A change house the hands: drawings, technology. How to build a dog house with your own hands
If you purchased a piece of land without buildings, the question arises of where to live for the first time or store the necessary tools. The cottage house will help to solve this problem. It’s quite simple to build it yourself, the main thing is to make the correct calculation of the amount of materials, purchase them and start construction.
Sizing facilities, site preparation
It is important to choose the right place. The future structure should not stand in the valley, take a flat area for it, then the preparatory work will take a minimum of time. It is better not to install a change house in the zone of strong cross winds, on an open hill.
Inspect the area on which the house will be built with their own hands. If there are bushes on it, they need to be dug up, trees should be cut down, stubs uprooted.After that, you can start marking the site under construction.
Usually, they make small sheds, for example, 6 x 3 meters. The size depends on the destination of the future house. If it will house the hozblok, stored tools, then it can be even less. The change house, built with its own hands, can consist of two rooms: residential and economic. For temporary residence a small family of this size is enough.
Pegs are driven in at the corners of the perimeter of the future structure, and a rope is pulled over them. It is necessary to align the lines, the two opposite sides should be strictly parallel, the other two should be perpendicular to them. For measurement accuracy, the rope is tensioned not only along the perimeter, but also along the diagonals. After the boundary of the future structure is determined, proceed to the next stage of work.
When deciding how to build a shed with your own hands, it is important to think about what it will stand on. The foundation is necessary, but under such a light construction it is sufficiently columnar. You can make it flooded or from ready-made blocks.
The pillars are installed in the corners, along the perimeter, in the center every 1.5-2 meters and on both sides of the entrance door.If you want to make a filler foundation, you need to dig holes in these places. Depending on the type of soil, they can be from 20 to 170 cm deep. The latter method is preferable in places with high groundwater levels, but it is expensive. Therefore, it is better to make a shallow-dwelling foundation, removing the soil by 20-50 cm. Further, asbestos cement pipes are installed in these pits, filled with crushed stone 7 cm, tamped with it, then 10 cm with sand and shed it with water. After that, pour the concrete on top, allow it to dry completely.
Even a jellied columnar shallow-deeper foundation will require quite a lot of physical effort. The barn, erected with his own hands, usually stands perfectly on ready-made concrete blocks of 20x20x40 cm. They make a cushion of sand and rubble under them, then lay blocks horizontally two to one on the other.
In the course of the level
After the concrete is completely dry (in the case of the foundation), proceed to the next stage. On columns of concrete or blocks put pieces of roofing material, folded in half. This is necessary so that the beams placed on top do not rot in the places of contact with the foundation.
Now you need to lay on the posts of long boards, check the level, whether the surface is flat. If not, install some blocks a little lower, having undermined them from the sides or simply jumped. This method is suitable when the foundation consists of ready-made blocks. If you made the pillars, then check the level of the surface level at the time of their concreting.
How to make a harness
Construction of sheds hands goes to the next stage. Put on the perimeter of the timber thickness of 100 x 150 mm. If you are building a small structure 6 by 3 meters, then you will need three 6-meter beams - 2 along the edges and one in the center; as well as two 3-meter. At the joints, it is necessary to cut, and then cut down a part of the upper and lower timber in half height, so that a smooth surface is obtained. In the same way, connect the six-meter central timber with the extreme three-meter.
Now make the second crown of the bar 100 x 100 mm, putting it around the perimeter. In the six-meter cut small recesses to lay in them the edges of genital lag. In this example, they consist of three-meter bars, they are nailed in increments of 1 meter.
How to knock down the frame
They will help to understand how the change house is done with their own hands, drawings. The next stage is the fastening of vertical bars. They can be 100 x 100 mm or 100 x 150 mm. Put the first, attach it with metal corners and screws. In order for this pillar to stand firmly, it is necessary to nail one side of the rail just below its top and the other to the corresponding side of the harness. Beat the second fence on the other side at the top of this vertical bar, and lower its edge to the corresponding trim bar.
Thus, vertical columns are put in the corners and every 2 meters, fasten them with long screws or nails. If you make a gable roof, then these vertical bars will be at the same height, if they are single-pitched, then they will be the same on one side of a long wall, and those that are on the opposite side are lower than the data.
Lay the floor beams horizontally on a row of vertical bar with one hand, nail. With the opposite position them in the same way. There, where there will be windows, a door, it is necessary to put additional vertical bars.
Roof and floor
The change house, made with your own hands, will be ready very soon.But first, thick beams — rafters — must be filled on the floor beams. Their dimensions are usually 50 x 100 mm. Across the rafters, nail the crate to the roof. It can be made of galvanized iron, ondulin. Do not forget to lay waterproofing between the board and the roofing material. To build a gable roof, it is necessary to cut the ends of the rafters at an angle of 45 ° and join them, knock them down at the top in pairs.
Before installing the floor, do not forget to treat the parts with an antiseptic, let it dry. Then attach and finish the rough boards close to each other, spread out a waterproofing film on them, heat insulation on it, and a waterproofing film on top as well. Then the finishing floor is stuffed, for example, from a euroboard. Here's how to build a change house with your own hands, there are very few.
Internal and external walls
The walls also need to be insulated. To do this, they are first upholstered outside with clapboard, then a waterproofing film is fixed on the inside with a stapler, a layer of insulation is placed on it, and a film is placed on it. The inner walls are also covered with clapboard. Wood-shaving panels are used instead of boards.
In this case, the walls can not be insulated or upholstered outside with finishing materials, for example, imitation under the timber. It remains to insert the window frames with glass, the door, process the walls with antiseptic composition of the desired color, and you can admire your creation.
DIY housekeeping - calculation of materials
This important question also needs to be addressed. If you decide to build a structure of 6 x 3 meters, depending on the type of columnar foundation you have chosen, you will need a certain amount of sand and rubble. For a block of enough of a cubic meter of both, as well as 24 blocks.
Next, you need to purchase bars. For this design is:
- 3 six-meter thick 100 x 150 mm;
- 2 three meters 100 x 150 mm;
- 10 in the size 100 x 100 mm - racks.
For a floor log and upper horizontal beams, 10 boards of 50 x 100 mm in size are needed and the same for rafters.
That's what you need to buy to be built by the house with his own hands. The calculation of materials also includes boards for a rough, finished floor, for roof lathing. Insulation, waterproofing, doors, nails, screws, window frames and roofing materials complete this list.