder brother Vitaly, he spoke at the New Year tree holidays. Father took them to work. Small "guest performers" went out at each station (Saratov, Pokrovskaya Sloboda, Krasny Kut, and so on), read Nekrasov and congratulated people on the upcoming New Year.
Boris was the 13th year when the October Revolution took place.The boys and girls then grew up early. At the age of 13, our hero became a Komsomol member, and at the age of 15 he went to the army. So he decided Boris Babochkin. A familydid not dissuade him from this step. He was in the political department of the 4th Army of the Eastern Front, which included the 25th Chapayev Division.
The beginning of a creative way
Boris Babochkin, whose biography we are considering, could become a military man. But he was more attracted to acting.
After finishing school, the guy went to enroll in a theater studio located in Saratov. Before the members of the selection committee, he read an excerpt from M. Gorky's poem - “Fairy”. Borya did it perfectly. He was immediately enrolled in a senior course.
Conquest of Moscow
In the drama studio Borya did not study for long. The head of the institution, A. Kanin, for a month saw in him natural talent and enormous creative prospects. Our hero began to gather in Moscow. Kanin handed him a letter of recommendation intended for V. Nemirovich-Danchenko.
Boris Babochkin arrived in the capital in a soldier's overcoat and boots. In this huge city he had no acquaintances and friends. The year 1920 was in the yard. People were starving.16-year-old Boria understood that he needed to go to Nemirovich-Danchenko and deliver the letter. But he did not.
A native of Saratov decided to try his hand. He managed to enter two theater schools - to Mikhail Chekhov and to the studio “Young Masters”. There was a choice before him. Boris gave preference to the second option.
In 1921, Babochkin graduated from the Young Masters studio. Together with head I. Pevtsov and classmates, he traveled to Ivanovo-Voznesensk to perform in a local theater. The audience met them perfectly.
For 5-6 years, Boris Babochkin participated in different productions, playing over 200 roles. He worked in theaters in Moscow, Voronezh, Mogilev and Samarkand. Our hero plunged into acting life. Loud applause, shouts of “Bravo!”, Flowers and gifts from fans — all this gave Boris moral satisfaction.
In 1927, an important stage in the work of Babochkin. His creative wanderings end. Boris Andreevich was accepted into the main troupe of the Leningrad Theater of Satire. But he did not work long.
In 1931, the young actor moved to the Drama Theater of the People’s House (now the Drama Theater named after A. Pushkin).In a short time he managed to conquer the Leningrad public. One of the most famous theater critics, A. Kugel, became interested in his person. On stage Gosnardoma Babochkin played one of his best roles. By the production of "First Horse", he successfully reincarnated in Sysoev. His character was a rebel by nature and a true patriot.
First roles in movies
Boris Babochkin film debut was held in 1928. In the drama "Mutiny" he played the battalion commander Karavaeva. Director Semyon Tymoshenko was pleased with the cooperation with him. But our hero this work did not bring moral satisfaction. The fact is that in silent cinema the actors played the role of puppets. The directors directed their every action. And Boris fought for the right to creative expression.
This was followed by filming in two dramas - “The Conspiracy of the Dead” and “The Return of Nathan Becker.” In 1932, when the cinema was already sound, he received from the director V. Korsh-Sablin an offer to play in his film The First Platoon. The actor carefully studied the script and agreed. Boris was approved for the role of Makar Bobrik. The character turned out bright and believable.
Boris Babochkin - "Chapaev"
In 1934, the actor found out about all-Union fame and recognition of the audience. Then the military drama tape “Chapaev”, which was awarded the Stalin Prize, appeared on the screens.
Boris Babochkin not only brilliantly got used to the image of the commander of the Red Army, but also acted as a co-author of the film. Chapaev in his performance became a truly national hero. In the future, a lot of legends, parables and anecdotes were added about him.
Few people know that the commander of the Red Army was to play Nikolai Batalov. But because of tuberculosis, he had to abandon this role. The director decided to replace him with Vasily Vanin, who tried on the image of Chapaev on the theatrical stage. But in the end, the role went to Babochkin. Thanks to the efforts of make-up artists and costume designers, the image turned out to be as close as possible to the “original”.
The first who saw the tape "Chapaev" (November 4, 1934) were Molotov, Stalin, Voroshilov, as well as Shumyatsky and Yenukidze. Joseph Vissarionovich approved the picture. He noted that the film about the commander of the Red Army has a great educational value. After that, the war tape began a triumphal march through the Soviet Union.
Further film career
Many actors become hostages of one role.No exception and our hero. But Boris Babochkin did not agree with this. Films with his participation continued to appear on the screens.
In 1935, he played the Bolshevik Andrei in the drama "Girlfriends". Babochkin's acting was great. However, viewers still saw Chapaev in his hero.
In 1937, the directors M. Dubson and K. Gakkel approved Boris Andreevich for the main role in the dramatic film “Big Wings”. His character is the designer Kuznetsov. In 1938, fans were able to see Babochkin in the military film “Friends”. He managed to convey the character and life principles of his hero - the communist Alexei, whose prototype is S. Kirov.
The beginning of the Great Patriotic War found Boris Andreevich in Riga. In the capital of Latvia, under the direction of director S. Timoshenko, the shooting of the “Loop of the Noose” tape took place. He got the role of pilot Utochkina Sergey. Filming had to roll. They did not resume after the Victory.
During the war, B. Babochkin continued to be removed. His films were replenished with the following pictures: “The Defense of Tsaritsyn”, “Front” “Invincibles” and others. Also the short film “Chapaev with us” was presented to the audience.
From the last of his films, one can distinguish the film-play “Boring Story” (1968), the sci-fi tape “The Flight of Mr. McKinley” (1975) and the film adaptation of M. Gorky’s play “Dostygaev and Others” (1975).
Director and teacher
Actor's art is not the only sphere in which our hero succeeded. Back in 1936, Boris Andreevich made his debut as a director. On the stage of the Drama Theater. A. Pushkin, he carried out the production of "Nora" (based on the play by G. Ibsen).
In 1937, Babochkin changed jobs. He moved to the Grand Drama Theater. M. Gorky, where he continued to directing. A year later, Boris became the artistic director of this cultural institution. He put a number of performances that the local public took a bang. But with the "King Potap" any difficulties. Babochkin considered this performance to be his best directorial work. But the artistic council of the theater did not share his views. Upset to tears, Boris wrote a letter of resignation and went to Moscow. From 1940 to 1945 He was an actor and director of the theater. Vakhtangov.
From the end of the 1930s, B. A. Babochkin taught in the beloved city of Leningrad, in the theatrical studio at the BDT them. Gorky. That's not all.Since 1944, he has lectured to students of VGIK.
Boris Babochkin: personal life
Our hero can not be called a womanizer and ladies' man. He was one-man. In 1927, Boris married the ballerina Ekaterina Georgieva. Their eyes shone with happiness.
In 1929, the couple had a firstborn, daughter Natasha. The young father himself bathed and swaddled the baby. A few years later, another replenishment occurred in the Butterfly family. Their second daughter Tanya was born. Spouses dreamed of a third child (preferably a boy). But fate had its own way.
Catherine and Boris have been married a little less than 50 years. Only death could separate them. The actor died first - in 1975, and his beloved wife was gone in 1988
Babochkin Boris - an actor who three times becomes the winner of the State Prize of the USSR (in 1941, 1951 and 1977). He was also a knight of two Orders - the Red Banner of Labor and Lenin. In 1963 he was awarded the title "People's Artist of the USSR". That's not all. In 1974 (for his 70th birthday), he became the Hero of Socialist Labor.
On July 17, 1975, Babochkin got behind the wheel of a car and went to the editorial office of the Izvestia newspaper to take his article about the international film festival in Moscow. On the way back to the Maly Theater, he became ill.The actor pressed the brake pedal, but did not manage to take heart medicine in time. Someone from the passers-by called an ambulance. The doctors who arrived at the scene of the incident were powerless - Babochkin died. This news was a real blow to his family, colleagues and fans.
The famous artist found the last shelter at the Novodevichy cemetery (Moscow). Today, on his grave, a good monument of black and gray marble is installed. For cleanliness and order follow relatives of Boris Andreevich, as well as employees of the Russian Actors Guild.
Today we remembered another bright and talented person, an artist with a capital letter. In the life of Boris Babochkin was everything: a cozy home, family and work, bringing moral satisfaction.