8 important stages of growing persimmon from the stone
With us on the window sills you can often see a lot of exotic plants, which perfectly coexist with violets and geraniums. Lemons, tangerines and oranges grown in flower pots, no one is surprised. But how to grow a persimmon from a stone can be an interesting and rewarding experience for many.
In ancient times, persimmon was called "food of the gods" or "divine fire." But indeed it is very tasty - juicy, fleshy, with a honey taste. Her bones are oblong and smooth. Many girls collect them and string them with beads or use them for handicrafts and applications.
Where and how does persimmon grow in natural conditions?
Persimmon got its name in ancient Persia and is translated as the date plum, when dried, the fruit tastes very much like sweet dates.
Persimmon is an evergreen long-lived tree, common in tropical and subtropical latitudes, the age can reach five hundred years, and the variety of species is not less.Persimmon fruit is a large, fleshy berry with smooth, polished bones, often astringent in taste, but always very sweet.
Most likely its distribution began from China, but is currently grown anywhere in the world at tropical latitudes. The main exporters are Japan, China, Brazil, Korea, Israel - in these countries they know how to grow persimmon and get the best fruits for export. In Russia, the cultivation of persimmon engaged in North Ossetia and the Krasnodar Territory.
The most favorite varieties of Russians - king and bull heart. These are sweet, juicy fruits with honey smack which practically do not knit.
In persimmon is a large amount of vitamin A - 50% and vitamin C - 20%. It has a diuretic effect, is useful for the liver and organs of vision, improves immunity, contains an impressive amount of antioxidants and is a preventive and therapeutic agent for many diseases from constipation to oncology. If it is used not only for pleasure, but also as a drug, then you can significantly improve your health.
- Cardiovascular diseases. Persimmon is rich in potassium, which strengthens the heart muscle.Two fruits a day and you can forget about the arrhythmia.
- Immunity. A high content of vitamins A and C.
- Nervous disorders. Magnesium in the composition of persimmon acts as a natural depressant.
- Intestines. Pectin fibers are a kind of brush: they absorb slags and act as a mild laxative.
- Cosmetic problems. A high content of vitamins and trace elements give the skin health, prevent aging. Persimmon has a beneficial effect on the hair and nails. Magnesium, calcium, iodine and iron make up the deficiency in the body.
In addition to the benefits can cause harm:
- destroys teeth, because it contains high levels of sugars and tannins;
- contraindicated in diabetes;
- does not combine with protein foods - due to tannins proteins stick together, which violates proper digestion;
- the skin contains tannins, which interfere with digestion and form gastric stones.
How to grow a tree at home: the main stages
All winter on store shelves we are indulged with an abundance of persimmon. Sometimes it is so tasty that I would like to try to grow it at home. Want exotics in a flower pot? Pitted persimmon at your service!
Getting planting material
Getting planting is easy. Of course, you can buy seeds in some well-known agrofirm, but it is better to do it easier and much nicer. Choose ripe, tasty and non-astringent. Eat it, rinse the bones in warm water and dry.
In such a tasty way, get a few bones from different fruits, then the guarantee that they will germinate will be higher. Here are the seeds ready for planting.
By the way, if the bones are held for a couple of days in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, then we can eliminate the marriage - the surfaced ones are not suitable for planting. But bothering in this way is not necessary - out of a dozen seeds, eight will surely ascend, and you won’t know who to give them later.
Preparing for landing
The next stage is planting in the ground, which is desirable not to take from the street, but to buy at a flower shop. There are two ways here. The first is to plant a seed in a flower pot and wait at least two weeks. By the way, many have not enough patience, and they are digging in the ground with interest in anticipation of germination.
The second way is just for the curious. Place the stones between two layers of damp cotton wool and place them in a warm place.Periodically moisten the cotton-filled cocoon with warm water and enjoy the view of the swollen bones - at one point they will germinate and they can be solemnly transferred to the soil. Plant shallowly - 1.5-2 cm will be quite enough.
So, our beauty has safely sprouted and timidly looked out of the ground. At the tip of the seedling can remain a bone, from which he could not free himself. Carefully help him with tweezers. Put a sprout pot on the window sill to ensure good lighting. During the cold season, when the light day is short, it is advisable to add artificial light in the morning and evening.
Since we eat persimmon during the cold season, cover the sprout with a plastic or glass cup of drafts. So the effect of a greenhouse will be created, and the persimmon will not die from cold air. Periodically air and spray. After 4 leaves grow, the cup can be removed.
Remember that a persimmon is a tree that is actively developing, therefore, as it grows, it is often necessary to repot it: in the first year, as soon as the pot becomes small, in the next year once a year, preferably in early spring.
Do not plant immediately in a large pot, the soil unused by the root system may sour and cause root rot.
At home, I would like to have a small compact plant, and not a scum, resting on the ceiling. To do this, it is necessary to form a crown of a spherical shape. After the seedling reaches 40-50 cm, trim the top - so the plant will stop growing up and begin to produce side shoots.
New branches are grown to the desired size and pinch again. 7-9 side branches on the main trunk will be enough for a beautiful rounded tree that can bear fruit.
Persimmon loves fresh air, but not draft. In the warm season, keep it on the balcony or on the street, and in winter it is desirable to provide a cool mode of +5 degrees.
This plant loves moisture, but grows in a tropical climate, so over-watering is very harmful because it leads to rotting of the roots. Persimmon is poured with water at moderate temperatures, as long as the soil is slightly moist.
In winter, watering is significantly reduced, two or three times per season.
But spraying should be carried out regularly, even in winter.
Persimmon does not like fertilizers, responds to them with disease and poor growth. At home, the plant grows small and compact, so fertilizers lead to an overdose of trace elements, which makes the tree painful.
On the other hand, it is impossible without top dressing, it just has to be moderate and not aggressive. Remember that organic fertilizers have a detrimental effect on the plant, since in natural conditions persimmon grows on poor and stony soils. Water it once or twice a month with a solution of humic acids or a mineral complex for flowering plants. It is important that phosphorus and potassium are present in the dressing for successful fruiting.
Never apply fertilizer to dry soil. Fertilizing persimmon should be during the growing season, in the winter do not conduct dressing.
In the fall, around October, we stop fertilizing the tree and reduce watering. The leaves turn yellow and fall off.
In winter for persimmon comes a period of rest. A pot with trees should be taken out in a cool room, where the temperature is within +5 degrees.In order for the plant not to wither, it is necessary to ensure the correct artificial lighting, it is desirable that the light be diffused. Watering is not required, it is enough twice in the cold season and periodic spraying.
The soil is best covered with sawdust, so moisture is preserved.
Does persimmon fruit at home?
Many lovers of the exotic on the windowsill are interested in, can persimmon from the stone at home give fruit?
For a wild-growing plant, and so is our sprouted seed, a crop is required to produce a crop.
If the plant is not inoculated, then with proper care, the fruits may appear in five to seven years, or they may not appear at all. Vaccination will speed up the process and allow it to produce fruit in the third or fourth year.
The grafting procedure is quite complicated and requires experience and professionalism. The fact is that there are so many tannins in the wood that the vaccination should be carried out very quickly. Well study the material on this topic, consult with experts.
Useful tips and tricks
- If you take a bone from freshly eaten persimmon, then it will rise almost 100%.Lying bone already requires special treatment before planting.
- Persimmon easily adapts to any soil, it does not need any special top dressing, but try to avoid black soil and organic fertilizers.
- Do not be afraid to plant this tropical plant in temperate latitudes. There are many frost-resistant varieties that tolerate 20 degrees of frost perfectly.
- Place the seedlings in a warm place, well lit and free from drafts. Keep out of direct sunlight, they can burn the leaves.
- Watering should be moderate as the ground dries. But spraying spend often.
- In the summer, if possible, take the plant pot to the street or to an open balcony, and in winter, ensure a period of rest.
As you can see, it is not difficult to grow an exotic plant from a stone. Does not cause troubles and care for persimmon in a flower pot. The main thing is to provide conditions close to natural conditions - humidity, heat, fresh air.
Perhaps you will not get the fruit or they will be small and not similar to the store, but the plant itself is beautiful, exotic and pleases the eye with greenery and freshness. And most importantly, it is grown by you from the ordinary plain bone, which you once stuck into the ground and raised a new life.