Abyssinian cat breed: breed description, character and reviews
Today, there are several versions of how the Abyssinian cat breed appeared. All of them are to some extent plausible and have the right to exist, but at the same time contain quite controversial points. The name of this breed comes from the name of the country that was located in the east of the African continent - Abyssinia (today we know it as Ethiopia). Therefore, the main of the existing versions is Abyssinian. In addition to unconfirmed documented versions, there are real facts about which we will tell you.
The Abyssinian cat, the history of which is quite ancient, appeared officially from the moment the first animal, which became the ancestor of the breed, was brought to the UK in 1868. Three years later (1871) she was put up under the nickname Zula at an exhibition in the London Crystal Palace. The Abyssinian cat was first mentioned in the Harpers Weekly newspaper in 1872.Features of the breed are described in detail in the article. And this is not by chance, because at the exhibition she took the honorable third place. Two years later (1874), Gordon Stables in great detail told about this animal in his book.
The Abyssinian cat breed was officially recognized in England in 1882. In the future, her best qualities were consolidated and improved by crossing with a short-haired British breed. In 1889, the first official standard was published.
In 1896, cats of the Abyssinian breed, whose photos can be seen today in all reference books on animals, were first officially registered in the breeding book of the club of Great Britain.
Abyssinian in the USA
The first two representatives of this breed in 1907 were exported to America - the silver cat Aluminum II and the cat of the same color Salt. It should be noted that by the middle of the 20th century silver colors had practically disappeared in England. Once again, the breeding of silver Abyssinians in the UK resumed only in the 1960s. It took quite difficult because of the lack of manufacturers.
In the US, cats of the Abyssinian breed reviews of animal lovers received enthusiastic.Therefore, for its development, the Americans took it seriously. In 1917, she was already recognized by the CFA. These wonderful animals were introduced to France in 1927. In the first half of the 20th century, the Abyssinian cat breed became widespread in Europe.
The threat of extinction of the breed
She appeared during the war with Nazi Germany. Then in Europe there were only less than two dozen of these animals. It was possible to recreate the breed after the war thanks to the import of these animals from the USA. In the 1970s, many cats of this breed in the UK became extinct due to the terrible epidemic of viral leukemia. This did not happen because the Abyssinian cat was particularly susceptible to this disease. Characteristics of the breed suggests that they are susceptible to this infection no more than other breeds. But the Abyssinians were few in number, few good males survived at that time. Mating was done very often. This influenced the wide spread of the disease. By the end of the 80s of the last century about ten manufacturers remained in the UK.
The researchers of these animals claim that over the past hundred years they have changed somewhat outwardly - cats have become more graceful and smaller, their backbone is lighter, their ears are bigger. New colors have also appeared, and the traditional wild color has become much "warmer".He was first called red (red), but officially recognized him in 1979 under the name "Sorrel." In 1984, he recognized the blue color, in 1985 - the faun.
Abyssinian cat in Russia
In the USA, these graceful animals keep their place in the top five of the most popular breeds. In our country, such beauties are still quite rare. In Russia, only in the 90s the first Abyssinian appeared. The cat, whose characteristics were immediately interested in the specialists, was brought from Europe.
Around this time, the first Russian nurseries appeared - Tabiti, Golden Lion. In the development of the breed, an important role was played by the Tabiti's Lancelot cat of the wild color, which became the first representative of American animals in Russia.
According to the owners of these animals, the Abyssinian cat is very beautiful. The breed standards of different phelinological associations are somewhat different from each other. Recent years have become more noticeable differences in the type of Abyssinian European and American breeding. Thus, today it is possible to distinguish two breed types - American and European.
American blood animals have a lighter skeleton, while they are larger.They have lower and wide-set ears, a not so strong chin, a shorter coat with an underdeveloped undercoat.
European Abyssinians today have preserved the smoothness of the lines and the surprisingly harmonious proportions of cats that adorned Egyptian murals. And, of course, the main distinguishing feature of Europeans is their unique “smile”.
Huge, wide-open amber eyes, satin fur coat, in every pose of this beauty, turning her head, exquisite perfection is visible. True, it is rather difficult to keep track of the poses of an amazing animal - this is a real clot of mercury. Just a second ago, she was standing nearby, but you do not have time to stretch out your hand to her, as she disappears, and a moment later you will be elsewhere. Here she is half asleep basking on the master's bed, and suddenly this red-lightning flashed and disappeared.
Do not try to pick it up. If you succeed in catching it, you will not be able to hold it - it will slip away, as if it will leak through your fingers. But then she will surely come to the owner herself, jump on her knees, get comfortable and purr loudly.
These are short-haired animals of medium size.The Abyssinian cat breed differs from its other relatives by its special grace and royal posture, which is inherent only in this breed. They are strong and flexible members of a well-muscled family. Cats are much larger than cats.
Their body, according to the standards, should not be too stretched, it should be muscular, dense and flexible. Slightly arched back and round chest. The head is wedge-shaped, the nose is of medium length, and the chin is well developed. Long and muscular limbs are quite proportional to the body. The tail is quite long, at the base it is thick, but tapering towards the end.
Growth of cats reaches 32 cm, and cats - 28 cm and weight from 4 to 7.5 kg. True, individuals are more common, their weight is within five kilograms. Wide and rather large ears are set wide apart. The neck is elegant and long.
The Abyssinian cat breed differs from other breeds with surprisingly expressive, intelligent eyes. They are very large and have an almond shape. Eye color is amber or green, they have a well-marked black bezel.
The coat is rather thin, short, but thick and silky, tight to the body. Interesting fact: Abyssinian kittens are born much more fluffy than their parents.
Four colors of this breed are officially recognized - wild, blue, sorrel and fawn. The most common is the first. TICA, FIFe and ACF recognized silver colors, CCCA recognized purple and chocolate as well as their silver variants, GCCF added tortoise and cream colors to their breeding, as well as their silver variants.
Abyssinian cat breed. Character
The nature of these animals does not correspond to their external royalty, however, they love respect for their own person.
Abyssinians are smart, loyal and docile. These animals do not tolerate loneliness, so it is advisable to have another pet if you are not at home for a long time. By the way, representatives of this breed quickly establish good relations with other animals. Kitties have a very nice voice - quiet and thin. He can hardly annoy anyone.
The temperament of the Abyssinian cats is perfectly balanced, they learn quickly and very easily learn the rules of behavior in their new home.
Despite the fact that the animal is very active, with proper upbringing, it will not jump on carpets and curtains or spoil upholstered furniture. The cats' slightly wild appearance is deceptive, their character is perfectly balanced. For no reason, they do not scratch and do not release claws.
These are very neat and clean animals that appreciate the care and attention of the owners. Such a pet is very attached to the owner and does not tolerate loneliness. This is a true friend and diligent assistant in all affairs of the owner. Abyssinka needs respect, attention and caress, for which she gives a person her love. Whatever you do, the cat will be close to each other, taking an active part in what is happening. These quiet animals prefer tactile communication verbal.
Pay attention to the socialization and upbringing of your pet, as these beauties sometimes want to dominate the house.
Maintenance and care
Abyssinian cats, whose photos you can see in our article, do not need special care. It is enough to wipe the wool of these animals during shedding with wet palms and bathe it once a month. Most of these cats are very fond of water and with great pleasure they climb into it, so the owners of problems with bathing will not arise. To wash, use a special shampoo.
It is necessary to monitor the condition of the ears and eyes of your pet. If in the ears you notice a collection of dark secretions, remove them with a cotton swab moistened with water or liquid paraffin.
If there are discharges from the eyes, they should be wiped with a cotton swab dipped in strong tea, and you should consult with a veterinarian, because it is extremely rare in a healthy cat. In addition, you need to brush your pet. This should be done at least once every ten days.
Do not forget to arrange a separate corner for your pet. To do this, it is best to buy a house and scratching post.
In general, it is a healthy cat breed. But some diseases also await her. Most often - gingivitis, arising from malnutrition. Hereditary diseases include renal amyloidosis, which can be fatal. Many breeds of cats suffer from this kidney disease, but veterinarians consider Abyssinians to be its characteristic feature. Illness is not transmitted by all breeding lines to their offspring, so you should not refuse to purchase a pet for this reason. In addition, if the breeder values his reputation, he will do everything necessary so that the kittens do not have health problems.
Abyssinian cat breed - character reviews
Many owners of these animals celebrate the great affection of their pets. They are very clean, quickly get used to the tray.With proper upbringing, abyssines do not spoil wallpaper and furniture, get along well with other pets.
Some owners point out that sometimes there are problems with very young children. Therefore, it is not recommended to start such an animal until your child understands that a living creature has appeared in the house, and not just another new toy.